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 The 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix served as the tenth round of the 1991 Formula One Championship, held at the Hungaroring, near the Hungarian capital of Budapest.[1] The paddock was stunned when Bertrand Gachot pushed his Jordan 191 around the circuit to set the fastest lap of the race with a time just a second off of his qualifying time.

The race win went to Championship leader Ayrton Senna, who began a counter charge against the Williams duo of Nigel Mansell and Riccardo Patrese.[1] Those two claimed second and third in the race, ahead of Gerhard Berger, Jean Alesi and Ivan Capelli, as Alain Prost retired from yet another race in 1991.[1]

BackgroundEdit

Johnny Herbert was absent racing in Japan at Formula 3000 level, leaving Michael Bartels to continue in his Team Lotus seat.[1] FISA, meanwhile, had completed an investigation into the incident between Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost in Germany that had caused the Frenchman's retirement.[2] In their opinion, it had been a racing incident, and Prost and Senna should work out their differences rather than waste time in the sporting courts.

McLaren and partners Honda, meanwhile, had been busy developing several features over the summer to appease Senna, who was left increasingly frustrated by running out of fuel twice in the previous two races.[3] Their semi-automatic gearbox was their more significant achievement, but was not race ready in time for the Hungarian race.[3] The team would also wear black armbands throughout the weekend after the sudden death of Honda founder Soichiro Honda in the week before the race.[3] 

The Championship lead was still in Senna's hands after Germany, although Nigel Mansell had worked hard, and benefitted from Senna retiring at the previous two races, to close the gap to eight points. Riccardo Patrese was in third, proving that the FW14 was the strongest car on the grid, with Alain Prost left to battle Gerhard Berger for fourth. Nelson Piquet could also be considered part of that battle, although he had been struggling to score since his victory in the Canadian Grand Prix.

Williams-Renault had snatched the lead from McLaren-Honda in Germany, becoming the only other team to lead the Championship in 1991. Ferrari were left in a distant third, having created two uncompetitive cars in 1991, while Benetton were trying to catch them in fourth. Jordan, meanwhile, were in the top five after the German Grand Prix, having overtaken Tyrrell-Honda having had a double point score at the Hockenheimring.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix is shown below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/6 Honda RA121E V10 3.5 G
2 Austria Gerhard Berger United Kingdom Honda Marlboro McLaren McLaren MP4/6 Honda RA121E V10 3.5 G
3 Japan Satoru Nakajima United Kingdom Braun Tyrrell Honda Tyrrell 020 Honda RA101E V10 3.5 P
4 Italy Stefano Modena United Kingdom Braun Tyrrell Honda Tyrrell 020 Honda RA101E V10 3.5 P
5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW14 Renault RS3 V10 3.5 G
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Canon Williams Team Williams FW14 Renault RS3 V10 3.5 G
7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT60Y Yamaha OX99 V12 3.5 P
8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell United Kingdom Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Brabham BT60Y Yamaha OX99 V12 3.5 P
9 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Footwork Grand Prix International Footwork A12 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
10 Italy Alex Caffi United Kingdom Footwork Grand Prix International Footwork A12 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
11 Finland Mika Häkkinen United Kingdom Team Lotus Lotus 102B Judd EV V8 3.5 G
12 Germany Michael Bartels United Kingdom Team Lotus Lotus 102B Judd EV V8 3.5 G
14 France Olivier Grouillard Italy Fondmetal F1 SpA Fondmetal FA1 M-E Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
15 Brazil Mauricio Gugelmin United Kingdom Leyton House Racing Leyton House CG911 Ilmor LH10 V10 3.5 G
16 Italy Ivan Capelli United Kingdom Leyton House Racing Leyton House CG911 Ilmor LH10 V10 3.5 G
17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini FranceAutomobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives AGS JH25B Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
18 Italy Fabrizio Barbazza FranceAutomobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives AGS JH25B Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
19 Brazil Roberto Moreno United Kingdom Camel Benetton Ford Benetton B191 Ford Cosworth HB V8 3.5 P
20 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Camel Benetton Ford Benetton B191 Ford Cosworth HB V8 3.5 P
21 Italy Emanuele Pirro Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara BMS-191 Judd GV V10 3.5 P
22 Finland JJ Lehto Italy BMS Scuderia Italia Dallara BMS-191 Judd GV V10 3.5 P
23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Italy Minardi Team Minardi M191 Ferrari F1-91 V12 3.5 G
24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Italy Minardi Team Minardi M191 Ferrari F1-91 V12 3.5 G
25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen France Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS35 Lamborghini L3512 V12 3.5 G
26 France Érik Comas France Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS35 Lamborghini L3512 V12 3.5 G
27 France Alain Prost Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 643 Ferrari F1-91 V12 3.5 G
28 France Jean Alesi Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA Ferrari 643 Ferrari F1-91 V12 3.5 G
29 France Éric Bernard France Larrousse F1 Lola 91 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
30 Japan Aguri Suzuki France Larrousse F1 Lola 91 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
31 Portugal Pedro Chaves Italy Coloni Racing Srl Coloni C4 Ford Cosworth DFR V8 3.5 G
32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot Ireland Team 7Up Jordan Jordan 191 Ford Cosworth HB V8 3.5 G
33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Ireland Team 7Up Jordan Jordan 191 Ford Cosworth HB V8 3.5 G
34 Italy Nicola Larini Italy Modena Team SpA Lambo 291 Lamborghini L3512 V12 3.5 G
35 Belgium Eric van de Poele Italy Modena Team SpA Lambo 291 Lamborghini L3512 V12 3.5 G

