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 The 1982 Detroit Grand Prix saw Formula One make its début in "The Motor City" when the city hosted the seventh round on the 1982 championship.[1] The second of a record three races in the United States, the Detroit Grand Prix was intended to spread Formula One further across North America and its audiences.

The race witnessed some of the best performances of most driver's careers, none more so than John Watson, who came from seventeenth to win by over 30 seconds.[2]

BackgroundEdit

Ferrari announced that Patrick Tambay would take over the deceased Gilles Villeneuve's seat, although the Frenchman would not compete in Detroit.[1] Talbot announced that they would be returning to running the older spec Ligier-Matra JS17, after the car they débuted at Monaco was banned for being unsafe to drive (as Jacques Laffite had complained).[1] The Toleman team also opted not to send their pair of cars over to the States, cost of shipping being the most likely reason.

Championship leader Alain Prost was still recovering from the crash he suffered in Monaco, with a bruised foot a potential problem for him around the streets of Detroit. Regardless, Prost went into Detroit with a one point lead, despite having failed to score since taking victory in Brazil. John Watson and Didier Pironi were his closest followers, with Keke Rosberg and maiden Grand Prix winner Rccardo Patrese also in touching distance.

McLaren held a seven point advantage in the Constructors' Championship over both Renault and Ferrari, with the French team coming underfire for their reliability problems. Williams were just a point behind in fourth, while Brabham, Team Lotus and Tyrrell looked to be set to battle for fifth throughout the season.

Entry ListEdit

The full entry list for the 1982 Detroit Grand Prix is displayed below

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Nelson Piquet United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT50 BMW M12/13 L4t 1.5 G
2 Italy Riccardo Patrese United Kingdom Parmalat Racing Team Brabham BT49 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
3 Italy Michele Alboreto United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
4 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 011 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
5 Ireland Derek Daly United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
6 Finland Keke Rosberg United Kingdom TAG Williams Team Williams FW08 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
7 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
8 Austria Niki Lauda United Kingdom Marlboro McLaren International McLaren MP4/1B Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 M
9 West Germany Manfred Winkelhock West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
10 Chile Eliseo Salazar West Germany Team ATS ATS D5 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
11 Italy Elio de Angelis United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 91 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G
14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero United Kingdom Ensign Racing Ensign N181 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
15 France Alain Prost France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
16 France René Arnoux France Equipe Renault Elf Renault RE30B Renault EF1 V6t 1.5 M
17 Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
18 Brazil Raul Boesel United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
19 Spain Emilio de Villota United Kingdom Rothmans March Grand Prix Team March 821 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 A
20 Brazil Chico Serra Brazil Fittipaldi Automotive Fittipaldi F9 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Italy Marlboro Team Alfa Romeo Alfa Romeo 182 Alfa Romeo 1260 V12 3.0 M
25 United States Eddie Cheever France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS17 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
26 France Jacques Laffite France Equipe Talbot Gitanes Ligier JS17 Matra MS81 V12 3.0 M
28 France Didier Pironi Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 126C2 Ferrari 021 V6t 1.5 G
29 Switzerland Marc Surer United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
30 Italy Mauro Baldi United Kingdom Arrows Racing Team Arrows A4 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Italy Osella Squadra Course Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Italy Osella Squadra Course Osella FA1D Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 P
33 Netherlands Jan Lammers Hong Kong Theodore Racing Team Theodore TY02 Ford Cosworth DFV V8 3.0 G

Practice OverviewEdit

There were no major shocks in practice, although Jan Lammers was forced to withdraw after breaking his thumb in a crash.[1] This came after issues over the organisation of the new event meant that the planned Thursday practice had been cancelled (which had been intended to allow the drivers to learn the circuit better than normal practice time would have allowed).[2] A slightly reduced entry list meant that there was not a pre-qualifying session to reduce the field as had happened at the previous to meetings.

