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Ayrton Senna

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Ayrton Senna
Ayrton Senna
Born March 21, 1960(1960-03-21)
São Paulo, Brazil
Died 1 May 1994(1994-05-01) (aged 34)
Bologna, Italy
Nationality Flag of Brazil BRA
Formula One World Championship Career
Status Deceased (Race crash)
Races 162 (161 starts)
Pole positions 65
Wins 41
Championships 3
Podiums 80
Fastest laps 19
Career Points 614
First Race 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix
Last Race 1994 San Marino Grand Prix
First Win 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix
Last Win 1993 Australian Grand Prix
Notes [1]

Ayrton Senna da Silva (Portuguese: eye-AIR-ton; English: AIR-ton; born 21 March 1960 in São Paulo, Brazil – died 1 May 1994 in Bologna, Italy) was a Brazilian racing driver and three time Formula One world champion (1988, 1990 and 1991). He died when he crashed heavily at the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix and remains to this date the last Formula one driver to die behind the wheel. He was the uncle of Formula one newcomer Bruno Senna of whom he famously said in 1993: "If you think I'm fast, just wait until you see my nephew Bruno".

Pre-Formula OneEdit

Ayrton Senna started his motoring career at age 13 when his sister Viviane gave him a kart that she had rejected as a present, Ayrton then began participating in karting competions throughout Brazil. In 1977 when he was 17 he won the South American Karting Championship which opened him up into higher karting grades where he moved into the World Karting Championship where he contested from 1978-1982. Although never able to win the championship, Senna did finish runner up in 1979 and 1980.

In 1981 he moved to England where he participated in the British Formula Ford 1600 Championships where he won both championships held that year. The following year he took another step forward moving into the Formula Ford 2000 European Championships where he again won the championships.

In 1983, Senna moved to the Formula 3 British Championship with the West Surrey team where he dominated the first half of the season. Towards the end of the season, Martin Brundle closed the gap racing for the Eddie Jordan Racing Team but Senna managed to clinch the title in the end, winning at the final showdown at the Thruxton Race Circuit.

Formula OneEdit

1984: TolemanEdit

Senna's performances in the lower formulae had gained the attention of a lot of Formula One teams. In 1983 he had tested with McLaren, Williams, Brabham and Toleman. Senna tried to gain entry to F1 with one of these teams, however Williams and McLaren were full. He was expected to move to the Brabham team however they opted with Teo Fabi instead so Senna's only option was to race with the Toleman team partnering Johnny Cecotto.

Senna would make his F1 debut at his home country at the 1984 Brazilian Grand Prix where he qualified 16th of 26 in his first race but he failed to finish the race. The next race was much better for Senna as he scored his first F1 points in South Africa, finishing 6th at Kyalami, a position he was able to repeat at the next race, the Belgian Grand Prix. In San Marino, however he failed to qualify for the race due to fuel pressure problems during qualifying. Senna's highlight of the season was the Monaco Grand Prix where he finished 2nd having qualified 13th on the grid. In very wet conditions, Senna made his way up the field in an inferior car with great speed and control, passing car after car on the notoriously narrow Monaco circuit. Senna managed to close to within 8 seconds of leader Alain Prost and was gaining on the Frenchman at a rate of four seconds a lap when the red flag was dropped on lap 32 due to the weather. Senna's second place was his first podium in only his fifth race start, and showed his potential as a future champion. After a couple of retirements Senna managed to get another podium in Britain where he finished third.

After the British Grand Prix, teammate Cecotto was sacked after he failed to exceed his younger teammates performances and a replacement was not found until Italy. Senna struggled over the next couple of races with the car's poor reliability, and decided to seek a drive with a better team for 1985. Senna opted to sign with the Lotus team in secret for the 1985 season, however Toleman found out that he was keeping secrets from them, thus breaching his two year contract with the team. In response, the team suspended him from the next race in Italy, where he was replaced by Pierluigi Martini. Toleman had also found a new teammate to accompany him for the rest of the season that being of Stefan Johansson. When Senna returned to the team at the European Grand Prix he failed to finish, crashing out on the first lap at the new Nürburgring circuit. At the final race of the season in Portugal, Senna scored a third podium of his début season, finishing in third position. Senna ended his first season in F1 in 9th place in the Drivers' Championship, and helped his Toleman team to 7th in the Manufacturers' table. Senna had scored 13 of the 16 points that the team gained in the 1984 season.