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

34 entrants in Hungary meant pre-qualifying returned once again for Formula One, with eight drivers made to fight for four places in qualifying.[1] Designed to prevent more than 30 cars on the circuit at any one time, pre-qualifying was also intended to remove the four slowest cars on the entry list, meaning races would be that much closer.[1] Brabham had eased through the session in Germany after being demoted to participate in the session, and were favourites to do so again.

Pre-QualifyingEdit

Indeed, it was the Brabham duo that dominated pre-qualifying, with Mark Blundell putting together a good lap to beat team mate Martin Brundle by over a second.[2] An impressive display by Olivier Grouillard allowed the Frenchman to take the third quali-spot for Fondmetal, with veteran Michele Alboreto setting the fourth fastest time.[2] Out before the weekend had even begun were Alboreto's team mate Alex Caffi, the two AGS drivers Gabriele Tarquini and Fabrizio Barbazza and Pedro Chaves.

ReportEdit

Much like pre-qualifying, there was one all conquering performance in the full session, as Ayrton Senna completed a stunning lap on Saturday to take pole by over a second.[1] Riccardo Patrese and Nigel Mansell were to be found in second and third, after their running on Friday had been harmed by numerous issues.[1] Alain Prost beat Gerhard Berger to fourth, with Jean Alesi in sixth, ahead of Emanuele Pirro, who took the best starting position for the Dallara-Judd combination in 1991.[1]

Despite being flattened by his team mate in pre-qualifying, Brundle cracked the top ten in the full session, going a second quicker than Blundell, who would start twentieth. Out went their two colleagues from the earlier session, Grouillard and Alboreto, joined by Eric van de Poele and Michael Bartels in his pay-to-play Lotus-Judd

