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The 2016 Belgian Grand Prix (officially the 2016 Formula 1 Belgian Grand Prix)[1] was the thirteenth race of the 2016 Formula One season, and the sixtieth time the Belgian Grand Prix was held on the Formula One calendar. It was held between 26 August and 28 August 2016.


BackgroundEdit

After the German Grand Prix, Lewis Hamilton led the Drivers' Championship with 217 points, 19 points ahead of his teammate Nico Rosberg. The rest of the top five remained unchanged, as Daniel Ricciardo was still third with 133 points, Kimi Räikkönen fourth and eleven points behind Ricciardo, and Sebastian Vettel another two points behind.[2] Once again, Mercedes led the Constructors' Championship with 415 points. Red Bull moved ahead of Ferrari to be second in the standings, and 159 points behind Mercedes. Williams were far behind, having only 96 points after having poor results in all the races in July. Force India were fifth, just fifteen points behind Williams.[3]

During the summer break, Manor confirmed that Esteban Ocon would replace Rio Haryanto at the Belgian Grand Prix, after Haryanto's sponsorship had financial problems. However, they also confirmed that Haryanto would remain as their reserve driver.[4]

Driver tyre choices
Team Driver Pirelli supersoft symbol Pirelli soft symbol Pirelli medium symbol Driver Pirelli supersoft symbol Pirelli soft symbol Pirelli medium symbol
Mercedes Hamilton 4 6 3 Rosberg 4 5 4
Ferrari Vettel 7 5 1 Räikkönen 7 5 1
Williams Bottas 7 3 3 Massa 7 3 3
Red Bull Ricciardo 6 3 4 Verstappen 6 3 4
Renault Magnussen 7 3 3 Palmer 7 3 3
Force India Hülkenberg 6 4 3 Pérez 6 4 3
Toro Rosso Kvyat 7 4 2 Sainz 7 4 2
McLaren Alonso 6 4 3 Button 6 4 3
Sauber Ericsson 7 5 1 Nasr 7 5 1
Manor Wehrlein 5 4 4 Ocon 5 4 4
Haas Grosjean 7 4 2 Gutiérrez 7 5 1

Medium, soft and supersoft tyres were used in the Grand Prix, which it marked the first time supersofts were used in the Belgian Grand Prix. However, Mercedes chose the fewest sets of supersofts, being four compared to the other teams using either five, six or seven.[5]

Pirelli also made an announcement that they would have two sets of prototype tyres available for the teams to use in Friday practice in Belgium, to see if they were as fast as the original tyres, but more resistant to causing accidents involving kerbs and other parts around the track.[6]

On 25 August 2016, Hamilton announced that his fifth engine had already given up after the previous race in Germany, and that he would use a sixth engine in Belgium, though it meant he would have to take a grid penalty, since drivers in the 2016 season were only allowed to use up to five engines without a penalty.[7][8]

Renault refused to immediately reveal who would drive for them in 2017, as team principal Fred Vasseur stated that the lineup could perhaps be revealed in early September.[9]

One week before Friday practice, gaming company Codemasters released the F1 2016 video game on 19 August for PlayStation 4, Xbox One and Windows.[10]

Several drivers also mentioned how much they loved the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, and that they would be trying to get the right setups for the Grand Prix.[11][12] Plus, Verstappen expected to have a lot of fans from the Netherlands coming to the circuit to support him throughout the weekend.[13]

Sauber also introduced their first updates on the C35.[14]