1985-1987: LotusEdit


Glad to be rid of Toleman, Senna embarked on a more competitive and stronger year at Lotus F1 for 1985. Senna partnered Italian Elio de Angelis in the season. Senna failed to finish at his home race in Brazil but at Round 2 at Portugal he scired his first ever pole position which he materialised into his first race win. The Lotus was quick through the season but it's realibility was poor. Over the next 7 races Senna failed to score any points, half of them due to realibility issues. However he did manage to get 3 pole positions in his time. One of them at Monaco where he infuriated drivers like Niki Lauda and Michele Alboreto when he decided to run more laps than was necessary to gain pole, Senna later denied these accusations. On his return to the points Senna finished 2nd at Austria followed by two 3rd place finishes at the Netherlands and Italy and then won a race again in the wet in Belgium. A 2nd place finish was to follow in Europe however the last two races he failed to finish. Senna had gained a lot of popularity in the Lotus camp but not from teammate de Angelis who thought the team was favouring Senna and walked out on the team at the end of the season.


De Angelis was replaced by Johnny Dumfries for 1986 at Lotus, At the 1st race at his home Grand Prix Senna came second at Brazil and then winning the next race just over 0.014 seconds ahead of Nigel Mansell, Senna was now leading the championship but it was not to last Senna's poor car reliability showed over the next couple of races and although finishing on the podium 7 times after Portugal and another win in Detroit it was not enough to be in a title fighting position.


For 1987, Senna partnered 34 year old Japanese debutant Satoru Nakajima at Lotus. The year did not start off well for Senna in Brazil as he retired with engine problems at his home race. However at the next race at San Marino Senna was on pole and throughout the race Senna fought with Nigel Mansell for the lead of the race, however it wasn't one he was to win. Belgium saw another retirement when he crashed with rival Mansell when battling for the lead again however things brightened soon after as he won in Monaco and then the next race in Detroit, however only managed 4th in France followed by two third places at Britain and Germany. Hungary he was second, however only finished 5th at Austria. In Italy he was second after a tight battle for the lead with Nelson Piquet, Portugal was a disappointing 7th after having to pit due to losing his front wing, 5th in Spain then retired in Mexico when he spun off due to a stuck clutch, he was second in Japan and then second again for the last round of the championship in Australia but was then disqualified because of an illegal brake duct on the car. Senna finished the championship in third between Mansell and Piquet with 57 points, but he clearly outmatched teammate Nakajima who only took 12.

1988-1993: McLarenEdit


In 1988, thanks to the relationship he had built up with Honda throughout the 1987 season with Lotus, and with the approval of McLaren's number one driver and then-double world champion, Alain Prost, Senna joined the McLaren team. The foundation for a fierce competition between Senna and Prost was laid, culminating in a number of dramatic race incidents between the two over the next five years. At the Portuguese Grand Prix, Prost got away slightly faster than Senna at the start but the Brazilian dived into the first corner ahead. Prost responded and went to pass Senna at the end of the first lap. Senna swerved to block Prost, forcing the Frenchman nearly to run into the pitwall at 180 mph (290 km/h). Prost kept his foot down and soon edged Senna into the first corner and started pulling away fast. Though Prost was angered by Senna's manoeuvre, the Brazilian got away with a warning from the FIA. Senna would later apologize to Prost for the incident. Ultimately, the pair won 15 of 16 races in the McLaren MP4/4 in 1988 with Senna coming out on top, winning his first Formula One world championship title by taking 8 wins to Prost's 7 (Prost had scored more points over the season, but had to drop three 2nd places as only the 11 best scores counted).


The following year, the rivalry between Senna and Prost intensified into battles on the track and a psychological war off it.

