Fandom

The Formula 1 Wiki

Autodromo Nazionale Monza

2,377pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

The Autodromo Nazionale Monza is a permanent racing circuit which currently hosts the Italian Grand Prix. The Italian Grand Prix has been held at Monza annually since the Formula 1 Championship was founded in 1950, except for 1980 (when it was held at Imola). Originally opened in 1922, it closed down during World War II, and did not re-open until 1948. It has a high banked oval (that has not been used in a F1 race since 1961, although a portion of the film Grand Prix was filmed there), a road course for F1 cars, and a smaller junior circuit.


Circuit LayoutsEdit

Monza is a complex with two major (and overlapping) components: the boomerang-shaped road course, varying in length over the years between 5.7 and 6.3 km; and the high speed oval, originally slightly banked asphalt, but with huge banked concrete curves built in 1955, only to be abandoned less than 15 years later.

PreviousEdit

1922-1928Edit

Monza 1922

The 'Full Course' in 1922

The circuit was constructed in a royal park just north of the town of Monza in the spring of 1922. The original plans called for a wide variety of roads and curves, but this soon ran into opposition, because of the proposed removal of most of the trees and foliage of the park. A compromise was hammered out, where the speed oval and some connecting roads would be constructed, along with upgrading several of the existing roads and paths in the park. The track was constructed in 110 days, using 3,500 workers, with the majority of the focus on the banked oval. After the road surface was completed, it was allowed to cure over the summer, a novel concept for the time. On August 20, several local drivers took turns driving Fiats around the track as officials made speeches and fans gawked at the wonderful new track.

What they saw was a 10 km long (now believed to be somewhat shorter than that) road/oval combination. The front straight was enormous, close to 100 meters wide. And it was necessary, as the cars went by twice in the course of a lap. A full lap would start on the driver's left side of the front straight, then went down to the Curva Grande and on to the road circuit. After having passed under one of the banked turns on the back part of the circuit, the cars returned after having negotiated a semicircular Parabolica corner, somewhat north of the current one. They were now driving down the right side of the front straight, and just past the pits, entered the first of the two 180° wide banked curves, one of which passes over the road course using a small bridge. The cars exited the second banked corner on the left side of the front straight, thus completing a lap.

Three weeks after the grand opening, the Italian Grand Prix was held. It was won by Pietro Bordino, driving a Fiat 804. Bordino also recorded the fastest lap, at 4:05.0. Another, less positive Monza custom was started that weekend, when German driver Gregor Kuhn was killed, after he lost control and crashed into some trees.

CurrentEdit

Monza2000

The current circuit, which has been used since 2000, features the Road Course layout without using the banked oval. The 5.8 km circuit is the fastest on the current calendar in terms of average speed.

The circuit starts with a long run from the start/finish line to Variante del Rettifilo, a slow right-left-right chicane, which leads directly into Curva Grande, a long, fast right hand sweeping corner taken at up to 210 mph. Braking for Variante del Roggia is tricky in the shadows of the bridge and trees, and this left-right chicane requires accurate braking. Out of Roggia is a short run to the double-right-hand Curva di Lesmo, a tricky double corner which requires the use of all of the track. A good exit from the second Lesmo corner is necessary to maximise speed down the bumpy straight leading to Variante Ascari. In 2011, this straight was the first of two DRS zones on the Monza circuit. Ascari is a fast left-right-left chicane where all the run-off is used on exit. This leads to a long straight and a tricky braking point for Curva de Parabolica a parabolic 180° corner with gravel on the outside. A good exit is essential to help with the run to the start-finish line.