Entry listEdit

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes W07 Hybrid Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
6 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes W07 Hybrid Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
5 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF16-H Ferrari 059/5 P
7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari SF16-H Ferrari 059/5 P
19 Brazil Felipe Massa United Kingdom Williams Martini Racing Williams FW38 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
77 Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Williams Martini Racing Williams FW38 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull Racing Red Bull RB12 TAG Heuer TAG Heuer P
33 Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull Racing Red Bull RB12 TAG Heuer TAG Heuer P
27 Germany Nico Hülkenberg India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India VJM09 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
11 Mexico Sergio Pérez India Sahara Force India F1 Team Force India VJM09 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
20 Denmark Kevin Magnussen France Renault Sport F1 Team Renault RS16 Renault RE16 P
30 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer France Renault Sport F1 Team Renault RS16 Renault RE16 P
26 Russia Daniil Kvyat Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso STR11 Ferrari 059/4 P
55 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. Italy Scuderia Toro Rosso Toro Rosso STR11 Ferrari 059/4 P
9 Sweden Marcus Ericsson Switzerland Sauber F1 Team Sauber C35 Ferrari 059/5 P
12 Brazil Felipe Nasr Switzerland Sauber F1 Team Sauber C35 Ferrari 059/5 P
14 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom McLaren Honda McLaren MP4-31 Honda RA616H P
22 United Kingdom Jenson Button United Kingdom McLaren Honda McLaren MP4-31 Honda RA616H P
94 Germany Pascal Wehrlein United Kingdom Manor Racing MRT Manor MRT05 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
31 France Esteban Ocon United Kingdom Manor Racing MRT Manor MRT05 Mercedes PU106C Hybrid P
8 France Romain Grosjean United States Haas F1 Team Haas VF-16 Ferrari 059/5 P
21 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez United States Haas F1 Team Haas VF-16 Ferrari 059/5 P
source

Practice OverviewEdit

FP1Edit

For the first practice session, Mercedes confirmed that Rosberg had his fourth power unit fitted, while Hamilton had several engine part changes gone over the allowance, meaning that he would have a fifteen-place grid penalty at the time. At the start of the session, Rosberg tested the "halo" system that was being considered for future use in protecting drivers from flying debris. He also tested Pirelli's prototype tyres, and soon went fastest with a time of 1:48.348 on supersoft tyres, while Hamilton was second fastest. Räikkönen followed them, but he and Vettel were both separated by Pérez's lap time that put him fourth. Gutiérrez was tenth fastest for the Haas team, but McLaren were outside the top ten, as Button was only eighteenth after saying that his car's gearbox had oscillations, while Alonso failed to set a time within three laps, due to his car suffering a water leak while he was on the track. On his debut, Ocon went sixteenth, while Wehrlein was only nineteenth on prototypes.[15] Nasr, who was fifteenth, was spotted speeding in the pit lane, resulting in Sauber being fined €1,000.[16]

After the session, Mercedes confirmed that Hamilton's car had been fitted with its seventh turbocharger and MGU-H of 2016, meaning that Hamilton had another fifteen places added to his penalty, which would put him at the back of the grid no matter where he qualified. McLaren had to fix Alonso's car by fitting a sixth ICE, MGU-H, MGU-K, turbo, control electronics and energy store. All of these resulted in Alonso getting a 35-place grid penalty to join Hamilton at the back, while Ericsson was given a ten-place grid penalty for using his sixth turbocharger of the season.[17]

FP2Edit

Rosberg set a time of 1:49.161, running on softs rather than supersofts. Running on mediums, Hamilton was temporarily fastest with a time of 1:49.782, before others moved up. Hamilton and Vettel were a couple who complained about tyre vibrations after running for between twelve and fourteen laps. Once again, some drivers used the prototype tyres at one point in the session. Verstappen was fastest in the session, running on supersofts and setting a time of 1:48.085, while teammate Ricciardo was second fastest. Vettel, meanwhile, was put into a Force India sandwich, as Hülkenberg and Pérez were third and fifth respectively, and Vettel had a couple of laps where he made mistakes. The session ended with Rosberg and Hamilton being sixth and thirteenth respectively, while McLaren had a better run with Alonso, who went twelfth fastest, and Button was ninth between the Haas drivers Grosjean and Gutiérrez.[18]

FP3Edit

In the third practice session, Räikkönen was fastest out of every driver, with a time of 1:47.974. Vettel was only third, as Ricciardo was faster than him in the session. Verstappen failed to set a time following a gearbox issue. Surprisingly, the Williams team got into the top five after failing to finish high up in the previous four races, as Bottas went fourth fastest, while Massa was eighth.[19] At one point, Wehrlein was trying to get past Gutiérrez at Turn 4, but Gutiérrez was driving slowly and on the racing line, which forced Wehrlein to go onto the grass. The stewards soon gave Gutiérrez a five-place grid penalty plus three penalty points for the incident. A similar incident occurred between Magnussen and Vettel, but that one had no further action from the stewards.[20] Once again, the Mercedes drivers were not in the top three, as Hamilton did most of the session at race pace on softs, and only managed to do one quick lap time on supersofts around three seconds before the chequered flag was waved. He also had another new engine and others fitted to his car, meaning his penalty would count fifty-five places.[19]