Tension and mistrust between the two drivers increased when Senna overtook Prost at the restart of the San Marino Grand Prix, a move which Prost claimed violated a pre-race agreement. Senna took an early lead in the championship with victories in three of the first four races, but unreliability in Phoenix, Canada, France, Britain and Italy, together with collisions in Brazil and 1989 swung the title in Prost's favour.

Prost took the 1989 world title after a collision with Senna at the Suzuka in Japan, the penultimate race of the season, which Senna needed to win to remain in contention for the title. Senna had attempted an inside pass on Prost who turned into the corner and cut him off, with the two McLarens finishing up with their wheels interlocked in the Suzuka chicane escape road. Senna then got a push-start from marshals, pitted to replace the damaged nose of his car, and rejoined the race. He took the lead from the Benetton of Alessandro Nannini and went on to finish first, only to be promptly disqualified by the FIA for cutting the chicane after the collision, and for crossing into the pit lane entry (not part of the track). A large fine and temporary suspension of his Super License followed in the winter of 1989 and Senna engaged in a bitter war of words with the FIA and its then President Jean-Marie Balestre. Senna finished the season second with six wins and one second place. Prost left McLaren for rivals Ferrari for the following year.


In 1990, Senna took a commanding lead in the championship with six wins, two second places and three thirds. His most memorable victories were at the opening round in Phoenix, in which he diced for the lead for several laps with a then-unknown Jean Alesi before coming out on top, and at Germany where he fought Benetton driver Alessandro Nannini throughout the race for the win. As the season reached its final quarter however, Alain Prost in his Ferrari rose to the challenge with five wins, including a crucial victory in Spain where he and teammate Nigel Mansell finshed 1-2 for the Scuderia. Senna had gone out with a damaged radiator and the gap between Senna and Prost was now reduced to 11 points with two races remaining.

At the penultimate round of the Championship in Japan at Suzuka (the same circuit where Senna and Prost had their collision a year before), Senna took pole ahead of Prost. The pole position in Suzuka was on the right-hand, dirty side of the track. Prost's Ferrari made a better start and pulled ahead of Senna's McLaren. At the first turn Senna aggressively kept his line, while Prost turned in and the McLaren ploughed into the rear wheel of Prost's Ferrari at about 270 km/h (170 mph), putting both cars off the track, this time making Senna the Formula 1 world champion. A year later, after taking his third world championship, Senna explained to the press his actions of the previous year in Suzuka. He maintained that prior to qualifying fastest, he had sought and received assurances from race officials that pole position would be changed to the left-hand, clean side of the track, only to find this decision reversed by Jean-Marie Balestre after he had taken pole. Explaining the collision with Prost, Senna said that what he had wanted was to make clear he was not going to accept what he perceived as unfair decisions by Balestre, including his disqualification in 1989 and the pole position in 1990:

"I think what happened in 1989 was unforgivable, and I will never forget it. I still struggle to cope with it even now. You know what took place here: Prost and I crashed at the chicane, when he turned into me. Afterwards, I rejoined the race, and I won it, but they decided against me, and that was not justice. What happened afterwards was... a theatre, but I could not say what I thought. If you do that, you get penalties, you get fined, you lose your licence maybe. Is that a fair way of working? It is not...At Suzuka last year I asked the officials to change pole position from the right side of the track to the left. It was unfair, as it was, because the right side is always dirty, and there is less grip — you sweat to get pole position, and then you are penalized for it. And they said, "Yes, no problem". Then, what happened? Balestre gave an order that it wasn't to be changed. I know how the system works, and I thought this was really shit. So I said to myself, "OK, whatever happens, I'm going to get into the first corner first — I'm not prepared to let the guy (Alain Prost) turn into that corner before me. If I'm near enough to him, he can't turn in front of me — he just has to let me through." I didn't care if we crashed; I went for it. And he took a chance, turned in, and we crashed. It was building up, it was inevitable. It had to happen." So you did cause it then, someone said. "Why did I cause it?" Senna responded. "If you get fucked every time you try to do your job cleanly, within the system, what do you do? Stand back, and say thank you? No way. You should fight for what you think is right. If pole had been on the left, I'd have made it to the first corner in the lead, no problem. That was a bad decision to keep pole on the right, and it was influenced by Balestre. And the result was what happened in the first corner. I contributed to it, but it was not my responsibility".

