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Mécanique Aviation TRAction (abbreviated as Matra) was a French industrial consortium, offering a wide range of products in the field of aerospace, weaponry and automobiles. It was founded in 1964 by Jean-Luc Lagardère by consolidating several other corporations that he owned.

Matra Automobiles came into being when they bought out Automobiles René Bonnet. The company (led by young designer Gérard Ducarouge) had successful Formula 2 and 3 models running by 1966, and in 1967 an F2 Matra MS7 with ballast added (to meet the minimum weight for Formula One) turned competitive times in races. Matra designed a test-bed Formula One car, the Cosworth DFV-engined MS9, to research an entry into that series. The data gleaned led to construction of the Matra MS10, but the car wasn't ready for the start of the 1968 season. Jackie Stewart drove the MS9 in the 1968 South African Grand Prix, qualifying third, but retired with engine failure. Stewart drove the MS10 for the remainder of 1968, but despite missing two races with a broken wrist, and driving with a cast for several more, he managed to win three races and finish second in the championship.

In 1969, Stewart won the season opener in the MS10, then won five more races with the new MS80 to win the championship for both himself and Matra. Matra was on top of the world, but to them it was tarnished by the use of a British engine in the car. Stewart and his team owner, Ken Tyrrell, were given a choice: they could continue to use the Matra chassis, but only with the V12 Matra engine. Or they could find another deal somewhere else. Stewart felt that the Matra engine was inferior to the Cosworth, so he and Tyrrell chose to walk. Matra was never again a dominant (or race-winning) marque, and the F1 team was shut down after the 1972 season. Tyrrell eventually built his own car, inspired by the MS80, and driving that car Stewart dominated F1 for the next three years.

But Matra did not leave racing. They had become one of the dominant sports car teams in the early 70s, and development of the engine continued. In 1975, they struck a deal with the US Shadow team, where they would construct a version of their current DN5 model, to accept the Matra V12. Known as the Shadow DN7, it was driven by Jean-Pierre Jarier for two races late in the season, retiring with ignition and fuel pump problems, respectively. Matra then announced that the engines would be used to power the new all-French Ligier team in 1976, so Shadow dropped their participation in the project.

Formula One RecordsEdit

Team NamesEdit

Years Name
19671968 Matra Sports
19681969 Matra International
1970 Equipe Matra Elf
1971 Equipe Matra Sports
1972 Equipe Matra

Constructor resultsEdit

Year Cars Engines Tires Drivers Rounds WCC Points WCC Pos. Report
1966 MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA L4 1.0 D France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6 0 NC Report
France Jo Schlesser 6
1967 MS7 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 D France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 2, 10-11 0 NC Report
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 2
1968 MS7
MS9
MS10
MS11
Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5
Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0
D United Kingdom Jackie Stewart 2, 10-11 45 3rd Report
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 3, 9-10, 12
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise 1-2
MS9 V12 3.0 3-12 8 9th
France Henri Pescarolo 10-12
1969 MS10
MS80
MS84
Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 D United Kingdom Jackie Stewart All 66 1st Report
France Jean-Pierre Beltoise All
France Johnny Servoz-Gavin 9-11
MS7 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 7
France Henri Pescarolo 7

Private entreatsEdit

Year Entreats Cars Engines Tires Drivers Rounds
1966 Ken Tyrrell Racing MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA L4 1.0 D Belgium Jacky Ickx 6
BRM L4 1.0 Germany Hubert Hahne 6
1967 Ecurie Ford-France MS5 Ford Cosworth FVA L4 1.5 D France Jo Schlesser 7
Ken Tyrrell Racing MS7 Belgium Jacky Ickx 7

Engine resultsEdit

Complete Formula One ResultsEdit

Complete Formula One results
Driver Car 12345678910111213 WCC
Pts
WCC
Pos
1967 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Belgium Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Canada Flag of Italy Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico 1934-1968
France Beltoise MS7 DNQ7th7th 0 NC
France Servoz-Gavin Ret
1968 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico
United Kingdom Stewart MS7
MS9
MS10
MS11
Ret4th1st3rd6th1stRet6th1st7th 45
8
3rd
9th
France Beltoise 6th5thRet8th2nd9thRetRet5thRetRetRet
France Servoz-Gavin Ret2ndRetRet
France Pescarolo RetDNS9th
1969 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico
United Kingdom Stewart MS10
MS80
MS84
1st1stRet1st1st1st2nd1stRetRet4th 66 1st
France Beltoise 6th3rdRet8th2nd9th12th3rd4thRet5th
France Servoz-Gavin 6thNC8th
1970 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico
France Beltoise MS120 4thRetRet3rd5th13thRetRet6th3rd8thRet5th 23 6th
France Pescarolo 7thRet3rd6th8th5thRet6th14thRet7th8th9th
1971 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States
France Beltoise MS120B 6thRet9th7th7thRet8th 9 7th
New Zealand Amon 5th3rdRetRet5thRetRet6th10th12th
1972 Flag of Argentina Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States
New Zealand Amon MS120C
MS120D
Ret15thRet6th6th3rd4th15th5thRet6th15th 12 8th

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