Practice ResultsEdit

NoDriverTeamFP1 FP2 FP3
TimePosTimePosTimePos
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 1:49.782 6 1:48.341 2 1:48.189 2
5 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari 1:49.768 5 1:49.023 4 1:48.297 3
6 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes 1:48.348 1 1:49.161 6 1:48.742 7
7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Ferrari 1:49.147 3 1:49.244 7 1:47.974 1
8 France Romain Grosjean United States Haas-Ferrari 1:50.899 11 1:49.419 8 1:49.272 10
9 Sweden Marcus Ericsson Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 1:51.125 13 1:50.083 15 1:51.319 21
11 Mexico Sergio Pérez India Force India-Mercedes 1:49.274 4 1:49.100 5 1:48.915 9
12 Brazil Felipe Nasr Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 1:51.768 15 1:50.719 22 1:50.420 19
14 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom McLaren-Honda No Time 22 1:49.772 12 1:49.453 11
19 Brazil Felipe Massa United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 1:51.122 12 1:50.157 17 1:48.783 8
20 Denmark Kevin Magnussen France Renault 1:53.053 20 1:50.375 19 1:49.716 14
21 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez United States Haas-Ferrari 1:50.583 10 1:49.648 10 1:49.631 12
22 United Kingdom Jenson Button United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1:52.407 18 1:49.419 9 1:49.665 13
26 Russia Daniil Kvyat Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 1:52.308 17 1:49.916 14 1:50.023 16
27 Germany Nico Hülkenberg India Force India-Mercedes 1:50.088 8 1:48.657 3 1:48.739 6
30 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer France Renault 1:53.089 21 1:50.562 20 1:50.241 18
31 France Esteban Ocon United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 1:51.787 16 1:50.659 21 1:50.693 20
33 Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 1:49.865 7 1:48.085 1 No Time 22
44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes 1:49.078 2 1:49.782 13 1:48.635 5
55 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 1:51.424 14 1:50.194 18 1:50.078 17
77 Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 1:50.394 9 1:50.151 16 1:48.504 4
94 Germany Pascal Wehrlein United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 1:52.837 19 1:49.716 11 1:49.761 15
Source: [21][22][23]

QualifyingEdit

Q1Edit

Knowing that he would start at the back anyway, but that he needed to get within 107 per cent of the fastest time in Q1, Hamilton did at least one flying lap on softs, being 1:50.033. Alonso, however, could not set a lap time, as his car stopped beside the track during his out lap.[24] After mistakenly leaving the track and rejoining with the possibility of gaining an advantage, Nasr and Magnussen had to go out again to set clean lap after their previous ones were deleted.[25] As Q1 ended, Massa surprisingly set the quickest lap time ahead of Vettel, Räikkönen and Rosberg. As Rosberg was on soft tyres, the other three were faster than him with sets of supersofts. Nasr, Ocon, Kvyat, Ericsson, Hamilton and Alonso were all knocked out in the session.[24]

Q2Edit

Going on softs so to try and get the fastest time and use those softs at the start of the race, Rosberg was fastest with a time of 1:46.999. Verstappen followed, using a set of supersofts which he would have to start the race on. Ricciardo and the Ferraris all went on softs in Q2, and managed to stay out of trouble of getting into the knockout zone. Both Williams and Force India qualified for the top ten, and Button made a lap fast enough for him to get into tenth place. The drivers who did not make it into the top ten were: Grosjean, Magnussen, Gutiérrez, Palmer, Sainz and Wehrlein. Gutiérrez dropped down to eighteenth thanks to his five-place grid penalty that he awarded in FP3.[24]