Prost would later go on record slamming Senna's actions as "disgusting" and that he seriously considered retiring from the sport after that incident.


Senna captured his third title in 1991, taking seven wins and staying largely clear of controversy. Prost, due to the downturn in performance at Ferrari, was no longer a serious competitor. Senna won the first four races. By mid-season, only Nigel Mansell in the more advanced Williams was able to put up a challenge. There were some memorable moments, such as at the Spanish Grand Prix when Senna and Mansell went wheel to wheel with only centimetres to spare, at over 320 km/h (200 mph) down the main straight, a race that the Briton eventually won. Quite a different spectacle was offered following Mansell's victory in the British Grand Prix at Silverstone. Senna's car had come to a halt on the final lap but he was not left stranded out on the circuit, as Mansell pulled over on his parade lap and allowed the Brazilian to ride on the Williams side-pod back to the pits. Though Senna's consistency and the Williams' unreliability at the beginning of the season gave him an early advantage, Senna insisted that Honda step up their engine development program and demanded further improvements to the car before it was too late. These modifications enabled him to make a late season push and he managed to win three more races to secure the championship, which was settled for good in Japan (yet again) when Mansell (who needed to win), went off at the first corner while running third and beached his Williams-Renault into the gravel trap. Senna finished second, handing the victory to teammate Gerhard Berger at the last corner as a thank-you gesture for his support over the season.


In 1992, Senna's determination to win manifested itself in dismay at McLaren's inability to challenge Williams' all-conquering FW14B car. McLaren's new car for the season had several shortcomings. There was delay in getting the new model running (it debuted in the third race of the season, the Brazilian Grand Prix) and in addition to lacking active suspension, the new car suffered from reliability issues, was unpredictable in fast corners, while its Honda V12 engine was no longer the most powerful on the circuit. Senna scored wins in Monaco, Hungary, and Italy that year. During qualifying for the Belgian Grand Prix, French driver Érik Comas crashed heavily and Senna was the first to arrive at the scene. He got out of his car and ran across the track to aid the Frenchman, disregarding his own safety in an effort to aid a fellow driver. He later went to visit Comas in hospital. Senna finished fourth overall in the championship, behind the Williams duo of Mansell and Patrese, and Benetton's Michael Schumacher.


Questions about Senna's intentions for 1993 lingered throughout 1992, as he did not have a contract with any team by the end of the year. He felt the McLaren cars were less competitive than previously (especially after Honda bowed out of Formula One at the end of the 1992 season). Joining Williams alongside Prost (who had secured a drive for the team for 1993) became impossible, since Prost had a clause on his contract vetoing Senna as a team-mate, even though the Brazilian offered to drive for free. An infuriated Senna called Prost a coward in a press conference in Estoril. In December, Senna went to Phoenix, Arizona and tested Emerson Fittipaldi's Penske IndyCar.

McLaren boss Ron Dennis meanwhile was trying to secure a supply of the dominant Renault V10 engine for 1993. When this deal fell through, McLaren was forced to take a customer supply of Ford V8 engines. As a customer team, McLaren got an engine that was two specifications behind that of Ford's factory team, Benetton, but hoped to make up for the inferior horsepower with mechanical sophistication, including an effective active suspension system. Dennis then finally persuaded Senna to return to McLaren. The Brazilian, however, agreed only to sign up for the first race in South Africa, where he would assess whether McLaren’s equipment was competitive enough for him to put in a good season.