Full Qualifying ResultEdit

The final result for the 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix is outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time[2] Gap
Q1 Q2
1 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:18.549 1:16.147
2 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:20.103 1:17.379 +1.232s
3 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 1:19.818 1:17.389 +1.242s
4 27 France Alain Prost Ferrari 1:19.326 1:17.690 +1.543s
5 2 Austria Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 1:18.238 1:17.705 +1.558s
6 28 France Jean Alesi Ferrari 1:19.552 1:18.410 +2.263s
7 21 Italy Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 1:21.751 1:19.334 +3.187s
8 4 Italy Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 1:20.488 1:19.748 +3.601s
9 16 Italy Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 1:21.068 1:19.794 +3.647s
10 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 1:21.345 1:19.976 +3.829s
11 20 Brazil Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:21.542 1:19.984 +3.837s
12 22 Finland JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 1:21.991 1:20.014 +3.867s
13 15 Brazil Mauricio Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor 1:21.549 1:20.024 +3.877s
14 3 Japan Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 1:22.992 1:20.565 +4.418s
15 19 Brazil Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford Cosworth 1:22.077 1:20.584 +4.437s
16 32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford Cosworth 1:21.884 1:20.655 +4.508s
17 33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford Cosworth 1:22.143 1:20.805 +4.658s
18 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 1:22.429 1:20.823 +4.676s
19 25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 1:22.408 1:20.870 +4.723s
20 8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 1:21.125 1:20.954 +4.807s
21 29 France Éric Bernard Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:22.680 1:21.267 +5.120s
22 30 Japan Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford Cosworth 1:22.762 1:21.601 +5.454s
23 24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 1:23.201 1:21.654 +5.507s
24 34 Italy Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 1:24.316 1:21.896 +5.749s
25 26 France Érik Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 1:24.464 1:22.258 +6.111s
26 11 Finland Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 1:25.224 1:22.335 +6.188s
DNQ 14 France Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford Cosworth 1:23.593 1:22.438 +6.291s
DNQ 9 Italy Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford Cosworth 1:24.593 1:22.521 +6.374s
DNQ 35 Belgium Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini 1:27.339 1:23.162 +7.015s
DNQ 12 Germany Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd 1:24.746 1:23.248 +7.101s
DNPQ 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Cosworth 1:25.230
DNPQ 10 Italy Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford Cosworth 1:26.637
DNPQ 18 Italy Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Cosworth 1:26.740
DNPQ 31 Portugal Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford Cosworth 1:26.945

GridEdit

The starting grid for the 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix is displayed below:

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Ayrton Senna
Riccardo Patrese ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 Nigel Mansell
Alain Prost ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Gerhard Berger
Jean Alesi ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Emanuele Pirro
Stefano Modena ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Ivan Capelli
Martin Brundle ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 Nelson Piquet
JJ Lehto ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Mauricio Gugelmin
Satoru Nakajima ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Roberto Moreno
Bertrand Gachot ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Andrea de Cesaris
Pierluigi Martini ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Thierry Boutsen
Mark Blundell ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Éric Bernard
Aguri Suzuki ______________
Row 12 ______________ 23
24 Gianni Morbidelli
Nicola Larini ______________
Row 13 ______________ 25
26 Érik Comas
Mika Häkkinen ______________

RaceEdit

With no incidents to report during the warm up, and no threat of rain, the field prepared for a battle for the World Championship as Ayrton Senna prepared to fend off the two Williams-Renaults. With 77 laps scheduled on Sunday, and a tight first sector, many people were expecting an accident such as the one that caused Nicola Larini to retire in Hockenheim at the start. All would be revealed when the lights went out at 14:00 local time.

ReportEdit

It was grid order off the line, although Senna had to dive late on the brakes to prevent Riccardo Patrese from snatching the lead into the first corner.[3] Mansell held onto third by holding more speed through the first corner to fend off Prost, as the field all managed to get through the first sector unscathed.[3] Mansell proceeded the attack Patrese over the course of the first lap, but was unable to get past, a factor that was soon to affect the whole field.[3]

Indeed the opening third of the race passed without incident, with a tame race emerging throughout the field, with attrition joining action in a noticeable absence. That was, until Prost limped into the pits to retire on lap 28 with an engine failure, opening the floodgates for the retirements. Moments later, and Mansell was attacking Patrese around the lap, with the Italian opening the door for the Brit into the first corner, releasing Mansell to battle Senna.[3] There was also a small trickle of cars coming in to change tyres, although none of the leaders opted to do so.[3]

Senna continued his lead unabated, however, as Mansell gained little over the following laps. Further back, and four cars retired within a lap of each other, Emanuele Pirro, Nelson Piquet, Aguri Suzuki and Éric Bernard all ground to a halt with mechanical issues on lap 38. Andrea de Cesaris found himself in a battle for sixth with Roberto Moreno and team mate Bertrand Gachot, although they were under threat from Ivan Capelli who was on a charge on his fresh tyres.

