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 The II Detroit Grand Prix, held on the fifth of June 1983, was the seventh round of the 1983 Formula One World Championship.[1] Held in Motor City itself, the 1983 Detroit Grand Prix witnessed Michele Alboreto's second Grand Prix victory, and what would be the last taste of victory for Tyrrell in Formula One.[2] He was joined by Keke Rosberg and John Watson on the podium, having gained the lead after a puncture for Nelson Piquet with nine laps to go dropped the Brazilian into fourth.[1]

BackgroundEdit

The biggest news to emerge in the fortnight between Belgium and Detroit was the arrival of Gerard Ducarouge at Team Lotus, whom immediately set out to redesign the 93T so it would be competitive.[1] The, perhaps, less surprising news was that RAM were not on the entry list for Detroit, after Eliseo Salazar left the team after a difficult start to the season.[1] Otherwise, there were no changes to the entry list or personel during the interval.[1]

Alain Prost brought a four point lead with him in the Driver's Championship, following his victory at Spa, with Nelson Piquet now a point ahead of Patrick Tambay for second. Keke Rosberg was now twelve points behind the Frenchman, with John Watson still in the top five despite his rather hit or miss start tp the season. In the Constructor's Championship, Brabham and Williams remained locked together on 24 points, although the reliability of Ferrari and pure pace of Renault meant that were beginning to fall away in the championship. Renault themselves came to Detroit with a five point lead over the tifosi, and a twelve point lead over the two British teams, while McLaren stayed within touching distance in fifth, 21 points their return on a so-so start to the season.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1983 Detroit Grand Prix is shown below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom TAG Williams Racing Team Williams FW08C Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
2 France Jacques Laffite United Kingdom TAG Williams Racing Team Williams FW08C Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
3 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Benetton Tyrrell Team Tyrrell 011B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
4 United States Danny Sullivan United Kingdom Benetton Tyrrell Team Tyrrell 011B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
5 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Fila Sport Brabham BT52 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 M
6 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Fila Sport Brabham BT52 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 M
7 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1C Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
8 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1C Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock Germany Team ATS ATS D6 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 G
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 93T Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 P
12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 92 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
15 France Alain Prost France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE40 Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
16 United States Eddie Cheever France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE40 Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 183T Alfa Romeo 890T V8t 1.5 M
23 Italy Mauro Baldi Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 183T Alfa Romeo 890T V8t 1.5 M
25 France Jean-Pierre Jarier France Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS21 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
26 Brazil Raul Boesel France Equipe Ligier Gitanes Ligier JS21 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
27 France Patrick Tambay Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2B Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
28 France René Arnoux Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2B Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
29 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A6 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
30 Belgium Thierry Boutsen United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A6 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
31 Italy Corrado Fabi Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
32 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Italy Osella Squadra Corse Osella FA1E Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
33 Colombia Roberto Guerrero United Kingdom Theodore Racing Team Theodore N183 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
34 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto United Kingdom Theodore Racing Team Theodore N183 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Candy Toleman Motorsport Toleman TG183B Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P
36 Italy Bruno Giacomelli United Kingdom Candy Toleman Motorsport Toleman TG183B Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P

Practice OverviewEdit

Practice was held on a damp and dirty track, with times around 20 to 30 seconds down on the true pace of the drivers.[3] Nigel Mansell and Jean-Pierre Jarier were the standout performers, however, with their lowly Ford Cosworth powered cars topping the times by almost a second over the nearest turbo powered car of Andrea de Cesaris.[3] Keke Rosberg was the only man to beat them, with the World Champion the sole man to get into the 2:06.000 zone.[3]

QualifyingEdit

The impressive pace of the Cosworth contingent was not to last, however, as a drier and cleaner track played host to qualifying. Rene Arnoux benefitted the most, taking his second pole position of the season in the number 28 Ferrari, setting a time two tenths quicker than Nelson Piquet.[1] Patrick Tambay put the lead Ferrari onto third (although was over a second slower than his team mate), while Elio de Angelis claimed his best qualifying position all season in the Renault turbo supported Lotus, taking fourth.[1] Marc Surer was next, taking fifth and the honour of qualifying as best of the normally aspirated cars, with Michele Alboreto alongside him.[1]

With only 27 entrants, only Corrado Fabi was eliminated in qualifying, the first time he had been beaten by team mate Piercarlo Ghinzani since the latter had had an Alfa Romeo V12 fitted to his Osella.[1] Ghinzani would start from 24th, ahead of the Alfa Romeo built car of Mauro Baldi, while Johnny Cecotto completed the grid in his Theodore, almost seven seconds slower than Arnoux .[1] 