After driving McLaren's 1993 car, Senna concluded that the new car had a surprising potential, albeit the engine was still down on power and would be no match for Prost’s Williams-Renault. Senna declined to sign a one-year contract but agreed to drive on a race-by-race basis, eventually staying for the year, although some sources claim this was a marketing ploy between Dennis and Senna. After finishing second in the opening race in South Africa, Senna won in constantly fluctuating conditions at home in Brazil and in the rain at Donington. The latter has often been regarded as one of Senna's greatest victories. He started the race fourth and dropped to fifth on the run down to the first corner, but by the end of the first lap was leading the race. He went on to lap the entire field in a race where up to seven pit stops were required by some drivers for rain or slick tyres, depending on the conditions. Senna then scored a second-place finish in Spain and a record-breaking sixth win at Monaco. After Monaco, the sixth race of the season, Senna led the championship ahead of Prost in the Williams-Renault and Benetton's Michael Schumacher despite McLaren’s inferior engine. As the season progressed, Prost and Damon Hill asserted the superiority of the Williams-Renault car, with Prost securing the drivers' championship while Hill moved up to second in the standings. Senna concluded the season and his McLaren career with two wins in Japan and Australia, finishing second overall in the championship. The penultimate race was noted for an incident where Jordan's rookie Eddie Irvine unlapped himself against Senna. The incensed Brazilian later appeared at Jordan's garage and after a lengthy discussion, he proceeded to punch the Irishman.

1994: WilliamsEdit

For 1994, Senna finally signed with the Williams-Renault team. Prost's contract clause forbidding Senna from joining Williams did not extend to 1994 and Prost retired with one year left on his contract, rather than face the prospect of being a team mate of his greatest rival.

Williams had won the previous two World Championships with vastly superior cars, and Senna was a natural and presumptive pre-season title favourite, with second-year driver Damon Hill expected to play the supporting role. Between them, Prost, Senna, and Hill had won all but one race in 1993. Benetton's Michael Schumacher had won the remaining event.

Pre-season testing showed that the Williams car had speed, but it was difficult to drive. The FIA had banned electronic driver aids, such as active suspension, traction control and Anti-lock braking, to make the sport more "human". The Williams was not a well-handling car at the start of 1994, as observed by other F1 drivers, having been seen to be very loose at the rear. Senna himself had made numerous (politically careful) comments that the Williams FW16 had some quirks which needed to be ironed out. It was obvious that the FW16, after the regulation changes banning active suspension and traction control, exhibited none of the superiority of the FW15C and FW14B cars that had preceded it. The surprise of testing was the Benetton team, whose car was more nimble than the Williams although less powerful.

The first race of the season was in Brazil, where Senna took pole. In the race Senna took an early lead but Schumacher's Benetton was never far behind. Schumacher took the race lead for good after passing Senna in the pits. Senna refused to settle for second. While trying for a win, he pushed too hard and spun the car, stalling it and retiring from the race.

The second race was the Pacific Grand Prix at Aida where Senna again placed the car on pole. However, he was hit from behind in the first corner by Mika Häkkinen and his race came to a definitive end when a Ferrari driven by Nicola Larini also crashed into his Williams. Hill also retired with transmission problems, while Schumacher took victory again.

It was Senna's worst start to an F1 season, failing to finish or score points in the first two races, despite taking pole both times. Schumacher was leading Senna in the drivers' championship by twenty points.

Luca di Montezemolo is quoted saying that Senna came to him the Tuesday before the Imola race and praised Ferrari for the battle against electronics in F1. Senna also told Montezemolo that he would like to end his career with Ferrari.

Unfortuanately, it was not to be, as at the San Marino Grand Prix at the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, turned out to be his final race.

The weekend was marred with crashes, as Rubens Barrichello had a terrible accident on Friday, was affected Senna deeply. Then, on Saturday, Roland Ratzenberger was killed, the first to die in a Formula One car since Elio de Angelis in 1986, and the first to die at a race meeting since Ricardo Paletti at the 1982 Canadian Grand Prix.

Senna was distraught, and visited the place were Ratzenberger died, and he told Professor Sid Watkins he felt he could not race.

But Senna did race. And after seven laps, two at full pace (JJ Lehto had stalled at the start, and Pedro Lamy crashed into him), Senna exited at the Tamborello corner at 205 mph (330 km/h), went straight on and crashed into the wall at 135 mph (217 km/h). Part of the suspension hit him on the head, causing fatal skull fractures. He was declared dead just hours later.

F1 Career HistoryEdit

Numbers not in brackets are the championship points scored, while numbers in brackets refer to the total points scored.

