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 The 1982 Italian Grand Prix was the penultimate round of the 1982 Formula One Season, hosted at the Monza circuit in Italy.[1] Despite Mario Andretti (returning to the paddock in a Ferrari for the injured Didier Pironi) taking an impressive pole position (in a qualifying session that saw all of the qualifiers set a time under the lap record), it would be René Arnoux whom took victory, from the Ferraris.

Keke Rosberg almost secured the World Championship despite not scoring any points, with John Watson the only man able to challenge him for the title, at Caesars Palace.[1] Ferrari, for their part, were almost made Constructors' Champions in Italy too, and would only be denied if McLaren took two podium positions in America.

BackgroundEdit

Coming into Italy, Ferrari announced that Mario Andretti, the Italian-American hero from 1978, would compete for them in Didier Pironi's car (initially for one race).[1] With Arnoux joining Patrick Tambay for 1983, Renault announced their capture of Eddie Cheever to partner Alain Prost.[1] Rumours also circulated that the French team had engineered engine deals for Team Lotus and Ligier (the latter possibly to ensure Cheever's move), while McLaren were thought to be in discussion with Porsche for engines (which would be branded as TAG products).[1]

Championship wise, Keke Rosberg came to Italy with a three point lead over Pironi, although the Frenchman was unlikely to race again after his horror crash at Hockenheim. Prost, the next contender, sat 11 points behind, with John Watson and Niki Lauda both on 30. A win for Rosberg would see him win the title, although he only had to score within two points of Prost (or three of the McLarens) to take the title.

Ferrari maintained a four point lead in Switzerland from McLaren, meaning they had a chance to win the Constructors Championship at their home race. McLaren would need a strong weekend to prevent the Italian team from doing so, while Williams and Renault also remained a threat in third and fourth. Brabham and Team Lotus were set to battle for fifth over the final two races, the latter holding an eight point lead over the BMW powered former.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1982 Italian Grand Prix is shown below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT50 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 G
2 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT50 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 G
3 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
4 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
5 Ireland Derek Daly United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
7 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
8 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
10 Chile Eliseo Salazar West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
14 Brazil Roberto Guerrero United Kingdom Ensign Racing Ensign N181 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
15 France Alain Prost France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
17 United Kingdom Rupert Keegan United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
18 Brazil Raul Boesel United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
20 Brazil Chico Serra Brazil Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F9 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
25 United States Eddie Cheever France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS19 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
26 France Jacques Laffite France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS19 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
27 France Patrick Tambay Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
28 United States Mario Andretti Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
29 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
30 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Italy Osella Squadra Course Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
33 United Kingdom Tommy Byrne Hong Kong Theodore Racing Team Theodore TY02 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG183 Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P
36 Italy Teo Fabi United Kingdom Toleman Group Motorsport Toleman TG181C Hart 415T L4t 1.5 P

Practice OverviewEdit

Monza was expected to favour the turbo teams, and so it proved, with the Brabham, Renault and Ferrari cars leading the rest of the field by a significant margin.[2] The turbo field was expanded by Andrea de Cesaris, who was given a turbocharged Alfa Romeo to test around Monza, while Toleman released the TG138 in an attempt to aid their Hart powered toils.[1] Although the entry list totalled thirty cars (for the first time since the field visited Germany), there were no cars eliminated before qualifying.[1]

QualifyingEdit

As with practice, the turbos led the way, with the tifosi in a particularly jubilant mood.[1] Despite not driving a turbocharged car before in 1982, Andretti claimed pole position, with team mate Tambay (still troubled with back pain) claiming third.[1] Nelson Piquet split them in his Brabham, while his team mate Riccardo Patrese beat the Renaults for fourth.[1] Rosberg claimed victory in the battle of the normal cars, beating the Alfa Romeos (as de Cesaris had returned to the normal V12 unit for the race),[1]

Rupert Keegan was the first of four drivers to be eliminated in qualifying, joined by March team mate Raul Boesel, Manfred Winkelhock in the ATS and Tommy Byrne's Theodore.[1] Incredibly, the 26 drivers that did qualify all recorded a time that was faster than the lap record, a feat that would not be matched in the future.