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time[3]
Q1 Q2
1 28 FranceRené Arnoux Ferrari 2:08.851 1:44.734
2 5 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 2:11.506 1:44.933
3 27 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari 2:10.994 1:45.991
4 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Renault 2:09.601 1:46.258
5 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 2:09.292 1:46.745
6 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 2:08.198 1:47.013
7 16 United States Eddie Cheever Renault 2:08.418 1:47.334
8 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 2:08.034 1:47.453
9 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Toleman-Hart No Time 1:47.534
10 30 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Arrows-Ford Cosworth 2:11.107 1:47.586
11 33 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Theodore-Ford Cosworth 2:08.496 1:47.701
12 1 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 2:06.382 1:47.728
13 15 France Alain Prost Renault 2:15.731 1:47.855
14 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 2:07.792 1:48.395
15 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW 2:17.489 1:48.537
16 4 United States Danny Sullivan Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 2:18.758 1:48.648
17 36 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Toleman-Hart 2:13.205 1:48.785
18 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 2:09.019 1:48.992
19 25 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Ligier-Ford Cosworth 2:07.652 1:48.994
20 2 France Jacques Laffite Williams-Ford Cosworth 2:13.080 1:49.245
21 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 2:10.632 1:49.250
22 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-BMW 2:12.092 1:49.466
23 26 Brazil Raul Boesel Ligier-Ford Cosworth 2:12.164 1:49.540
24 32 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Ford Cosworth 2:15.556 1:49.885
25 23 Italy Mauro Baldi Alfa Romeo 2:11.169 1:49.916
26 34 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Theodore-Ford Cosworth 2:14.547 1:51.709
DNQ 31 Italy Corrado Fabi Osella-Ford Cosworth 2:15.085 1:53.516


Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 1 ______________
René Arnoux 2
______________ Nelson Piquet
Row 2 3 ______________
Patrick Tambay 4
______________ Elio de Angelis
Row 3 5 ______________
Marc Surer 6
______________ Michele Alboreto
Row 4 7 ______________
Eddie Cheever 8
______________ Andrea de Cesaris
Row 5 9 ______________
Derek Warwick 10
______________ Thierry Boutsen
Row 6 11 ______________
Roberto Guerrero 12
______________ Keke Rosberg
Row 7 13 ______________
Alain Prost 14
______________ Nigel Mansell
Row 8 15 ______________
Riccardo Patrese 16
______________ Danny Sullivan
Row 9 17 ______________
Bruno Giacomelli 18
______________ Niki Lauda
Row 10 19 ______________
Jean-Pierre Jarier 20
______________ Jacques Laffite
Row 11 21 ______________
John Watson 22
______________ Manfred Winkelhock
Row 12 23 ______________
Raul Boesel 24
______________ Piercarlo Ghinzani
Row 13 25 ______________
Mauro Baldi 26
______________ Johnny Cecotto

RaceEdit

There were no changes to the starting grid before the start of the race, with 70,000 people arriving to watch the battle around Motor City.[3]

ReportEdit

The race distance was dropped from 61 to 60 laps after Andrea de Cesaris signalled to the marshalls to abort the original start, having stalled before the lights went out.[3] The grid reformed after a second parade lap, with de Cesaris back up and running, and the usual start proceedure followed.[3] As the lights went out, Patrick Tambay stalled, leaving him stranded in third as cars flashed eitherside.[3] His luck ran out, however, as he was towed off of the track and into retirement, despite his hopes for a push start.[3]

Tambay's immediate demise had little effect on the starting order, as Arnoux led from Piquet, Elio de Angelis, de Cesaris, Michele Alboreto and Derek Warwick.[1] It was not long, however, before the third placed Lotus 93T of de Angelis pulled off, a transmission problem ending his race on lap six.[1] Eddie Cheever had already joined Tambay and Piercarlo Ghinzani (overheating) on the sidelines with a distributor issue.[1] As their dramas emerged, Keke Rosberg began to swing his way into the points, taking Warwick for sixth before attempting to keep Alboreto in his sights.[1]

Rosberg soon brushed aside Alboreto and de Cesaris for third, before setting a series of stunning laps in an attempt to catch the quickly disappearing duo of Piquet and Arnoux.[1] By lap 20, the Finn had caught the Brazilian, making his move for second as the pair came into the final sector.[1] The Williams nosed ahead of the Brabham into the final corner, and Rosberg was second, with Arnoux now the only man preventing the Finn from taking the lead as the pitstops approached.[1]

On lap 29, Arnoux swept into the pits, having built a thirty second lead in the time that Rosberg had been in second.[3] A quick stop saw him back out into the lead, ahead of Piquet, Alboreto and Jacques Laffite, none of whom had stopped.[3] Rosberg stopped on the same lap, but a slower stop meant he dropped behind the long running trio.[3] Within two laps, however, the situation had changed, as Arnoux crawled to a stop with an electrical failure, while Laffite came into the pits for fuel and tyres.[3]

Piquet now led from Alboreto (the pair deciding not to stop at all during the race), with Rosberg a distant (but closing) third.[3] John Watson was another to opt out of stopping, and as a result was now in fourth (producing another heroic display from the back in the US), with Laffite emerging in fifth and the fresh faced Thierry Boutsen in sixth.[3] The order remained unchanged for the next twenty laps, although Rosberg began to close in on the leaders.[1]

Then on the 51st lap, Piquet came into the pits, his left rear tyre shredded to pieces after a puncture in teh second sector.[3] Alboreto went into the lead, with Rosberg now second, dragging the impressive Watson along in his wake.[3] Piquet emerged back in a lonely fourth place, with Laffite unable to challenge.[3] Nigel Mansell, meanwhile, crept into the points after overtaking Boutsen while Piquet was having his drama.[3]

