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 The 1982 United States Grand Prix West, held at the Long Beach circuit in California, was the third round of the 1982 Formula One Season.[1] The race itself was the first of three Championship Grand Prix scheduled for the United States in 1982, a record for a country in a single season.

After a shock result in qualifying which saw Andrea de Cesaris claim a maiden pole position, and the return of an American racing legend, Niki Lauda took his eighteenth career win, and first for McLaren. Keke Rosberg and Riccardo Patrese joined him on the podium, as Championship leader Alain Prost crashed out.

BackgroundEdit

The biggest news to come in the two week break between Brazil and the US West was the sudden retirement of Carlos Reutemann. The Argentinian ace had considered retiring at the end of the 1981 season, but had impressed early in 1982, claiming second at the South African Grand Prix. But, with his heart elsewhere, and the Falklands War erupting shortly before the race, Reutemann opted to hang up his helmet.

Williams therefore scrambled to find a replacement, asking several drivers, including Reutemann's rival Alan Jones. Ultimately, however, the team would settle for a one-off drive by an American racing legend, whom had moved back to his homeland to compete in the CART Series. Indeed, Mario Andretti would return to a Formula One cockpit for just one more time, at his home race in Long Beach.

Alain Prost had a comfortable 18 point lead in the championship after winning the opening rounds, eleven points clear of his nearest challenger John Watson of McLaren.[1] The ongoing FOCA/FISA dispute appeared to have fallen into the background, with no fresh concerns ahead of the first of three Grand Prix in the US.[1]

There was a notable change to the circuit for 1982, after the Queens hairpin was adjusted into a 90 degree right hand turn much to the dismay of many of the drivers.


Entry ListEdit

Below is the full entry list for the 1982 United States Grand Prix West:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT49 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
2 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT49 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
3 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
4 Sweden Slim Borgudd United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
5 United States Mario Andretti United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
7 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
8 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
10 Chile Eliseo Salazar West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero United Kingdom Ensign Racing Ensign N181 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
15 France Alain Prost France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
16 France René Arnoux France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
17 Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
18 Brazil Raul Boesel United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
20 Brazil Chico Serra Brazil Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F9 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
25 United States Eddie Cheever France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS19 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
26 France Jacques Laffite France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS19 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
27 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
28 France Didier Pironi Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
29 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
30 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Italy Osella Squadra Course Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Italy Osella Squadra Course Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
33 Ireland Derek Daly Hong Kong Theodore Racing Team Theodore TY02 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG181C Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P
36 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG181C Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P

Practice OverviewEdit

There were no real suprises in practice, although Ferrari would test an extra large rear wing, which was fitted to Gilles Villeneuve's car for qualifying and the race.[1] 

QualifyingEdit

Unlike in practice, however, qualifying produced a series of shocks that would affect the race on Sunday.[1] Firstly, the Renault's were off the front row, René Arnoux and Alain Prost claiming third and fourth, as the turbocharged cars as a whole were relatively slow compared to the pace shown in the first two meetings of the season.[1] Secondly, Andrea de Cesaris, driving an unfancied Alfa Romeo which had struggled to get into the race at the previous meetings, took pole (his team mate Bruno Giacomelli taking fifth), with Lauda slipping his McLaren into second.[1] Villeneuve, sporting his new wing, claimed seventh, although he was quicker than his team mate Didier Pironi, despite the disappointment in the car's performance. Reigning champion Nelson Piquet would start from sixth place, the Brazilian suffering a sizeable accident during qualifying.[1]

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time[2] Gap
1 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 1:27.316
2 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford 1:27.436 +0.120
3 16 France René Arnoux Renault 1:27.763 +0.447
4 15 France Alain Prost Renault 1:27.979 +0.663
5 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Alfa Romeo 1:28.081 +0.771
6 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-Ford 1:28.276 +0.960
7 27 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari 1:28.476 +1.160
8 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford 1:28.576 +1.260
9 28 France Didier Pironi Ferrari 1:28.680 +1.364
10 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Osella-Ford 1:28.708 +1.392
11 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford 1:28.885 +1.569
12 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford 1:29.027 +1.711
13 25 United States Eddie Cheever Ligier-Matra 1:29.336 +2.020
14 5 United States Mario Andretti Williams-Ford 1:29.468 +2.152
15 26 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 1:29.587 +2.271
16 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Ford 1:29.694 +2.378
17 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford 1:29.758 +2.442
18 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-Ford 1:29.948 +2.632
19 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Ensign-Ford 1:30.186 +2.870
20 29 United Kingdom Brian Henton Arrows-Ford 1:30.474 +3.158
21 17 Germany Jochen Mass March-Ford 1:30.476 +3.160
22 33 Ireland Derek Daly Theodore-Ford 1:30.919 +3.603
23 18 Brazil Raul Boesel March-Ford 1:30.977 +3.661
24 4 Sweden Slim Borgudd Tyrrell-Ford 1:31.033 +3.717
25 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-Ford 1:31.593 +4.277
26 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar ATS-Ford 1:31.825 +4.509
DNQ 36 Italy Teo Fabi Toleman-Hart DNQ
DNQ 32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Osella-Ford DNQ
DNQ 20 Brazil Chico Serra Fittipaldi-Ford DNQ
DNQ 30 Italy Mauro Baldi Arrows-Ford DNQ
DNPQ 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Toleman-Hart DNPQ

