The Autódromo do Estoril (officially, Autódromo Fernanda Pires da Silva) is a former Formula One venue in Portugal. The circuit hosted F1 from 1984 to 1996, but the various ownership groups have long had difficulties maintaining current safety standards, and the track is rarely used for major racing in recent years.
The circuit was built in 1971-72 on a rocky plateau, a few km uphill from the beach resort of Estoril, near the village of Alcabideche. It was designed for several different configurations, but only the long Grand Prix circuit has seen extensive use. The first years saw a number of races, including visits by the Formula Two series, but the management company was taken over by the military dictatorship, and the track was abandoned and fell into disrepair.
New ownership in the early 1980s was able to refurbish the track, and Formula One made it's first appearance in 1984.
Previous Layouts Edit
The original design started with an irregular oval track of approximately 2.5 km in length, and on a fairly small plot of land. There were two additional sections: a boomerang-shaped loop through the infield, and a rough triangle outside of the oval. Either could be used for a meeting, but the primary circuit included both, with the cars briefly running the 'wrong way' on the backstretch of the oval.
Start/finish and the pits are on a straightaway of almost exactly one km. At the end, the cars made a pair of sweeping 90° right turns, with a short straight between. Then down the back straight to a tight 160° right into the 'boomerang' section, followed quickly by a 180° left. A 1⁄2 km straight with a right hand dogleg ran just behind the paddock, ending in another tight 180° left.
The following is a list of Formula One World Championship events held at the Autódromo do Estoril:
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