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Table Of Contents
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This is a glossary of some of the most commonly used terms in the sport of Formula One.


AEdit

AerodynamicsEdit

The study of air movement over and around objects.

AirboxEdit

The engine air intake, located above the driver's head. This part of the car also serves as the roll hoop which protects the driver if the car overturns.

ApexEdit

The innermost point of the racing line around a corner, where the racing line meets the inside point or kerb of the turn.

AppealEdit

The action to attempt to overturn the race stewards' decision if the team feels that a driver was incorrectly penalized.


BEdit

BackmarkerEdit

Drivers located at the rear end of the field. This term is most commonly used when a driver is being lapped by the race leader.

BallastEdit

Weights placed around the car to improved balance and ensure that the car fills the minimum weight regulation.

BlisteringEdit

The result of tyres overheating. The heat causes the rubber to soften and break away in chunks.

BodyworkEdit

The carbon fibre pieces of the car that are fitted prior to the race.

Ex. Engine cover, cockpit cover, nosecone, etc.

BollardEdit

A vertical tube located in the corners of some circuits to prevent corner cutting. Sometimes these tubes are equipped with cameras.

BottomingEdit

When the bottom of the car comes in contact with the track surface.

Brake balanceEdit

A switch in the cockpit that adjusts the braking power to the front or rear of the car. This switch can be changed by the driver throughout the race.


CEdit

CADEdit

Short for Computer-aided design

The computer software used to design the car.

CamberEdit

The angle at which the tyre leans vertically.

CFDEdit

Short for Computational fluid dynamics

A computer software used to simulate airflow and assist in aerodynamic calculations and tests.

ChassisEdit

The section of the car to which the engine and suspension systems are attached.

ChicaneEdit

A tight sequence of corners in alternate directions, designed to slow cars. This is most commonly used in high speed areas of the track to prevent accidents.

Clean airEdit

Air that is not affected by an object before reaching the car and that provides the best aerodynamic conditions.

CockpitEdit

The section of the chassis in which the driver sits.

CompoundEdit

The section of tyre that comes in contact with the track surface.

Corner cuttingEdit

When a driver steers the car under the apex to shorten the distance of the corner.


DEdit

DebriefEdit

A meeting between the team drivers and engineers after an on-track session to discuss strategy.

DegradationEdit

The process by which a tyre loses performance and/or grip.

Delta timeEdit

The time difference between two different laps or two different drivers.

DiffuserEdit

The rear of the car floor where air under the car exits.

DownforceEdit

An aerodynamic force that pushes the car downward while driving forward.

DragEdit

An aerodynamic resistance when the car is traveling in the forward direction.

Drive-through penaltyEdit

Also referred to as a Drive-through

A penalty in which the drivers must enter and drive through the pit lane while following the pit road speed limit. The driver is not required to stop in their pit box and may rejoin the race after reaching the exit of the pits.

Drivers' briefingEdit

A meeting held by the FIA before the start of a racing event. The race director discusses issues with the circuit and Grand Prix, as well as other many other topics such as safety.

DRSEdit

Short for Drag Reduction System

Adjustable rear wings that allow the driver to activate from the cockpit when in a per-determined area, known as the DRS Activation Zone. When combined with other systems in the car, boosts overtaking.


EEdit

ECUEdit

Short for Electronic Control Unit

The unit that controls the electrical systems in the car.

EndplateEdit

Vertical panels on the outer edges of the front and rear wings, to which the main wing components are attached.

Energy StoreEdit

Usually a set of lithium ion batteries that are used to store energy created by the powertrain and ERS systems.

ERSEdit

Short for Energy Recovery Systems
Previously called the KERS or Kinetic Energy Recovery System

A set of Motor Generator Units that harness waste heat and kinetic energy. This energy is then used to aid in powering the car.


FEdit

Fastest lapEdit

The quickest laptime set during a race (excluding practice and qualifying sessions).

Flag SystemEdit

Flags or signal lights that inform drivers of hazards or other information during a race.