Year Entrant Team WDC Pts WDC Pos. Report
1984 Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman-Hart 13 9th Report
1985 John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus-Renault 38 4th Report
1986 John Player Special Team Lotus Lotus-Renault 55 4th Report
1987 Camel Team Lotus Honda Lotus-Honda 57 3rd Report
1988 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda 90 (94) 1st Report
1989 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda 60 2nd Report
1990 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda 78 1st Report
1991 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda 96 1st Report
1992 Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Honda 50 4th Report
1993 Marlboro McLaren McLaren-Ford Cosworth 73 2nd Report
1994 Rothmans Williams Renault Williams-Renault 0 NC Report


Entries 162
Starts 161
Pole Positions 65
Front Row Starts 87
Race Wins 41
Podiums 80
Fastest laps 19
Points 614
Laps Raced 8219
Distance Raced 37937.010 km
Races Led 86
Laps Led 2931
Distance Led 13430.435 km
Doubles 29
Hat-Tricks 7
Grand Chelems 4


No. Race No. Race
1 1985 Portuguese Grand Prix 26 1990 Italian Grand Prix
2 1985 Belgian Grand Prix 27 1991 United States Grand Prix
3 1986 Spanish Grand Prix 28 1991 Brazilian Grand Prix
4 1986 United States Grand Prix 29 1991 San Marino Grand Prix
5 1987 Monaco Grand Prix 30 1991 Monaco Grand Prix
6 1987 United States Grand Prix 31 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix
7 1988 San Marino Grand Prix 32 1991 Belgian Grand Prix
8 1988 Canadian Grand Prix 33 1991 Australian Grand Prix
9 1989 United States Grand Prix 34 1992 Monaco Grand Prix
10 1988 British Grand Prix 35 1992 Hungarian Grand Prix
11 1988 German Grand Prix 36 1992 Italian Grand Prix
12 1988 Hungarian Grand Prix 37 1993 Brazilian Grand Prix
13 1988 Belgian Grand Prix 38 1993 European Grand Prix
14 1988 Japanese Grand Prix 39 1993 Monaco Grand Prix
15 1989 San Marino Grand Prix 40 1993 Japanese Grand Prix
16 1989 Monaco Grand Prix 41 1993 Australian Grand Prix
17 1989 Mexican Grand Prix
18 1989 German Grand Prix
19 1989 Belgian Grand Prix
20 1989 Spanish Grand Prix
21 1990 United States Grand Prix
22 1990 Monaco Grand Prix
23 1990 Canadian Grand Prix
24 1990 German Grand Prix
25 1990 Belgian Grand Prix