The order remained unchanged until the end, meaning Alboreto claimed the second win of his Formula One career, and one which would also be the last for Tyrrell.[3] Rosberg and Watson (just over a second behind the Finn) completed the podium, with Piquet, Laffite and Mansell completing the point scorers.[1]

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Pts
1 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 60 1:50:53.669 6 9
2 1 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 60 +7.702s 12 6
3 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 60 +9.283s 21 4
4 5 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 60 +1:12.185 2 3
5 2 France Jacques Laffite Williams-Ford Cosworth 60 +1:32.603 20 2
6 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 59 +1 lap 14 1
7 30 Belgium Thierry Boutsen Arrows-Ford Cosworth 59 +1 lap 10
8 15 France Alain Prost Renault 59 +1 lap 13
9 36 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Toleman-Hart 59 +1 lap 17
10 26 Brazil Raul Boesel Ligier-Ford Cosworth 58 +2 laps 23
11 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 58 +2 laps 5
12 23 Italy Mauro Baldi Alfa Romeo 56 +4 laps 25
Ret 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 49 Suspension 18
NC 33 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Theodore-Ford Cosworth 38 +22 laps 11
Ret 34 Venezuela Johnny Cecotto Theodore-Ford Cosworth 34 Gearbox 26
Ret 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 33 Turbo 8
Ret 28 France René Arnoux Ferrari 31 Electrical 1
Ret 4 United States Danny Sullivan Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 30 Electrical 16
Ret 25 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Ligier-Ford Cosworth 29 Wheel 19
Ret 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-BMW 26 Accident 22
Ret 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Toleman-Hart 25 Engine 9
Ret 6 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW 24 Brakes 15
Ret 11 Italy Elio de Angelis {{Team Lotus-Renault]] 5 Gearbox 4
Ret 16 United States Eddie Cheever Renault 4 Distributor 7
Ret 32 Italy Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Alfa Romeo 4 Overheating 24
Ret 27 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari 0 Stalled 3

MilestonesEdit

Standings after raceEdit

Alain Prost's poor day meant that he left Detroit with only one point seperating him from Nelson Piquet, while Keke Rosberg closed to within a point of Patrick Tambay for third. John Watson's podium meant he retained fifth place, while Alboreto's victory ensured he took his first points of the season, leaping into the top ten in the championship.

With both Ferrari and Renault failing to score, the biggest movers in the Constructor's Championship were Williams, whom overtook the tifosi to sit four points behind the French manufacturer. Brabham also closed the gap to the leaders, now on 27 points, while McLaren kept within touching distance, two points behind the BMW powered Brabhams.

1983 Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts
1 France Alain Prost 28
2 Brazil Nelson Piquet 27
3 France Patrick Tambay 23
4 Finland Keke Rosberg 22
5 United Kingdom John Watson 15

Only the top 5 drivers are displayed.

1983 Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts
1 France Renault 36
2 United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 32
3 Italy Ferrari 31
4 United KingdomBrabham-BMW 27
5 United KingdomMcLaren-Ford Cosworth 25

Only the top 5 constructors are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

V T E 1983 Formula One Season
Teams Williams • Tyrrell • Brabham • McLaren • ATS • Lotus • Renault • RAM • Alfa Romeo • Ligier • Ferrari • Arrows • Osella • Theodore • Toleman • Spirit
Engines Alfa Romeo • BMW • Ferrari • Ford • Hart • Honda • Renault • TAG
Drivers Rosberg • 2 Laffite • 42 Palmer • 3 Alboreto • 4 Sullivan • 5 Piquet • 6 Patrese • 7 Watson • 8 Lauda • 9 Winkelhock • 11 De Angelis • 12 Mansell • 15 Prost • 16 Cheever • 17 Salazar • 17 Villeneuve • 17 Acheson • 18 Schlesser • 22 De Cesaris • 23 Baldi • 25 Jarier • 26 Boesel • 27 Tambay • 28 Arnoux • 29 Surer • 30 Serra • 30 Jones • 30 Boutsen • 31 Fabi • 32 Ghinzani • 33 Guerrero • 34 Cecotto • 35 Warwick • 36 Giacomelli • 40 Johansson
Cars Ferrari 126C2B • Ferrari 126C3 • Renault RE30B • Renault RE30C • Renault RE40 • Brabham BT52 • Williams FW08C • Williams FW09 • McLaren MP4/1C • McLaren MP4/1E • Alfa Romeo 183T • Tyrrell 011B • Tyrrell 012 • Lotus 92 • Lotus 93T • Lotus 94T • Toleman TG183B • Arrows A6 • Theodore N183 • Ligier JS21 • Spirit 201 • ATS D6 • Osella FA1D • Osella FA1E • RAM 01
Tyres Goodyear • Michelin • Pirelli
Races Brazil • U.S. West • France • San Marino • Monaco • Belgium • Detroit • Canada • Britain • Germany • Austria • Netherlands • Italy • Europe • South Africa
See also 1982 Formula One Season • 1984 Formula One Season • Category
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