Flat spotEdit

An area of the tyre that is worn from heavy braking, in which most or all of the treads have been worn off.

Formation lapEdit

Also called warm-up lap or parade lap

The lap before the beginning of the race, in which cars drive from the pits to the grid.


GEdit

G-forceEdit

A force that is the equivalent of a unit of gravity multiplied. This occurs during a rapid change in direction and/or velocity.

GrainingEdit

When a car slides, it can cause little bits or rubber to break away from the tyre's grooves. These then stick to the tread of the tyre, effectively separating the tyre from the track surface very slightly.

Grand ChelemEdit

Also known as Grand slam

Awarded to a driver if they score pole position in qualifying, the fastest lap in the race and then winning while leading every lap of the race in the same weekend.

Gravel trapEdit

A bed of gravel placed on the outside of turns, designed to slow cars that leave the track. These aid in preventing contact with the wall.

GripEdit

The amount of traction a car has at any point in time.


HEdit

HandlingEdit

A car's responsiveness to driver input and corner effectively.

HANS DeviceEdit

Short for Head and Neck Support Device

A required safety device that prevents head and neck movement during an accident, by connecting the driver's head and shoulders to the car.

HeadrestEdit

Energy-absorbing foam that surrounds the driver's helmet in the cockpit to prevent vibration.

Heat cycleEdit

The process by which a tyre is heated during use. One cycle completes after the tyre cools.


IEdit

Installation lapEdit

A lap performed before the formation lap to test the car functions such as throttle, brakes and steering. Drivers may not cross the start/finish line when performing this lap and must bypass the line by using the pit lane.


JEdit

Jump startEdit

Also known as a False start

When a driver moves from their grid position before the start sequence is completed.


KEdit


LEdit

Lap RecordEdit

The fastest time ever recorded in a Formula One Grand Prix around that circuit.

LappedEdit

When the lead car passes a back marker.

Left-foot brakingEdit

A style of racing, in which the driver uses their right foot for the throttle and left foot for the braking.

Lock-upEdit

When a driver breaks heavily and one or more tyres stop rotating while others continue.

LollipopEdit

A sign on a long stick which is held in front of the driver while pitting. This will inform the driver to apply the brakes and shift to first gear before the jack is lowered.


MEdit

MarblesEdit

Small pieces of rubber from worn tyres. These pieces gather at the side of the track, off of the racing line and can lower traction when driven on.

MarshalEdit

Track officials that oversee the track and ensure the safety of drivers, spectators and staff members. Marshals can fill many roles such as extinguishing fire, remove damaged cars and/or debris and using flags to indicate the condition of the track ahead.

Max OutEdit

When a car reaches its highest gear and cannot go any faster.

MonocoqueEdit

See Chassis

NEdit

Nomex®Edit

A fire-resistant material used in a driver's clothes to prevent burns in a fire.


OEdit

Out brakeEdit

When a driver brakes too late or too softly and overruns a corner.

OversteerEdit

Sometimes referred to as fish-tailing

When the rear tyres of the car are traveling faster and steering wider than the front.

OvertakeEdit

To pass a car and gain a position (unless a lapped car is ahead).


PEdit

PaddlesEdit

Levers located on the rear of the steering wheel that the driver uses to change the gears up and down.

PaddockEdit

An area behind the pits where teams store their transportation and motor homes. This area is not open to the public.

Parc fermeEdit

An fenced-off area where the cars are placed after the qualifying session. Only race stewards are allowed to touch the cars in this area, to prevent illegal changes.

Pit boardEdit

A board held out from the pit wall to tell drivers their position, the time interval to the car ahead or the one behind and the number of laps of the race remaining.

Pit wallEdit

Where team managers, owners and engineers spend their race. This is also the wall that separates the pit lane from the track.

PitsEdit

An area of track located near the start/finish line where drivers receive service to their car. The team garages are also located in this area.

PlankEdit

A wooden strip that is attached to the underside of cars during test and practice sessions. This helps team engineers to ensure that the car is not running too low to the ground.

