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HistoryEdit

American Grand PrizeEdit

Indianapolis 500Edit

In 1950, the FIA decided that for their fledgling World Championship, there needed to be at least one race outside of Europe. So for the first eleven years of the series, full points were awarded to the oldest and largest race outside of Europe, the Indianapolis 500. Very little mention was made of most of the drivers competing at Indianapolis had never heard of the FIA series, and that nothing about the 500 conformed to the rules of the rest of the Championship.

Only two drivers attempted to "cross over": Alberto Ascari tried to qualify at Indianapolis once, and Rodger Ward brought his Indy roadster to the 1959 United States Grand Prix, where he thought that the car would be more nimble than the F1 cars. He was dramatically proven wrong, qualifying last in a field of 19, more than 43 seconds behind polesitter Stirling Moss.

After a genuine United States Grand Prix began running in 1959, and survived a bumpy start, the 500 was quietly dropped from the 1961 and subsequent calendars.

Modern EraEdit

The actual United States Grand Prix started out in 1958 as a sports car race at Riverside, as single-seater road racing cars were in short supply in the US. After the organizers proved that they were capable of running an event, then an actual Grand Prix was scheduled for 1959. But to reduce travel expenses, the race was moved 3,000 miles east, to Sebring, Florida. But Sebring proved to be too far from any major metropolitan areas, and the event lost money.

In 1960, the second try was back in Riverside, where a huge crowd had turned out for the sports car race two years earlier. But this time, the race was just a week after another heavily-promoted sports car race, and the major newspaper of the Los Angeles area barely mentioned the Grand Prix. The meager crowd placed the organizers in a hole financially.

The third try was the charm. Watkins Glen, New York might be tiny in and of itself, but within a day's drive there were more than 20 million people. The city had held very successful races though the town streets and on surrounding roads just after the war, and the need to move the racing to a permanent circuit did not diminish the popularity of the racing. The third Formula One incarnation of the event, now titled the Grand Prix of the United States, drew a large and enthusiastic throng. Formula One had found a home in the US.

The race was held at Watkins Glen 20 times, and after the 1970 race, the track received a makeover and expansion. At the time the track was hailed as the finest road racing circuit in the world, but time and diminishing crowds started to wear the track out. Consecutive years with poor weather, in 1979 and 1980 put the track in financial jeopardy, and when the organizers defaulted on the prize money after the 1980 race, the track was dropped from the calendar, never to return.

WinnersEdit

Winning DriversEdit

Winning ConstructorsEdit

Year-by-YearEdit

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
1908 France Louis Wagner Italy Fiat Savannah Report
1909 Not held
1910 United States David Bruce-Brown Germany Benz Savannah Report
1911 United States David Bruce-Brown Italy Fiat Report
1912 United States Caleb Bragg Italy Fiat Milwaukee Report
1913 Not held
1914 United States Eddie Pullen United States Mercer Santa Monica Report
1915 United Kingdom Dario Resta France Peugeot San Francisco Report
1916 United States Howdy Wilcox
United States Johnny Aitken
France Peugeot Santa Monica Report
1917–1957 Not held
1958* United States Chuck Daigh United States Scarab-Chevrolet Riverside Report
1959 New Zealand Bruce McLaren United Kingdom Cooper-Climax Sebring Report
1960 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Riverside Report
1961 United Kingdom Innes Ireland United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Watkins Glen Report
1962 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Report
1963 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom BRM Report
1964 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom BRM Report
1965 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom BRM Report
1966 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-BRM Report
1967 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth Report
1968 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Ford Cosworth Report
1969 Austria Jochen Rindt United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth Report
1970 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth Report
1971 France François Cevert United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth Report
1972 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth Report
1973 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth Report
1974 Argentina Carlos Reutemann United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth Report
1975 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Ferrari Report
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth Report
1977 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth Report
1978 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Italy Ferrari Report
1979 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Italy Ferrari Report
1980 Australia Alan Jones United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth Report
1981–1988 Not held
1989 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Phoenix Report
1990 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
1991 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
1992–1999 Not held
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Indianapolis Report
2001 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2002 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2005 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2007 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2008–2011 Not held
2012 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Austin Report
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2014 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2015 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2016 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report

* The 1958 event was exclusively for sports cars.

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