Anderson or Andersson may refer to:
- Bob Anderson (1931–1967), British motorcycle and car racing driver who competed in Formula One from 1963 to 1967. He was killed while testing in 1967.
- Conny Andersson (born 1939), Swedish racing driver who competed in Formula One in 1976 and 1977, with one start.
- Gary Anderson (born 1951), British semi-retired F1 designer, most notably for the Jordan team. Currently works as a technical analyst for the Autosport.