Grand Prix Winners at MonzaEdit

Year Driver Constructor Report
1922 Italy Pietro Bordino Italy Fiat Report
1923 Italy Carlo Salamano Italy Fiat Report
1924 Italy Antonio Ascari Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1925 Italy Gastone Brilli-Peri Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1926 France Louis Charavel France Bugatti Report
1927 France Robert Benoist France Delage Report
1928 Monaco Louis Chiron France Bugatti Report
1931 Italy Giuseppe Campari
Italy Tazio Nuvolari
Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1932 Italy Tazio Nuvolari Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1933 Italy Luigi Fagioli Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1934 Italy Luigi Fagioli
Germany Rudolf Caracciola
Germany Mercedes Report
1935 Germany Hans Stuck Germany Auto Union Report
1936 Germany Bernd Rosemeyer Germany Auto Union Report
1938 Italy Tazio Nuvolari Germany Auto Union Report
1949 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Report
1950 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1951 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Report
1952 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari Report
1953 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Maserati Report
1954 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
1955 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
1956 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
1957 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Vanwall Report
1958 United Kingdom Tony Brooks United Kingdom Vanwall Report
1959 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Cooper-Climax Report
1960 United States Phil Hill Italy Ferrari Report
1961 United States Phil Hill Italy Ferrari Report
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill United Kingdom BRM Report
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark United Kingdom Lotus-Climax Report
1964 United Kingdom John Surtees Italy Ferrari Report
1965 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart United Kingdom BRM Report
1966 Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti Italy Ferrari Report
1967 United Kingdom John Surtees Japan Honda Report
1968 New Zealand Denny Hulme United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Report
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart France Matra-Ford Report
1970 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari Report
1971 United Kingdom Peter Gethin United Kingdom BRM Report
1972 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
1973 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
1974 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
1975 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari Report
1976 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom March-Ford Report
1977 United States Mario Andretti United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Report
1978 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Brabham-Alfa Romeo Report
1979 South Africa Jody Scheckter Italy Ferrari Report
1981 France Alain Prost France Renault Report
1982 France René Arnoux France Renault Report
1983 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-BMW Report
1984 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Report
1985 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-TAG Report
1986 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda Report
1987 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Williams-Honda Report
1988 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Alfa Romeo Report
1989 France Alain Prost United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
1990 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
1991 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
1992 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
1993 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
1994 United Kingdom Damon Hill United Kingdom Williams-Renault Report
1995 United Kingdom Johnny Herbert United Kingdom Benetton-Renault Report
1996 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
1997 United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
1998 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
1999 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen Ireland Jordan-Mugen-Honda Report
2000 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2001 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom Williams-BMW Report
2002 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2004 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
2005 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2006 Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2007 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2008 Germany Sebastian Vettel United Kingdom McLaren-Honda Report
2009 Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom Brawn-Mercedes Report
2010 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom Ferrari Report
2011 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2012 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
2013 Germany Sebastian Vettel Austria Red Bull-Renault Report
2014 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2015 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes Report
2016 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes Report

NotesEdit


V T E Circuits
AdelaideAidaAin-DiabAintreeAlbert ParkAnderstorpAustinAVUSBakuBarcelonaBoavistoBrands HatchBremgartenBuddhBuenos AiresCaesars PalaceClermont-FerrandDetroitDijonDoningtonEast LondonEstorilFair ParkFujiHockenheimHungaroringImolaIndianapolisIstanbulJacarepaguáJaramaJerezKyalamiLe MansLong BeachMagny-CoursMarina BayMexico CityMonsantoMonte CarloMontjuïcMont-TremblantMontrealMonzaMosportNivelles-BaulersNürburgringPaul RicardPedralbesPescaraPhoenixRed Bull RingReimsRiversideRouenSakhirSão PauloSebringSepangShanghaiSilverstoneSochiSpa-FrancorchampsSuzukaValenciaWatkins GlenYas MarinaYeongamZandvoortZeltwegZolder
Bold indicates a circuit on the 2017 calendar; italics indicates a circuit scheduled on the 2018 calendar.
The Red Bull Ring was previously known as the "A1-Ring" and before that the "Österreichring".
Italy Italian Grand Prix
Circuits Monza (1950 - 1979, 1981 - Present), Imola (1980)
Monza2000
Races 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961 • 1962 • 1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 • 1967 • 1968 • 1969 • 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016


v·d·e Nominate this page for Featured Article

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.