Q3Edit

Unsurprisingly, Rosberg set the fastest lap of Q3, and took pole position, which meant he was sharing the Pole Position Trophy with Hamilton. Verstappen was second on the grid, marking the first time he was on the front row, along with breaking the record of being the youngest front-row starter, set previously by Ricardo Rodríguez in the 1961 Italian Grand Prix. Verstappen was also the first Dutchman to qualify on the front row. Räikkönen, who went wide at Stavelot on his first lap, out-qualified Vettel, who complained about losing the back end at the end of his lap. Ricciardo was unable to beat the Ferraris, and Pérez and Hülkenberg qualified sixth and seventh respectively. Williams could not repeat Massa's time in Q1, as they had issues with their engine software. In the end, Bottas qualified eighth, and Massa tenth behind Button.[24][26]

Post-qualifyingEdit

After qualifying, McLaren discovered that Alonso's car had low oil pressure after final practice, and tried to get it sorted in time for qualifying, but there was no improvement. It meant McLaren had to replace a couple of Alonso's engine parts again, making his penalty worth sixty places.[27] Nevertheless, the stewards allowed Alonso to take part in the race due to having took part in practice.[28]

Meanwhile, Räikkönen stated that if he had not gone wide, he might have got pole, saying that he lost two tenths at the Bus Stop chicane.[29]

Ricciardo, however, felt he was confident that Hamilton would not catch up to him and the rest of the top five if they had a clean race and not held up in traffic,[27] while Hamilton himself said that it would be a difficult race for him, and that he was not sure how likely it would be to get into the top ten, as he would risk his tyres losing grip while stuck behind other drivers: "I envisage it will be hard to get into the top 10. All I can do is to aim as high as possible. A podium feels unlikely but it's not impossible. With these tyres the way they are, which is a bit of a mess, it is going to be tough out there for everyone. It's a long race. I don't have to go crazy at the start. That's the same whenever we start at the back. There were failures last year and they didn't want failures this year so they put the pressures up to 23, 24psi whatever it is. It's so high. I have never seen pressures like that my whole racing career. That doesn't help. It is going to be a very, very hard race. Being this hot it is going to be hard to follow. Being in the traffic it is going to be hard to get to my stop target, or go longer than the guys in front of me. But I hope I prove myself wrong and I hope I'm pleasantly surprised."[30]

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Team Q1 Q2 Q3 Grid
Pos Time Pos Time Pos Time
1 6 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes 41:48.019 11:46.999 11:46.744 1
2 33 Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 71:48.407 21:47.163 21:46.893 2
3 7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Ferrari 31:47.912 51:47.664 31:46.910 3
4 5 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari 21:47.802 81:47.944 41:47.108 4
5 3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 81:48.407 91:48.027 51:47.216 5
6 11 Mexico Sergio Pérez India Force India-Mercedes 61:48.106 41:47.485 61:47.407 6
7 27 Germany Nico Hülkenberg India Force India-Mercedes 51:48.080 31:47.317 71:47.543 7
8 77 Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 101:48.655 71:47.918 81:47.612 8
9 22 United Kingdom Jenson Button United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 111:48.700 101:48.051 91:48.114 9
10 19 Brazil Felipe Massa United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 11:47.738 61:47.667 101:48.263 10
11 8 France Romain Grosjean United States Haas-Ferrari 131:48.751 111:48.316 11
12 20 Denmark Kevin Magnussen France Renault 141:48.800 121:48.485 12
13 21 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez United States Haas-Ferrari 121:48.748 131:48.598 18*
14 30 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer France Renault 161:48.901 141:48.888 13
15 55 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 151:48.876 151:49.038 14
16 94 Germany Pascal Wehrlein United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 91:48.554 161:49.320 15
17 12 Brazil Felipe Nasr Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 171:48.949 16
18 31 France Esteban Ocon United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 181:49.050 17
19 26 Russia Daniil Kvyat Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 191:49.058 19
20 9 Sweden Marcus Ericsson Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 201:49.071 20
21 44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes 211:50.033 21
107% time: 1:55.279
NC 14 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 22no time 22§
Source: [31]
  • * Gutiérrez was given a five-place grid penalty for blocking Wehrlein during Saturday practice.[20]
  • Ericsson was given a ten-place grid penalty for using more than five turbochargers during the season.[17]
  • Hamilton was given a 60-place grid penalty for using a sixth engine, sixth MGU-K, eighth MGU-H, and an eighth turbocharger, and having a seal from his gearbox removed.[19][32]
  • § Alonso was given a 60-place grid penalty for changes to his ICE, MGU-H, MGU-K, turbo, control electronics and energy store.[17][27]