Career ResultsEdit

Complete Formula One results
Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Pts Pos
1984 Flag of Brazil Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Belgium Flag of San Marino Flag of France Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of the United States Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Italy Flag of Europe Flag of Portugal 13 9th
Ret 6th 6th DNQ Ret 2nd
7th Ret Ret 3rd Ret Ret Ret Ret 3rd
1985 Flag of Brazil Flag of Portugal Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of France Flag of the United Kingdom Flag of Germany Flag of Austria Flag of the Netherlands Flag of Italy Flag of Belgium Flag of Europe Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Australia 38 4th
Ret 1st 7th Ret 16th Ret Ret 10th Ret 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 2nd Ret Ret
1986 Flag of Brazil Flag of Spain Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Belgium Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Mexico Flag of Australia 55 4th
2nd 1st Ret 3rd 2nd 5th 1st Ret Ret 2nd 2nd Ret Ret 4th 3rd Ret
1987 Flag of Brazil Flag of San Marino Flag of Belgium Flag of Monaco Flag of the United States Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Austria Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Spain Flag of Mexico Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 57 3rd
Ret 2nd Ret 1st 1st 4th 3rd 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 7th 5th Ret 2nd DSQ
1988 Flag of Brazil Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Mexico Flag of Canada Flag of the United States Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Spain Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 90 (94)[3] 1st
DSQ 1st Ret 2nd 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 10th 6th 4th 1st 2nd
1989 Flag of Brazil Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Mexico Flag of the United States Flag of Canada Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Spain Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 60 2nd
11th 1st 1st 1st Ret 7th Ret Ret 1st 2nd 1st Ret Ret 1st DSQ Ret
1990 Flag of the United States Flag of Brazil Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of Mexico Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Spain Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 78 1st
1st 3rd Ret 1st 1st 20th 3rd 3rd 1st 2nd 1st 1st 2nd Ret Ret Ret
1991 Flag of the United States Flag of Brazil Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of Mexico Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Spain Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 96 1st
1st 1st 1st 1st Ret 3rd 3rd 4th 7th 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 5th 2nd 1st
1992 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Mexico Flag of Brazil Flag of Spain Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 50 4th
3rd Ret Ret 9th 3rd 1st Ret Ret Ret 2nd 1st 5th 1st 3rd Ret Ret
1993 Flag of South Africa 1928-1994 Flag of Brazil Flag of Europe Flag of San Marino Flag of Spain Flag of Monaco Flag of Canada Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 73 2nd
2nd 1st 1st Ret 2nd 1st 18th 4th 5th 4th Ret 4th Ret Ret 1st 1st
1994 Flag of Brazil Flag of the Pacific Community Flag of San Marino Flag of Monaco Flag of Spain Flag of Canada Flag of France Flag of Great Britain Flag of Germany Flag of Hungary Flag of Belgium Flag of Italy Flag of Portugal Flag of Europe Flag of Japan Flag of Australia 0 NC
Ret Ret Ret[5]
Symbol Meaning Symbol Meaning
1stWinner Ret Retired
2ndPodium finish DSQ Disqualified
3rd DNQ Did not qualify
5thPoints finish DNPQ Did not pre-qualify
14thNon-points finish TD Test driver
NCNon-classified finish (<90% race distance) DNS Did not start more symbols


  1. Only 610 of Senna's 614 points counted towards the World Drivers' Championships, since only the best 11 points finishes in a season were counted between 1985 and 1990
  2. Race stopped after 31/76 Laps. Half points awarded
  3. Only a drivers' best 11 results counted towards the Drivers' World Championship. Senna scored 94 points during the season, of which 90 counted towards the Championship standings.
  4. Race stopped after 14/81 Laps. Half points awarded
  5. Fatally injured in a heavy crash at turn 2 on lap 6.