Capelli was able to catch the trio in the final stages, completing something that had been impossible to do all day, overtaking. A quick flurry of activity saw him jump into the points, although de Cesaris tried to get back at him. Senna and Mansell, meanwhile, were trading fastest lap times, but the Brit could not close the gap, leaving Senna to take the win by five seconds.[1] Patrese claimed third ahead of Gerhard Berger, while Jean Alesi was the first of those whom had stopped for tyres, ending the day in fifth ahead of Capelli.

ResultsEdit

The final results for the 1991 Hungarian Grand Prix are shown below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 1 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 77 1:49:12.796 1 10
2 5 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault 77 +4.599s 3 6
3 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 77 +15.594s 2 4
4 2 Austria Gerhard Berger McLaren-Honda 77 +21.856s 5 3
5 28 France Jean Alesi Ferrari 77 +31.389s 6 2
6 16 Italy Ivan Capelli Leyton House-Ilmor 76 +1 lap 9 1
7 33 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Jordan-Ford Cosworth 76 +1 lap 17
8 19 Brazil Roberto Moreno Benetton-Ford Cosworth 76 +1 lap 15
9 32 Belgium Bertrand Gachot Jordan-Ford Cosworth 76 +1 lap 16
10 26 France Érik Comas Ligier-Lamborghini 75 +2 laps 25
11 15 Brazil Mauricio Gugelmin Leyton House-Ilmor 75 +2 laps 13
12 4 Italy Stefano Modena Tyrrell-Honda 75 +2 laps 8
13 24 Italy Gianni Morbidelli Minardi-Ferrari 75 +2 laps 23
14 11 Finland Mika Häkkinen Lotus-Judd 74 +3 laps 26
15 3 Japan Satoru Nakajima Tyrrell-Honda 74 +3 laps 14
16 34 Italy Nicola Larini Lambo-Lamborghini 74 +3 laps 24
17* 25 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Ligier-Lamborghini 71 Engine 19
Ret 23 Italy Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ferrari 65 Engine 18
Ret 8 United Kingdom Mark Blundell Brabham-Yamaha 62 Tyre 20
Ret 7 United Kingdom Martin Brundle Brabham-Yamaha 59 Fitness 10
Ret 22 Finland JJ Lehto Dallara-Judd 49 Oil pressure 12
Ret 20 Brazil Nelson Piquet Benetton-Ford Cosworth 38 Gearbox 11
Ret 29 France Éric Bernard Lola-Ford Cosworth 38 Engine 21
Ret 30 Japan Aguri Suzuki Lola-Ford Cosworth 38 Engine 22
Ret 21 Italy Emanuele Pirro Dallara-Judd 37 Oil pressure 7
Ret 27 France Alain Prost Ferrari 28 Engine 4
DNQ 14 France Olivier Grouillard Fondmetal-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 9 Italy Michele Alboreto Footwork-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 35 Belgium Eric van de Poele Lambo-Lamborghini
DNQ 12 Germany Michael Bartels Lotus-Judd
DNPQ 17 Italy Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Cosworth
DNPQ 10 Italy Alex Caffi Footwork-Ford Cosworth
DNPQ 18 Italy Fabrizio Barbazza AGS-Cosworth
DNPQ 31 Portugal Pedro Chaves Coloni-Ford Cosworth
Source
  • * Boutsen was still classified despite retiring as he had completed 90% of the race distance.

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Ayrton Senna restored his one race advantage that he had held over the rest of the field for all but two races with victory in Hungary, as Nigel Mansell and Riccardo Patrese became the only realistic challengers to the Brazilian. Gerhard Berger climbed above Alain Prost who was struggling with an unreliable Ferrari and numerous errors. Ivan Capelli added his name to the point scorers list, having claimed his first points since his podium at the 1990 French Grand Prix.

McLaren-Honda were to be denied the lead in the Constructor's Championship for only one race, as they established a two point advantage over Williams-Renault in their private duel. Ferrari continued to pull away from Benetton in their battle for third, while Jordan remained in the top five despite their scoring run coming to an end. Leyton House-Ilmor were also on the board for the first time all season, courtesy of Capelli. 

Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 Brazil Ayrton Senna 61
2 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 49
3 Italy Riccardo Patrese 32
4 Austria Gerhard Berger 22 ▲1
5 France Alain Prost 21 ▼1
6 Brazil Nelson Piquet 18
7 France Jean Alesi 14
8 Italy Stefano Modena 9
9 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 9
10 Brazil Roberto Moreno 5
11 Finland JJ Lehto 4
12 Belgium Bertrand Gachot 4
13 Italy Pierluigi Martini 3
14 Finland Mika Häkkinen 2
15 Japan Satoru Nakajima 2
16 Italy Emanuele Pirro 1
17 France Éric Bernard 1
18 Japan Aguri Suzuki 1
19 United Kingdom Julian Bailey 1
20 Italy Ivan Capelli 1 ▲1
Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Honda 83 ▲1
2 United Kingdom Williams-Renault 81 ▼1
3 Italy Ferrari 35
4 United Kingdom Benetton-Ford Cosworth 23
5 Ireland Jordan-Ford Cosworth 13
6 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Honda 11
7 Italy Dallara-Judd 5
8 Italy Minardi-Ferrari 3
9 United Kingdom Lotus-Judd 3
10 United Kingdom Lola-Ford Cosworth 2
11 United Kingdom Leyton House-Ilmor 1 ▲1

ReferencesEdit

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GP
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 '1991 Hungarian Grand Prix', wikipedia.org, (WikiMedia, 03/08/2015), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1991_Hungarian_Grand_Prix, (Accessed 09/08/2015)
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named YT
V T E 1991 Formula One Season
Teams McLaren • Tyrrell • Williams • Brabham • Footwork • Lotus • Fondmetal • Leyton House • AGS • Benetton • Dallara • Minardi • Ligier • Ferrari • Lola • Coloni • Jordan • Lambo
Engines Ferrari • Ford • Honda • Ilmor • Judd • Lamborghini • Porsche • Renault • Yamaha
Drivers Senna • 2 Berger • 3 Nakajima • 4 Modena • 5 Mansell • 6 Patrese • 7 Brundle • 8 Blundell • 9 Alboreto • 10 Caffi • 10 Johansson • 11 Häkkinen • 12 Bailey • 12 Herbert • 12 Bartels • 14 Grouillard • 14 Tarquini • 15 Gugelmin • 16 Capelli • 16 Wendlinger • 17 Tarquini • 17 Grouillard • 18 Johansson • 18 Barbazza • 19 Moreno • 19 Schumacher • 20 Piquet • 21 Pirro • 22 Lehto • 23 Martini • 24 Morbidelli • 24 Moreno • 25 Boutsen • 26 Comas • 27 Prost • 27 Morbidelli • 28 Alesi • 29 Bernard • 29 Gachot • 30 Suzuki • 31 Chaves • 31 Hattori • 32 Gachot • 32 Schumacher • 32 Moreno • 32 Zanardi • 33 De Cesaris • 34 Larini • 35 Van de Poele
Other Drivers McNish
Cars McLaren MP4/6 • Williams FW14 • Ferrari 642 • Ferrari 643 • Benetton B190B • Benetton B191 • Jordan 191 • Tyrrell 020 • Minardi M191 • Dallara 191 • Lotus 102B • Brabham BT60Y • Lola LC91 • Leyton House CG911 • Ligier JS35 • Lambo 291 • AGS JH25 • AGS JH25B • AGS JH27 • Fondmetal FA1M-E • Fondmetal Fomet-1 • Footwork FA12 • Footwork A11C • Coloni C4
Tyres Goodyear • Pirelli
Races United States • Brazil • San Marino • Monaco • Canada • Mexico • France • Britain • Germany • Hungary • Belgium • Italy • Portugal • Spain • Japan • Australia
See also 1990 Formula One Season • 1992 Formula One Season • Category
V T E Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix
Circuits Hungaroring (1986 - Present)
Hungaroring
Races 1986 • 1987 • 1988 • 1989 • 1990 • 1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 • 2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016 • 2017 • 2018
Non-Championship Race 1936
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