GridEdit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Nico Rosberg
Max Verstappen ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Kimi Räikkönen
Sebastian Vettel ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Daniel Ricciardo
Sergio Pérez ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Nico Hülkenberg
Valtteri Bottas ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Jenson Button
Valtteri Bottas ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Romain Grosjean
Kevin Magnussen ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Jolyon Palmer
Carlos Sainz, Jr. ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Pascal Wehrlein
Felipe Nasr ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Esteban Ocon
Esteban Gutiérrez* ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Daniil Kvyat
Marcus Ericsson ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Lewis Hamilton
Fernando Alonso§ ______________

Source

  • * Gutiérrez was given a five-place grid penalty for blocking Wehrlein during Saturday practice.[20]
  • Ericsson was given a ten-place grid penalty for using more than five turbochargers during the season.[17]
  • Hamilton was given a 60-place grid penalty for using a sixth engine, sixth MGU-K, eighth MGU-H, and an eighth turbocharger, and having a seal from his gearbox removed.[19][32]
  • § Alonso was given a 60-place grid penalty for changes to his ICE, MGU-H, MGU-K, turbo, control electronics and energy store.[17][27]

RaceEdit

ReportEdit

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 6 Germany Nico Rosberg Germany Mercedes 44 1h 44m 51.058s 1 25
2 3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 44 +14.113 5 18
3 44 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton Germany Mercedes 44 +27.634 21 15
4 27 Germany Nico Hülkenberg India Force India-Mercedes 44 +35.907 7 12
5 11 Mexico Sergio Pérez India Force India-Mercedes 44 +40.660 6 10
6 5 Germany Sebastian Vettel Italy Ferrari 44 +45.394 4 8
7 14 Spain Fernando Alonso United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 44 +59.445 22 6
8 77 Finland Valtteri Bottas United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 44 +60.151 8 4
9 7 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Italy Ferrari 44 +61.109 3 2
10 19 Brazil Felipe Massa United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 44 +65.873 10 1
11 33 Netherlands Max Verstappen Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 44 +71.138 2
12 21 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez United States Haas-Ferrari 44 +73.877 18
13 8 France Romain Grosjean United States Haas-Ferrari 44 +76.474 11
14 26 Russia Daniil Kvyat Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 44 +87.097 19
15 30 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer France Renault 44 +93.165 13
16 31 France Esteban Ocon United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 43 +1 Lap 17
17 12 Brazil Felipe Nasr Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 43 +1 Lap 16
Ret 20 Denmark Kevin Magnussen France Renault 5 Accident 12
Ret 9 Sweden Marcus Ericsson Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 3 Gearbox 20
Ret 55 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 1 Puncture damage 14
Ret 22 United Kingdom Jenson Button United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 1 Collision damage 9
Ret 94 Germany Pascal Wehrlein United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 0 Collision 15
Source: [33]