PodiumEdit

The area at which the top three finishing drivers receive their prizes.

Pole PositionEdit

The first position of the grid. This is given to the driver that posted the fastest lap during the third round of qualifying.

PowertrainEdit

Also called Power unit

The system that provide the car with power.

PracticeEdit

The sessions that take place on Friday and Saturday of a Grand Prix event. These sessions allow drivers to drive the car on the track and prepare it for qualifying and the race.


QEdit

QualifyingEdit

The knock-out session that takes place on Saturday to determine the position of drivers on the starting grid on race day.


REdit

R&DEdit

Short for Research and Development

Activities taken by the team to develop or improve a system or component.

Reconnaissance lapEdit

A lap before the race where drivers leave the pits to line up at the grid.

RetirementEdit

When a car needs to drop-out of an event because of an accident or mechanical failure.

Ride heightEdit

The distance between the floor of the car and the track surface.

Roll cageEdit

Specially engineered and constructed frame used to protect the driver from being injured in an accident.

RumblestripEdit

A bumpy section of kerbing to warn drivers that they are at the edge of the track surface.


SEdit

Safety CarEdit

An official vehicle called to the track to run in front of the leaders and slow cars in the event that the cars need to be slowed. This vehicle is most commonly used when there is a large accident, but can be used in severe weather conditions.

ScrutineeringEdit

The checking of the car by officials to ensure that it does not violate any regulations.

SectorsEdit

The track is divided into three areas for timing purposes. Each area is known as a sector.

ShakedownEdit

A test performed by team when using a new component of the car for the first time before resuming the session.

SidepodEdit

The area of the car that extends from the side of the monocoque and back to the rear wing.

SlipstreamEdit

Also known as a Draft

Less dense air behind a moving car. Drivers use this to travel faster.

StewardEdit

A high ranking official appointed to make decisions at each Grand Prix event.

Stop-go penaltyEdit

A penalty that requires drivers to return to their pit and wait for either 5 or 10 seconds before rejoining the race. The penalty duration is determined by the race stewards depending upon the severity of the rule violation.

Super License Penalty PointsEdit

As of the 2014 season, a penalty points system has been implemented whereby a driver may be given between one and three penalty points by stewards for various infractions. These penalty points accumulate but expire one year after they were earned. Any driver who accumulates twelve penalty points within a year will face a one race ban.


TEdit

Tear-off stripsEdit

Clear plastic strips that are placed over the driver's visor before the race. These strips are then removed throughout the race to keep their vision clear and prevent the visor from becoming dirty and/or scratched.

TelemetryEdit

A system that sends data from the car to the pits so that teams may monitor their cars' behavior.

Test DriverEdit

Also known as Reserve driver

A racing driver who is employed by a Formula One team to be involved in the development and testing of a particular F1 car but is not involved in the actual F1 race.

TestingEdit

How teams and manufacturers aerodynamically test newly created or updated parts of the car.

TorqueEdit

The twisting and turning of an engine throughout the session. This measures the engine's flexibility.

TractionEdit

The amount of power that a car is able to transfer to the track.

Traction controlEdit

A computer system that detects when a car's rear wheel(s) are losing traction and adjusts power accordingly.

TubEdit

See Chassis

TurbulenceEdit

The disruption of air flow caused by an interruption to its passage.

TurbochargerEdit

A component attached to the engine that increases the power that a car is able to produce.

Tyre compoundEdit

The type of rubber used on a tyre.

Tyre warmerEdit

An electrically heated blanket attached to tyres when not in use to allow the tyres to reach optimum operating temperature faster.


UEdit

UndersteerEdit

When the front end of the car does not want to turn and slides wide when cornering.


VEdit

VictoryEdit

The act of winning a race.

Visor stripEdit

A strip of strong carbon-fibre that is attached to the top of the driver's helmet visor for protection.


WEdit

WheelbaseEdit

The distance from the center of the front wheel to the center of the rear wheel.

WinEdit

See Victory

XEdit


YEdit

YawEdit

See Understeer

ZEdit

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