GridEdit

The grid for the 1982 United States Grand Prix West is shown below:


Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 ______________ 1
2 Andrea de Cesaris
Niki Lauda ______________
Row 2 ______________ 3
4 René Arnoux
Alain Prost ______________
Row 3 ______________ 5
6 Bruno Giacomelli
Nelson Piquet ______________
Row 4 ______________ 7
8 Gilles Villeneuve
Keke Rosberg ______________
Row 5 ______________ 9
10 Didier Pironi
Jean-Pierre Jarier ______________
Row 6 ______________ 11
12 John Watson
Michele Alboreto ______________
Row 7 ______________ 13
14 Eddie Cheever
Mario Andretti ______________
Row 8 ______________ 15
16 Jacques Laffite
Elio de Angelis ______________
Row 9 ______________ 17
18 Nigel Mansell
Riccardo Patrese ______________
Row 10 ______________ 19
20 Roberto Guerrero
Brian Henton ______________
Row 11 ______________ 21
22 Jochen Mass
Derek Daly ______________
Row 12 ______________ 23
24 Raul Boesel
Slim Borgudd ______________
Row 13 ______________ 25
26 Manfred Winkelhock
Eliseo Salazar ______________

RaceEdit

De Cesaris, despite his impressive display was expected to go backwards off the line, while there were mumblings of a protest against Villeneuve's car after qualifying (with the Ferrari effectively sporting two rear wings which had a combined length greater than those allowed in the regulations).[1]  There was a clarification made by the FIA overnight, and the pace of VIlleneuve against his team mate meant no official protest was submitted prior to the race.[1]

ReportEdit

Contrary to popular though, de Cesaris had the best start of any of the leaders, getting clear of the charging Arnoux (who leapt ahead of Lauda at the start).[1] De Cesaris immediately began building a lead, as it became clear early on that Arnoux was holding up Lauda and de Cesaris' team mate Bruno Giacomelli (whom had overtaken the slow starting Alain Prost on the opening lap).[1] The ATS cars of Manfred Winkelhock and Eliseo Salazar both tapped the wall (in seperate incidents) in the early stages, causing both to retire.[1]

The front of the field suddenly changed in the space of a lap, as Lauda pressed Arnoux on lap 5.[1] The Austrian pulled right to go to the inside of Arnoux, while Giacomelli (who had joined the pair as they duelled) stayed behind Arnoux as they went into the old hairpin.[1] Giacomelli misjudged his breaking ability, slamming into the back of Arnoux's car and putting both out of the race.[1] Villeneve was promoted to third, while his team mate, Didier Pironi retired with accident damage.[3]

Lauda reeled in the young Italian over the next ten laps, as his team mate John Watson forced Villeneuve into a mistake to take third,[3] Lauda applied pressure on his significantly less experienced rival, Lauda overtaking when De Cesaris became stuck behind the backmarker of Raul Boesel.[3] Just before Lauda's move, Prost retired with break failure, and was forced to watch as Lauda began to eat into his championship lead.[3] A few laps later Mario Andretti retired with suspension damage.[1]

Villeneuve and Keke Rosberg began a scrap for forth which would last for a couple of laps, as they both caught Watson.[1] Rosberg initially got ahead of the Ferrari at the Queen's hairpin, but the more powerful Ferrari jumped back ahead.[1] Rosberg tried again, and two laps later got ahead, having forced Villeneuve onto the marbles on the outside of the track (which brought Nelson Piquet into the frame).[1] Rosberg proceeded to catch as pass Watson over the next few laps.[3]

The race began to calm, although there were two further incidents that would affect the order at the front.[1] First Piquet made a mistake to end his race in the barrier at one third distance (having already crashed in practice), meaning Prost could breath slightly more easily (as Piquet was the closest to him in the points).[1] A few laps later, de Cesaris suffered an engine failure, putting him both into the wall and out of the race.[1] Lauda, meanwhile, began to drive within himself to ensure his win.[1]

