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Keith Jack "Jackie" Oliver (14th August 1942) is a former Formula One driver, and founder of the Arrows F1 effort, born in Chadwell Heath, Essex, in the United Kingdom.[1] Beginning his career in his native Britain, Oliver progressed through club racing, through the British Saloon Car Championship and into Formula Two, before obtaining a one-off drive with Team Lotus at the 1967 German Grand Prix.[1]

An impressive début in Germany, in which Oliver finished fifth in a F2 machine, saw him signed up to Team Lotus for the 1968 Championship, with the Brit ultimately ending the season on the podium at the Mexican Grand Prix. Oliver was to be forced out of the team at the end of the season, replaced by Jochen Rindt, although he would signup to drive for BRM just a few days later.[1]

Two seasons with BRM saw Oliver retire more often than not due to mechanical issues, before he moved on to the World Sportscar Championship for 1971.[1] He would return to Grand Prix racing later that season, however, joining the McLaren Racing outfit mid-season, before only competing at one race in 1972 for old team BRM.[1] Oliver would complete one more full season in 1973 for Shadow F1, before retiring from Grand Prix racing at the end of the season.[1]

Oliver continued on with Shadow in their other Championship commitments, briefly returning to the F1 field for one final taste in 1977, before ending his involvement with the American team at the end of the year.[1] Oliver then founded the Arrows F1 team with a number of ex-Shadow employees in 1978, and remained at the helm until 1996, finally breaking his involvement with Arrows, and F1, in 1999.[1]

Formula One CareerEdit

Oliver got his first taste of motor racing at club level in his native Britain in 1961, moving through the ranks after a series of impressive performances. His pre-Formula One career would also see him finish as a class runner up in the 1966 British Saloon Car Championship, and continued to race in Formula Two, after attracting support from Team Lotus for the 1967 season.[1]

Chapman's Choice: 1967 - 1968Edit

Oliver was part of Team Lotus works team, competing for them at several Formula Two races after Colin Chapman asked him to join the team. Fate then decided that the organisers at the 1967 German Grand Prix had arranged for a Formula Two race to support the Grand Prix at the Nürburgring, meaning all of the Lotus crews would be there.[1] When the entry list for the feature race proved short, Oliver and his F2 colleagues were allowed to enter the race using their non-Championship equipment, with Oliver producing a mesmerising drive.[1] The Brit danced his F2 car around the circuit on race day, climbing from nineteenth on the grid to finish fifth, although he was not eligible for points.[1] Oliver would return to his regular F2 campaign after his memorable début.

Sadly, Oliver's full début would come in the wake of two of the most tragic losses to the racing world. Jim Clark's death in a Formula Two race in April had seen Mike Spence replace him at Team Lotus, only for the latter to die during practice for the 1968 Indianapolis 500, with Team Lotus opting not to attend the second race of the season. Oliver was drafted into the vacant seat for the third round in Monaco, but retired early on after getting involved in an accident caused by Bruce McLaren.[1]

His next race for the full Lotus outfit saw him use the updated Lotus 49, with Oliver rediscovering his F2 performances in the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix to take his first points with a fifth place finish.[1] At the following Dutch Grand Prix Oliver would fail to be classified, before missing the French race. Oliver would again impress on his return to the Championship at his home race in Britain, leading for several laps before retiring with a transmission failure.

The rest of the season proved disappointing in comparison, with Oliver retiring from two races, failing to start one, and failing to score at the German Grand Prix. Yet, the season would end in some glory for Oliver, as he claimed a first career podium and aided team mate Graham Hill to his second World Championship, although Oliver's time was up with Lotus.[1] Oliver's Austrian contemporary Jochen Rindt managed to convince Chapman into giving him a seat at the World Champions, with Oliver dropped to accommodate the future World Champion.[1]

Factory Funding: 1969 - 1970Edit

A few days after being dropped by Team Lotus, Oliver signed a two year deal with BRM, as well as a deal with Ford to race at the 24 Hours of Le Mans.[1] Yet, the first season of his new deals prove to be polar opposites, although Oliver did show his quality in both.[1] Victories at the 12 Hours of Sebring and Le Mans for Ford overshadowed a disappointing Grand Prix season, as Oliver retired from eight races, and only scored points at the season finale in Mexico.[1]

His sportscar career remained a source of personal joy for Oliver, amid frequent upheval within BRM, with the Brit joined by a new team mate in the form of Pedro Rodríguez.[1] The new BRM P153 was quick, Oliver frequently getting into the top ten in qualifying, but its delicate nature again saw Oliver fail to finish eleven of the seasons races.[1] The only highlight of the season for Oliver came at the Austrian Grand Prix, with the Brit scoring his only points finish of the season.[1] Oliver was also lucky to survive a fire affected crash in Spain, but would ultimately move to sportscars full time in 1971.