MilestonesEdit

Standings after raceEdit

Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton 232
2 Germany Nico Rosberg 223
3 Australia Daniel Ricciardo 151
4 Germany Sebastian Vettel 128 ▲ 1
5 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 124 ▼ 1
6 Netherlands Max Verstappen 115
7 Finland Valtteri Bottas 62
8 Mexico Sergio Pérez 58
9 Germany Nico Hülkenberg 45 ▲ 1
10 Brazil Felipe Massa 39 ▼ 1
11 Spain Fernando Alonso 30 ▲ 2
12 Spain Carlos Sainz, Jr. 30 ▼ 1
13 France Romain Grosjean 28 ▼ 1
14 Russia Daniil Kvyat 23
15 United Kingdom Jenson Button 17
16 Denmark Kevin Magnussen 6
17 Germany Pascal Wehrlein 1
18 Belgium Stoffel Vandoorne 1
19 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez 0
20 United Kingdom Jolyon Palmer 0
21 Sweden Marcus Ericsson 0
22 Brazil Felipe Nasr 0
23 Indonesia Rio Haryanto 0
24 France Esteban Ocon 0
Source:[34]
Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 Germany Mercedes 455
2 Austria Red Bull-TAG Heuer 274
3 Italy Ferrari 252
4 India Force India-Mercedes 103 ▲ 1
5 United Kingdom Williams-Mercedes 101 ▼ 1
6 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 48 ▲ 1
7 Italy Toro Rosso-Ferrari 45 ▼ 1
8 United States Haas-Ferrari 28
9 France Renault 6
10 United Kingdom Manor-Mercedes 1
11 Switzerland Sauber-Ferrari 0
Source:[34]