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time[3] Gap
1 28 United States Mario Andretti Ferrari 1:28.472
2 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 1:28.508 +0.035s
3 27 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari 1:28.830 +0.357s
4 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW 1:29.898 +1.425s
5 15 France Alain Prost Renault 1:30.026 +1.553s
6 16 France René Arnoux Renault 1:30.097 +1.624s
7 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:31.834 +3.361s
8 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Alfa Romeo 1:32.352 +3.879s
9 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 1:32.546 +4.073s
10 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:32.782 +4.309s
11 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:33.134 +4.661s
12 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:32.185 +4.712s
13 5 Ireland Derek Daly Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:32.333 +4.860s
14 25 United States Eddie Cheever Ligier-Matra 1:33.377 +4.904s
15 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Osella-Ford Cosworth 1:33.531 +5.048s
16 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Toleman-Hart 1:33.628 +5.155s
17 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:33.629 +5.156s
18 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Ensign-Ford Cosworth 1:34.058 +5.585s
19 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:34.343 +5.870s
20 4 United Kingdom Brian Henton Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:34.379 +5.906s
21 26 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 1:34.659 +6.186s
22 36 Italy Teo Fabi Toleman-Hart 1:34.780 +6.307s
23 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:34.964 +6.491s
24 30 Italy Mauro Baldi Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:34.977 +6.504s
25 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar ATS-Ford Cosworth 1:34.991 +6.518s
26 20 Brazil Chico Serra Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 1:35.230 +6.757s
DNQ 17 United Kingdom Rupert Keegan March-Ford Cosworth 1:35.323 +6.850s
DNQ 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-Ford Cosworth 1:35.701 +7.228s
DNQ 18 Brazil Raul Boesel March-Ford Cosworth 1:35.741 +7.274s
DNQ 33 Ireland Tommy Byrne Theodore-Ford Cosworth 1:36.032 +7.559s

GridEdit

The starting grid for the 1982 Italian Grand Prix is shown below:

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 1 ______________
Mario Andretti 2
______________ Nelson Piquet
Row 2 3 ______________
Patrick Tambay 4
______________ Riccardo Patrese
Row 3 5 ______________
Alain Prost 6
______________ René Arnoux
Row 4 7 ______________
Keke Rosberg 8
______________ Bruno Giacomelli
Row 5 9 ______________
Andrea de Cesaris 10
______________ Niki Lauda
Row 6 11 ______________
Michele Alboreto 12
______________ John Watson
Row 7 13 ______________
Derek Daly 14
______________ Eddie Cheever
Row 8 15 ______________
Jean-Pierre Jarier 16
______________ Derek Warwick
Row 9 17 ______________
Elio de Angelis 18
______________ Roberto Guerrero
Row 10 19 ______________
Marc Surer 20
______________ Brian Henton
Row 11 21 ______________
Jacques Laffite 22
______________ Teo Fabi
Row 12 23 ______________
Nigel Mansell 24
______________ Mauro Baldi
Row 13 25 ______________
Eliseo Salazar 26
______________ Chico Serra

RaceEdit

With Tambay deciding to race despite his trapped nerve (which continued to cause him pain) Ferrari were presented with their best chance of victory since the San Marino Grand Prix. With tifosi support and the most reliable car (at a track where engines were punished), the scarlet cars were assured for victory. It would be up to Renault and Brabham (whom continued to pursue their planned pitstops) to stop them, with Rosberg aiming for solid points to take the title.

ReportEdit

Andretti had not had much practice at starting the turbo Ferrari, a fact shown as Nelson Piquet, Tambay and Arnoux (Alain Prost should have led but put himself on the grass and fell back) beat the American to the first corner.[1] Their duel saw Piquet pull ahead, although Arnoux would take the lead before the end of the first lap, with Piquet being sized up by Tambay, Riccardo Patrese (whom squeezed past Andretti at Lesmo) and Andretti before falling away.[1]

The first lap saw the British Isles' representation take a devastating broadside, as Derek Warwick spun to avoid Derek Daly at the second chicane, with Brian Henton collecting both to put the trio out of the race. At the front, Brabham's day ended early, as both Piquet and Patrese fell to clutch issues on the sixth/seventh lap.[1] Prost would be the next leader to fall (having battled back to third), a fuel injector causing his engine to fail (and indeed his title hopes).[1] This came after Rosberg suffered a rear-wing failure while battling Bruno Giacomelli, with the Finn recovering to the pits for repairs.