Reserve Racer: 1971 - 1972Edit

Oliver's career saw him join Porsche for their World Sportscar Championship, where he would claim victory in the 24 Hours of Daytona. His success meant that McLaren would approach Oliver when he was short of a driver in three rounds in 1971, and gave Oliver a one-off race in 1972.[1] His best finish in the four races came at the 1971 Italian Grand Prix, although Oliver failed to score points by claiming seventh in that race.[1]

Shadow Dealing: 1973Edit

Oliver became a key figure in establishing the Shadow Racing Team in Formula One, having joined their campaign in America's CanAm Series.[1] He led their 1973 F1 campaign as their lead driver, and with the new Shadow DN1 endured a topsy-turvy season, suffering eight retirements from fourteen races.[1] Yet, Oliver would also claim a podium in the 1973 Canadian Grand Prix, although the wet weather conditions saw him cross the line in first place, only to be denied his first victory after the organisers misrecorded the lap charts.[1]

Oliver retired from racing in Grand Prix at the end of the season, although continued to campaign with Shadow in America. He did, however, make a return to the F1 grid in 1977, claiming ninth in the Swedish Grand Prix.[1] Oliver then became business manager at Shadow for the rest of the season, before leading a en-masse walk out at the end of the season, creating the Arrows F1 Team in time for 1978.[1]

Formula One Statistical OverviewEdit

Formula One RecordEdit

The complete record of Jackie Oliver as a racing driver in Formula One is shown below:

Year Entrant Constructor WDC Points WDC Pos. Report
1967 United Kingdom Lotus Components Ltd. Lotus-Cosworth* 0 NC Report
1968 United Kingdom Gold Leaf Team Lotus Lotus-Cosworth 6 15th Report
1969 United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation BRM 1 17th Report
1970 United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation BRM 2 20th Report
1971 United Kingdom Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren-Ford Cosworth 0 NC Report
1972 United Kingdom Marlboro BRM BRM 0 NC Report
1973 United KingdomUOP Shadow Racing Team Shadow-Ford Cosworth 4 14th Report
1977 United KingdomShadow Racing Team Shadow-Ford Cosworth 0 NC Report

Non-racing Formula One RecordEdit

Jackie Oliver's full non-racing F1 record is outlined below:

Year Role Employer WCC Points WCC Pos. Report
1977 Business Manager United Kingdom Shadow Racing Team 23 7th Report
1978 Team Owner United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team 11 10th Report
1979 Team Owner United Kingdom Warsteiner Arrows Racing Team 5 9th Report
1980 Team Owner United KingdomWarsteiner Arrows Racing Team 11 7th Report
1981 Team Owner United Kingdom Ragno Arrows Beta Racing Team 10 8th Report
1982 Team Owner United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team 5 10th Report
1983 Team Owner United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team 4 10th Report
1984 Team Owner United Kingdom Barclay Nordica Arrows BMW 3 10th Report
3 11th
1985 Team Owner United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW 14 8th Report
1986 Team Owner United Kingdom Barclay Arrows BMW 1 10th Report
1987 Team Owner United Kingdom USF&G Arrows Megatron 11 6th Report
1988 Team Owner United Kingdom USF&G Arrows Megatron 23 5th Report
1989 Team Principle United Kingdom Arrows Grand Prix International 13 7th Report
1990 Team Principle United Kingdom Footwork Arrows Racing 2 9th Report
1991 Team Principle United Kingdom Footwork Grand Prix International 0 NC Report
0 NC
1992 Team Principle United Kingdom Footwork Mugen Honda 6 7th Report
1993 Team Principle United Kingdom Footwork Mugen Honda 4 9th Report
1994 Team Owner United Kingdom Footwork Ford 9 9th Report
1995 Team Owner United Kingdom Footwork Hart 5 8th Report
1996 Team Owner United Kingdom Footwork Hart 1 9th Report
1997 Team Owner United Kingdom Danka Arrows Yamaha 9 8th Report
1998 Team Owner United Kingdom Danka Zepter Arrows 6 7th Report
1999 Team Owner United Kingdom Repsol Arrows F1 Team 1 9th Report

Career StatisticsEdit

Entries 54
Starts 48
Pole Positions 0
Front Row Starts 1
Race Wins 0
Podiums 2
Fastest laps 1
Points 13
Laps Raced 1,532
Distance Raced 8,121 km
Laps Led 36
Distance Led 165 km

Career ResultsEdit

Complete Formula One results
Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Pts Pos
1967 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Belgium Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Canada Flag of Italy Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico 0 NC
5th*
1968 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico 6 15th
Ret 5th NC DNS Ret 11th Ret Ret DNS 3rd
1969 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico 1 17th
7th Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6th
1970 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of Mexico 2 20th
Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 5th Ret NC Ret 7th
1971 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of the Netherlands Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States 0 NC
Ret 9th 7th
1972 Flag of Argentina Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States 0 NC
Ret
1973 Flag of Argentina Flag of Brazil Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Spain 1945 1977 Flag of Belgium Flag of Monaco Flag of Sweden Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Canada Flag of the United States 4 14th
Ret Ret Ret 10th Ret Ret Ret Ret 8th Ret 11th 3rd 15th
1977 Flag of Argentina Flag of Brazil Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of the United States Flag of Spain 1977 1981 Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of Sweden Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Italy Flag of the United States Flag of Canada Flag of Japan 0 NC
9th


Key
Symbol Meaning Symbol Meaning
1stWinner Ret Retired
2ndPodium finish DSQ Disqualified
3rd DNQ Did not qualify
5thPoints finish DNPQ Did not pre-qualify
14thNon-points finish TD Test driver
NCNon-classified finish (<90% race distance) DNS Did not start
[+] More Symbols
  • * Oliver entered using Formula Two equipment and so was ineligible for points.

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 'DRIVERS: JACKIE OLIVER', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2016), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/drv-olijac.html, (Accessed 01/02/2016)
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