NotesEdit

  1. "2016 Formula 1 Belgian Grand Prix". formula1.com. Formula One Administration. http://www.formula1.com/content/fom-website/en/championship/races/2016/Belgium.html. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  2. "2016 Driver Standings". Formula One World Championship Limited. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20160811235312/http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/drivers.html. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  3. "2016 Constructor Standings". Formula One World Championship Limited. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20160811235321/http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/team.html. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  4. 'Ocon replaces Haryanto at Manor', formula1.com, (Formula One Administration, 10/08/2016), http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/ocon-replaces-haryanto-at-manor.html, (Accessed 10/08/2016)
  5. "Mercedes go conservative with Belgian tyre selection". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 5 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/mercedes-go-conservative-with-belgian-tyre-selection.html. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  6. "Teams to test prototype tyres in Belgium". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 25 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/teams-to-test-prototype-tyres-in-belgium.html. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  7. "Hamilton confirms Spa engine penalty". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 25 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/hamilton-confirms-spa-engine-penalty.html. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  8. "Back down to business - exclusive Lewis Hamilton Q&A". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 25 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/interviews/2016/8/back-down-to-business---exclusive-lewis-hamilton-q-a.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  9. "Renault: 2017 driver decision expected early September". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 16 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/renault-2017-driver-decision-expected-early-september.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  10. "Out now - the official F1™ 2016 game". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 19 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/codemasters-launch-f1-2016-game.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  11. "FIA Thursday press conference - Belgium". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 25 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/fia-thursday-press-conference---belgium.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  12. "Belgium preview quotes - Manor, Williams, Sauber, Toro Rosso & more". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 25 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/belgium-preview-quotes.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  13. "Verstappen already a crowd pleaser at 'home' race". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/verstappen-sure-to-be-a-crowd-pleaser-at-home-race-.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  14. Barretto, Lawrence (25 August 2016). "Sauber Formula 1 team brings raft of upgrades to Belgian Grand Prix". Autosport (Francorchamps: Haymarket Media Group). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125845/sauber-brings-raft-of-upgrades-to-spa. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  15. "FP1 - Rosberg dominates opening Spa-Francorchamps session". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/fp1---rosberg-dominates-opening-spa-francorchamps-session.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  16. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix - Stewards' decisions document 8" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 26 August 2016. http://www.fia.com/file/46840/download?token=i1CohYRd. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 "Alonso and Hamilton set to start from back of Spa grid". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/alonso-joins-hamilton--ericsson-on-engine-penalty-list.html. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  18. "FP2 - Verstappen leads Red Bull one-two in Belgium". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/fp2---verstappen-leads-red-bull-one-two-in-belgium.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 "FP3 - Raikkonen on top in Ferrari-Red Bull battle". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/fp3---raikkonen-on-top-in-ferrari-red-bull-battle.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "Gutierrez penalised for impeding Wehrlein in FP3". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/gutierrez-penalised-for-impeding-wehrlein-in-fp3.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  21. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix – Practice 1 results". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/races/949/belgium/practice-1.html. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  22. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix – Practice 2 results". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 26 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/races/949/belgium/practice-2.html. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  23. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix – Practice 3 results". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/races/949/belgium/practice-3.html. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 24.3 "Rosberg beats Verstappen to Spa pole". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/rosberg-beats-verstappen-to-spa-pole.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  25. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix - Stewards' decisions document 32" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 27 August 2016. http://www.fia.com/file/46953/download?token=3l4ogbKl. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  26. Barretto, Lawrence; Parkes, Ian Parkes (27 August 2016). "Misfire forces Williams to change engine settings in Spa qualifying". Autosport (Haymarket Media Group). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125894/engine-problem-hampers-williams-qualifying. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 Parkes, Ian; Freeman, Glenn (27 August 2016). "Hamilton won't catch leaders during Belgian GP, says Ricciardo". Autosport (Haymarket Media Group). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125891/hamilton-wont-catch-leaders--ricciardo. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  28. "2016 Belgian Grand Prix - Stewards' decisions document 33" (PDF). FIA.com. Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 27 August 2016. http://www.fia.com/file/46954/download?token=oEMm0OrS. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  29. "Raikkonen: Final corner cost me pole". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2016/8/raikkonen--final-corner-cost-me-pole.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  30. Benson, Andrew (27 August 2016). "Belgian Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton expecting a 'very, very hard race'". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/formula1/37203953. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  31. "2016 Grand Prix – Qualifying results". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 27 August 2016. http://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/races/949/belgium/qualifying.html. Retrieved 28 August 2016.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Anderson, Ben (28 August 2016). "Mercedes breaks F1 gearbox seal on Hamilton's car". Autosport (Haymarket Media Group). http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125904/mercedes-breaks-hamilton-gearbox-seal. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  33. "Belgium Grand Prix 2016 Race Results". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 28 August 2016. https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2016/races/949/belgium/race-result.html. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  34. 34.0 34.1 Wood, Will (28 August 2016). "2016 Belgian Grand Prix championship points". F1 Fanatic (Will Wood). http://www.f1fanatic.co.uk/2016/08/28/2016-belgian-grand-prix-championship-points/. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
V T E 2016 Formula One Season
Teams Ferrari • Force India • Haas • Manor • McLaren • Mercedes • Red Bull • Renault • Sauber • Toro Rosso • Williams
Engines Ferrari • Honda • Mercedes • Renault • TAG Heuer
Drivers Ricciardo • 5 Vettel • 6 Rosberg • 7 Räikkönen • 8 Grosjean • 9 Ericsson • 11 Pérez • 12 Nasr • 14 Alonso • 19 Massa • 20 Magnussen • 21 Gutiérrez • 22 Button • 26 Kvyat • 27 Hülkenberg • 30 Palmer • 31 Ocon • 33 Verstappen • 44 Hamilton • 47 Vandoorne  • 55 Sainz • 77 Bottas • 88 Haryanto • 94 Wehrlein
Other Drivers Celis • di Resta • Fong • Fuoco • Gasly • Jordá • Kari • King • Leclerc • Lynn • Matsushita • Mazepin • Paffett • Rossi • Stoneman • Stroll • Turvey • Vergne
Cars Ferrari SF16-H • Force India VJM09 • Haas VF-16 • Manor MRT05 • McLaren MP4-31 • Mercedes F1 W07 Hybrid • Red Bull RB12 • Renault RS16 • Sauber C35 • Toro Rosso STR11 • Williams FW38
Tyres Pirelli
Races Australia • Bahrain • China • Russia • Spain • Monaco • Canada • Baku • Austria • Britain • Hungary • Germany • Belgium • Italy • Singapore • Malaysia • Japan • United States • Mexico • Brazil • Abu Dhabi
Tests Paul Ricard • Barcelona: 1 • 2 • 3
See also 2015 Formula One Season • 2017 Formula One Season • Category
V T E Belgium Belgian Grand Prix
Circuits Spa-Francorchamps (1950 - 1970, 1983, 1985 - Present), Nivelles (1972, 1974), Zolder (1973, 1975 - 1982, 1984)
Track map of Spa-Francorchamps in Belgium
Races 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1956 • 1957 • 1958 • 1959 • 1960 • 1961 • 1962 • 1963 • 1964 • 1965 • 1966 • 1967 • 1968 • 1969 • 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016 • 2017 • 2018
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