These various dramas meant the battles expected through the field dissolved, with the race becoming more processional as it progressed, with Rosberg the only man moving up the field (having returned to the race in 16th).[1] Arnoux kept the Renault running to take his last victory for Renault, while Tambay and Andretti ensured a double podium for Ferrari behind him.[1] John Watson, meanwhile, had benefitted from other's misfortune to sneak into fourth, meaning the championship would have to be decided at the final race.[1] Michele Alboreto and Eddie Cheever claimed the final points in fifth and sixth, as Rosberg battled to eighth.[1]

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 16 France René Arnoux Renault 52 1:22:25.734 6 9
2 27 France Patrick Tambay Ferrari 52 +14.064 3 6
3 28 United States Mario Andretti Ferrari 52 +48.452 1 4
4 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 52 +1:27.845 12 3
5 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 51 +1 lap 11 2
6 25 United States Eddie Cheever Ligier-Matra 51 +1 lap 14 1
7 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 51 +1 lap 23
8 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 50 +2 laps 7
9 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar ATS-Ford Cosworth 50 +2 laps 25
10 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 50 +2 laps 9
11 20 Brazil Chico Serra Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 49 +3 laps 26
12 30 Italy Mauro Baldi Arrows-Ford Cosworth 49 +3 laps 24
NC 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Ensign-Ford Cosworth 40 Not Classified 18
Ret 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Ford Cosworth 33 Throttle jam 17
Ret 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Alfa Romeo 32 Damage 8
Ret 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 28 Ignition 19
Ret 15 France Alain Prost Renault 27 Fuel injector 5
Ret 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 21 Brakes 10
Ret 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Osella-Ford Cosworth 10 Lost wheel 15
Ret 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW 7 Clutch 2
Ret 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW 6 Clutch 4
Ret 26 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 5 Gearbox 21
Ret 36 Italy Teo Fabi Toleman-Hart 2 Engine 22
Ret 5 Ireland Derek Daly Williams-Ford Cosworth 0 Accident 13
Ret 35 United Kingdom Derek Warwick Toleman-Hart 0 Accident 16
Ret 4 United Kingdom Brian Henton Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 0 Accident 20
DNQ 17 United Kingdom Rupert Keegan March-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 18 Brazil Raul Boesel March-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 33 Ireland Tommy Byrne Theodore-Ford Cosworth

MilestonesEdit

  • Last pole position for Mario Andretti.
    • Also the last podium for Andretti.

StandingsEdit

Three drivers left the final European race of the season with a mathematical chance of the title, although with Didier Pironi still lying in a hospital bed, the title fight was down to two. Keke Rosberg had to score just one point in Caesars Palace to win the title, while John Watson had to win, regardless of Rosberg's finishing position. Alain Prost and René Arnoux, arguably, should have won the title as the Renault RE30B arguably the fastest car on the grid, but would have to be content with battling with Niki Lauda and Patrick Tambay to finish in the top five.

Ferrari held an eleven point advantage in the Constructors Championship, with fifteen the maximum available in the Championship. McLaren sat in second, while Renault were on the fifteen point margin in third, with all three in with a mathematical chance of the title. But, it was Ferrari's to lose, with Renault's unreliability and McLaren's non-turbo machinery hindering their chances of the title. 

Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 Finland Keke Rosberg 42
2 France Didier Pironi 39
3 United Kingdom John Watson 33 ▲1
4 France Alain Prost 31 ▼1
5 Austria Niki Lauda 30
6 France René Arnoux 29 ▲3
7 France Patrick Tambay 25 ▲3
8 Italy Elio de Angelis 23 ▼2
9 Italy Riccardo Patrese 21 ▼2
10 Brazil Nelson Piquet 20 ▼2
11 Italy Michele Alboreto 16
12 United States Eddie Cheever 11
13 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 7
14 Ireland Derek Daly 7
15 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 6
16 Canada Gilles Villeneuve 6
17 France Jacques Laffite 5
18 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 5
19 United States Mario Andretti 4 ▲7
20 France Jean-Pierre Jarier 3 ▼1
21 Switzerland Marc Surer 3 ▼1
22 Italy Bruno Giacomelli 2 ▼1
23 Chile Eliseo Salazar 2 ▼1
24 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock 2 ▼1
25 Italy Mauro Baldi 2 ▼1
26 Brazil Chico Serra 1 ▼1
Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 Italy Ferrari 74
2 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 63
3 France Renault 59 ▲1
4 United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 55 ▼1
5 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 30
6 United KingdomBrabham-BMW 22
7 United KingdomBrabham-Ford Cosworth 19
8 France Ligier-Matra 16
9 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 16
10 Italy Alfa Romeo 7
11 United Kingdom Arrows-Ford Cosworth 5
12 West Germany ATS-Ford Cosworth 4
13 Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth 3
14 Brazil Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 1

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: ITALIAN GP, 1982', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 1999), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr372.html, (Accessed 31/07/2015)
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named YT
  3. '1982 Italian Grand Prix: Qualifying', manipef1.com, (Manipe F1, 2004), http://www.manipef1.com/results/1982/italy/qualifying/, (Accessed 31/07/2015)
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