Lauda crossed the line to take his first win since 1978, in only his third race since his return.[1] Rosberg joined him in second, having demonstrated his ability throughout, while Villeneuve had a relatively quiet drive to third (Watson dropped to seventh with a pitstop).[1] Riccardo Patrese who had been missing his front wing throughout the race, caught and passed Michele Alboreto in the Tyrrell in the closing stages to take fourth.[1] This result changed, however, when Patrese's team Brabham and Tyrrell, protested against Villeneuve's Ferrari, concerning its rear wing.[1][3] The FIA deemed the wing to now be illegal, meaning Villeneuve was disqualified, promotied Patrese to the podium, and Watson into the points.[1]

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 8 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom McLaren-Ford 75 1:58:25.318 2 9
2 6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom Williams-Ford 75 +14.660s 8 6
DSQ 27 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Italy Ferrari 75 Disqualified (Illegal rear wing) 7
3 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Brabham-Ford 75 +1:19.143 18 4
4 3 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 75 +1:20.947 12 3
5 11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom Lotus-Ford 74 +1 lap 16 2
6 7 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom McLaren-Ford 74 +1 lap 11 1
7 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom Lotus-Ford 73 +2 laps 17
8 17 Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom March-Ford 73 +2 laps 21
9 18 Brazil Raul Boesel United Kingdom March-Ford 70 +5 laps 23
10 4 Sweden Slim Borgudd United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford 68 +7 laps 24
Ret 25 United States Eddie Cheever France Ligier-Matra 59 Gearbox 13
Ret 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Alfa Romeo 33 Accident 1
Ret 29 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Arrows-Ford 32 Accident 20
Ret 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero United Kingdom Ensign-Ford 27 Accident 19
Ret 26 France Jacques Laffite France Ligier-Matra 26 Spin 15
Ret 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Italy Osella-Ford 26 Spin 10
Ret 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Brabham-Ford 25 Accident 6
Ret 33 Ireland Derek Daly United Kingdom Theodore-Ford 23 Accident 22
Ret 5 United States Mario Andretti United Kingdom Williams-Ford 19 Accident / Rear suspension 14
Ret 15 France Alain Prost France Renault 10 Brakes / Accident 4
Ret 28 France Didier Pironi Italy Ferrari 6 Accident 9
Ret 16 France René Arnoux France Renault 5 Accident 3
Ret 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Italy Alfa Romeo 5 Accident 5
Ret 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar Germany ATS-Ford 3 Accident 26
Ret 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock Germany ATS-Ford 1 Accident 25
DNQ 36 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman-Hart
DNQ 32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Italy Osella-Ford
DNQ 20 Brazil Chico Serra Brazil Fittipaldi-Ford
DNQ 30 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Arrows-Ford
DNQ 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Toleman-Hart

MilestonesEdit


StandingsEdit

Alain Prost retained his Championship lead, although the now second placed Niki Lauda was just five points behind. Keke Rosberg left the US in third, tied on points (but judged ahead on other results) of John Watson, with Carlos Reutemann still in the top five, despite retiring from Formula One. Riccardo Patrese and Elio de Angelis were the latest names to get off the ground, while Didier Pironi and Ferrari still only had one point.

Renault still led the Constructors' Championship, although McLaren had closed to within two points, with Williams also gaining. Team Lotus and Tyrrell were locked together on six points, while Brabham gained their first points of the season through Patrese. ATS were the only other team to have scored points, although they still led Ferrari.

1982 Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 France Alain Prost 18
2 Austria Niki Lauda 13 ▲5
3 Finland Keke Rosberg 8 ▲6
4 United Kingdom John Watson 8 ▼2
5 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 6 ▼2
6 Italy Michele Alboreto 6
7 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 4 ▼3
=8 France René Arnoux 4 ▼4
=8 Italy Riccardo Patrese 4 ▲2
10 Italy Elio de Angelis 2 ▲1
11 Germany Manfred Winkelhock 2 ▼3
12 France Didier Pironi 1 ▼2

Only point scoring drivers are shown.


1982 Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 France Renault 22
2 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford 20
3 United Kingdom Williams-Cosworth 14
=4 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 6
=4 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Cosworth 6 ▲1
6 United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 4 ▲2
7 Germany ATS-Ford Cosworth 2 ▼1
8 Italy Ferrari 1 ▼1

Only point scoring constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: UNITED STATES GP, 1982', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 1999), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr360.html, (Accessed 26/07/2015)
  2. 'FORMULA ONE - RACECARD: United States Grand Prix West Qualifying 1982', f1pulse.com, (F1PULSE.COM, 2015), http://f1pulse.com/racecard/Long_Beach_Grand_Prix_1982/3D413A/race_card_qualify.aspx, (Accessed 26/07/2015)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr360.html
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