External linksEdit

V T E List of World Drivers' Champions
1950: Guiseppe Farina
1951: Juan Manuel Fangio
1952: Alberto Ascari
1953: Alberto Ascari
1954: Juan Manuel Fangio
1955: Juan Manuel Fangio
1956: Juan Manuel Fangio
1957: Juan Manuel Fangio
1958: Mike Hawthorn
1959: Jack Brabham
1960: Jack Brabham
1961: Phil Hill
1962: Graham Hill
1963: Jim Clark
1964: John Surtees
1965: Jim Clark
1966: Jack Brabham
1967: Denny Hulme
1968: Graham Hill
1969: Jackie Stewart
1970: Jochen Rindt
1971: Jackie Stewart
1972: Emerson Fittipaldi
1973: Jackie Stewart
1974: Emerson Fittipaldi
1975: Niki Lauda
1976: James Hunt
1977: Niki Lauda
1978: Mario Andretti
1979: Jody Scheckter
1980: Alan Jones
1981: Nelson Piquet
1982: Keke Rosberg
1983: Nelson Piquet
1984: Niki Lauda
1985: Alain Prost
1986: Alain Prost
1987: Nelson Piquet
1988: Ayrton Senna
1989: Alain Prost
1990: Ayrton Senna
1991: Ayrton Senna
1992: Nigel Mansell
1993: Alain Prost
1994: Michael Schumacher
1995: Michael Schumacher
1996: Damon Hill
1997: Jacques Villeneuve
1998: Mika Häkkinen
1999: Mika Häkkinen
2000: Michael Schumacher
2001: Michael Schumacher
2002: Michael Schumacher
2003: Michael Schumacher
2004: Michael Schumacher
2005: Fernando Alonso
2006: Fernando Alonso
2007: Kimi Räikkönen
2008: Lewis Hamilton
2009: Jenson Button
2010: Sebastian Vettel
2011: Sebastian Vettel
2012: Sebastian Vettel
2013: Sebastian Vettel
V T E List of World Drivers' Championship runners-up
1950: Juan Manuel Fangio
1951: Alberto Ascari
1952: Giuseppe Farina
1953: Juan Manuel Fangio
1954: José Froilán González
1955: Stirling Moss
1956: Stirling Moss
1957: Stirling Moss
1958: Stirling Moss
1959: Tony Brooks
1960: Bruce McLaren
1961: Wolfgang von Trips
1962: Jim Clark
1963: Graham Hill
1964: Graham Hill
1965: Graham Hill
1966: John Surtees
1967: Jack Brabham
1968: Jackie Stewart
1969: Jacky Ickx
1970: Jacky Ickx
1971: Ronnie Peterson
1972: Jackie Stewart
1973: Emerson Fittipaldi
1974: Clay Regazzoni
1975: Emerson Fittipaldi
1976: Niki Lauda
1977: Jody Scheckter
1978: Ronnie Peterson
1979: Gilles Villeneuve
1980: Nelson Piquet
1981: Carlos Reutemann
1982: Didier Pironi
1983: Alain Prost
1984: Alain Prost
1985: Michele Alboreto
1986: Nigel Mansell
1987: Nigel Mansell
1988: Alain Prost
1989: Ayrton Senna
1990: Alain Prost
1991: Nigel Mansell
1992: Riccardo Patrese
1993: Ayrton Senna
1994: Damon Hill
1995: Damon Hill
1996: Jacques Villeneuve
1997: Heinz-Harald Frentzen*
1998: Michael Schumacher
1999: Eddie Irvine
2000: Mika Häkkinen
2001: David Coulthard
2002: Rubens Barrichello
2003: Kimi Räikkönen
2004: Rubens Barrichello
2005: Kimi Räikkönen
2006: Michael Schumacher
2007: Lewis Hamilton
2008: Felipe Massa
2009: Sebastian Vettel
2010: Fernando Alonso
2011: Jenson Button
2012: Fernando Alonso
2013: Fernando Alonso
* Michael Schumacher was disqualified from the 1997 championship.
V T E F1 drivers killed while racing
1952: Cameron Earl
1953: Chet Miller
1954: Onofre Marimón
1955: Manny Ayulo
1955: Bill Vukovich
1957: Eugenio Castellotti
1957: Keith Andrews
1958: Pat O'Connor
1958: Luigi Musso
1958: Peter Collins
1958: Stuart Lewis-Evans
1959: Jerry Unser Jr.
1959: Bob Cortner
1960: Chris Bristow
1960: Alan Stacey
1961: Giulio Cabianca
1961: Wolfgang von Trips
1964: Carel Godin de Beaufort
1966: John Taylor
1967: Lorenzo Bandini
1967: Bob Anderson
1968: Jo Schlesser
1969: Gerhard Mitter
1970: Piers Courage
1970: Jochen Rindt
1973: Roger Williamson
1973: François Cevert
1974: Peter Revson
1974: Helmuth Koinigg
1975: Mark Donohue
1977: Tom Pryce
1978: Ronnie Peterson
1980: Patrick Depailler
1982: Gilles Villeneuve
1982: Riccardo Paletti
1986: Elio de Angelis
1994: Roland Ratzenberger
1994: Ayrton Senna
See also: List of fatal accidents
V T E Brazil Ayrton Senna
1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994
Season Reports
1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994
Toleman (1984) • Lotus (1985–1987) • McLaren (1988–1993) • Williams (1994)
Johnny Cecotto (1984) • Stefan Johansson (1984) • Elio de Angelis (1985) • Johnny Dumfries (1986) • Satoru Nakajima (1987) • Alain Prost (1988–1989) • Gerhard Berger (1990–1992) • Michael Andretti (1993) • Mika Häkkinen (1993) • Damon Hill (1994)
Nigel Mansell • Alain Prost
Other pages
Bruno (nephew) • Statistics • Teammate comparison • Category
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