The 2014 Formula One Season was the 65th season of the FIAFormula One World Championship. The season saw the introduction of the more fuel efficient and environmentally friendly 1.6 litre V6 turbo charged engines, replacing the previous 2.4 litre V8 engines used in the previous season. 2014 was the first season since 1988 in which turbo charged cars are used in the sport.
After an epic season-long battle with Mercedes teammate Nico Rosberg, Lewis Hamilton won the Drivers' Championship by 67 points, though only after Rosberg suffered multiple car issues at the final race, the double-points-paying Abu Dhabi Grand Prix. Hamilton took eleven victories, while Rosberg's eleven poles gave him the Pole Position Trophy. Third in the championship, surprising nearly the entire F1 community, was Daniel Ricciardo, the only driver other than the two Mercedes drivers to win a race. Valtteri Bottas secured six podiums on his way to fourth place in the championship, while reigning World Champion Sebastian Vettel could only make it to fifth in the championship.
Mercedes won the Constructors' Championship, clinching the title at the Russian Grand Prix. The eventual gap to Red Bull-Renault was 296 points. Third-placed Williams-Mercedes saw a long-awaited return to the front of the grid, though they failed to win a race.
Towards the end of the season, both Caterham and Marussia entered administration, causing them to miss both the United States Grand Prix and the Brazilian Grand Prix. Marussia later folded during the latter race, while Caterham returned for the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.
A penalty points system will be introduced, in which if a driver accumulates more than twelve points he will be subject to a one-race ban. The number of points a driver may receive for an infringement ranges between one and three points.
A procedure for a driver to be given a chance to give back any advantage he may have gained by leaving the track has been adopted.
Four two-day mid-season tests are allowed. As a 'trade-off', the number of promotional days is reduced from eight to two and the young driver test is removed, in addition to a reduced amount of wind-tunnel testing and CFD work to reduce costs and to allow teams to potentially share wind tunnels.
Testing of the new power units will be allowed in January 2014.
For safety reasons, all personnel working on a car in a race pit stop will be required to wear head protection.
Each driver will be provided with an extra set of tyres for use in the first 30 minutes of the first practice session to encourage teams to go out on track.
A set of regulations are to be implemented to govern the use of the new power units. Each driver may use maximum five a season without penalty. Usage of extra power units will require the driver to begin from the pit lane. Any changes of individual elements above the permitted five will result in a ten-place grid penalty.
No manufacturer will be allowed to homologate more than one power unit during the homologation period between 2014–2020.
Gearboxes must last for six consecutive races, rather than the current five.
No car may use more than 100kg of fuel for the race, monitored by the use of an FIA approved fuel flow meter.
The pit lane speed limit, set at 60 km/h (37 mph) for practice and 100 km/h (62 mph) for the race (Melbourne, Monaco and Singapore use 60 km/h for the whole event), will be standardized at 80 km/h (50 mph) for the whole event, except for Melbourne, Monaco and Singapore, who will stay at 60 km/h.
Driver numbers will be made permanent to the driver, and will be selected prior to the season, with number 1 reserved for the World Champion (should he choose to use it) and numbers 2 to 99 being available to the rest of the grid.
Penalties of five seconds for minor infringements can now be handed out.
A controversial decision was also made to award double points for the final race of the season.
Qualifying was adjusted slightly, with the first session reduced to 18 minutes from 20 and the final session increased from 10 minutes to 12.
A pole trophy will be awarded to the driver who takes the most pole positions over the course of the season.
From the Singapore Grand Prix, pit-to-car radio communications involving car or driver performance will be banned.
From the United States Grand Prix, an experimental "virtual Safety Car" system is adopted, forcing drivers to slow down in yellow-flag areas.
Measures are to be put in place to stop the 'step' in noses being designed into cars. The tip of nose will be no more than 185 mm above the ground, in comparison to the 550 mm used in 2012 and 2013.
A new engine, or powertrain, is to be introduced.
The old 18,000 rpm 2.4 litre V8 normally aspirated engine will be replaced by a 15,000 rpm 1.6 litre V6 turbocharged engine.
It will be combined with two energy recovery units; the Energy Recovery System – Heat (ERS-H), which uses exhaust gases; and the old KERS, now called the Energy Recovery System – Kinetic (ERS-K). Combined with a larger ERS battery, the systems will provide the cars with an extra 161 bhp (120 kW) for 33 seconds a lap.
The cars are now only allowed 100 kg of fuel for the race, and cannot exceed a fuel flow rate of 100 kg/hour, which is monitored by an FIA sensor.
Drivers must return to the pits under the car's own power and provide the minimum one litre of fuel necessary for post-race scrutineering.
The exhausts have to exit the car angled upwards towards the rear wing, making exhaust-blown diffusers nearly impossible to use.
The minimum weight limit has been increased to 691 kg (from 642 kg) to compensate for the heavier engine.
Electronic control of the rear brake circuit is permitted to ensure consistent braking whilst energy is recovered.
Cars will now have 8-speed gearboxes, with the gear ratios fixed at the beginning of the season. Changes can be made, but these will result in grid penalties being applied.
Dummy camera pods are to be banned, to avoid teams taking advantage of their aerodynamic benefits. Front cameras have to be between 325 and 525 mm above the floor.
In a way it’s a relief today, the fact that we were running, we didn’t have any problems, the balance was good and the performance looked alright. In the end Friday times are not worth a lot, but it’s better to be close to the top rather than somewhere towards the back, so I’m very happy with that. We will do what we can to prepare for tomorrow and Sunday, but let’s see where we are then – the most important thing is that we finish.
In the opening qualifying sesion of the 2014 Formula One season, Lewis Hamilton got pole on a wet track. Daniel Ricciardo in his first race for Red Bull got on the front row after just missing out by only 2 tenths.
Nico Rosberg took home the first race of the season by 26 seconds showed the domiance that the Mercedes F1 W05 would bring in the rounds that was to come. Daniel Ricciardo scored his first podium but would then later be disqualifed after "exceeded consistently the maximum allowed fuel flow of 100 kg/h". Kevin Magnussen would initally score 3rd but after the disqualifcation he moved up to 2nd with Jenson Button moving into the last step on the podium.
Super Licence penalty points are handed out to drivers for illegal actions, such as causing a collision, speeding under the safety car, etc. Drivers can accrue up to twelve points before a one-race ban is implemented, and points remain on the licence for twelve months.