QualifyingEdit

Qualifying itself was split into two sessions, although fears about rain saw the majority of times set in the first session, as chaos throughout the field caused spins and several surprise results.[2] Chief among these was defending World Champion Nelson Piquet, who failed to qualify for the race (joined by Emilio de Villota and the already withdrawn Lammers).[1] Watson scrapped through to take seventeenth, while his team mate Niki Lauda had only just managed to take tenth , although even their struggles couldn't explain the result at the front.[1]

Prost had taken (perhaps slightly unexpectedly given his foot) pole in the Renault, while Andrea de Cesaris, doing a lot to reverse the reputation he had earned for being unreliable, put the unfancied Alfa Romeo in second (his team mate Bruno Giacomelli claiming sixth).[1] Didier Pironi and Keke Rosberg took their usual second row slots, while Manfred Winkelhock surprised the entire field by putting his unfancied ATS-Ford Cosworth onto the third row, massively quicker than team mate Eliseo Salazar.[1]

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time[3] Gap
1 15 France Alain Prost Renault 1:48.537
2 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 1:48.872 +0.335s
3 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:49.264 +0.727s
4 28 France Didier Pironi Ferrari 1:49.903 +1.366s
5 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-Ford Cosworth 1:50.066 +1.529s
6 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Alfa Romeo 1:50.252 +1.715s
7 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:50.294 +1.757s
8 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:50.443 +1.906s
9 25 United States Eddie Cheever Ligier-Matra 1:50.520 +1.983s
10 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:51.026 +2.489s
11 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Ensign-Ford Cosworth 1:51.039 +2.502s
12 5 Ireland Derek Daly Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:51.227 +2.690s
13 26 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 1:51.270 +2.733s
14 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-Ford Cosworth 1:51.508 +2.971s
15 16 France René Arnoux Renault 1:51.514 +2.977s
16 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:51.618 +3.081s
17 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:51.868 +3.331s
18 17 Germany Jochen Mass March-Ford Cosworth 1:52.271 +3.734s
19 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:52.316 +3.779s
20 4 United Kingdom Brian Henton Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:52.867 +4.330s
21 18 Brazil Raul Boesel March-Ford Cosworth 1:52.870 +4.333s
22 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Osella-Ford Cosworth 1:52.988 +4.451s
23 32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Osella-Ford Cosworth 1:54.084 +5.547s
24 30 Italy Mauro Baldi Arrows-Ford Cosworth 1:54.332 +5.795s
25 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar ATS-Ford Cosworth 1:55.633 +7.096s
26 11 Brazil Chico Serra Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 1:55.848 +7.311s
DNQ 19 Spain Emilio de Villota March-Ford Cosworth DNQ
DNQ 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW DNQ
WD 33 Netherlands Jan Lammers Theodore-Ford Cosworth Withdrawn

GridEdit

The starting grid for the 1982 Detroit Grand Prix is shown below.

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 1 ______________
Alain Prost 2
______________ Andrea de Cesaris
Row 2 3 ______________
Keke Rosberg 4
______________ Didier Pironi
Row 3 5 ______________
Manfred Winkelhock 6
______________ Bruno Giacomelli
Row 4 7 ______________
Nigel Mansell 8
______________ Elio de Angelis
Row 5 9 ______________
Eddie Cheever 10
______________ Niki Lauda
Row 6 11 ______________
Roberto Guerrero 12
______________ Derek Daly
Row 7 13 ______________
Jacques Laffite 14
______________ Riccardo Patrese
Row 8 15 ______________
René Arnoux 16
______________ Michele Alboreto
Row 9 17 ______________
John Watson 18
______________ Jochen Mass
Row 10 19 ______________
Marc Surer 20
______________ Brian Henton
Row 11 21 ______________
Raul Boesel 22
______________ Jean-Pierre Jarier
Row 12 23 ______________
* 24
______________ Mauro Baldi
Row 13 25 ______________
Eliseo Salazar 26
______________ Chico Serra
  • * Riccardo Paletti had qualified in 23rd place, but missed the start after crashing in the warm-up on Sunday.

RaceEdit

Riccardo Paletti missed the start of the race after an accident in the warm-up, while Prost was still suffering with the pain in his foot.[1] Nonetheless, the Frenchman would start the race from pole.[1]

ReportEdit

The race around Detroit got off to a bang, with Raul Boesel and Mauro Baldi going off virtually at the start, with Winkelhock, rather disappointingly, joining them after a lap.[1] Jean-Pierre Jarier and de Cesaris were the next to go, before the race was halted on the seventh lap.[1] The Columbian Roberto Guerrero tapped the side of Elio de Angelis' Lotus going into the first corner, with Guerrero spinning into the barrier at turn one (de Angelis would survive until lap 18 when his gearbox failed).[1] Riccardo Patrese, unsighted as Watson and Jochen Mass moved to miss the accident, swerved around the spinning Ensign and slammed into the wall, his car catching fire shortly after.[1] The marshalls were untrained and hence unable to get the cars removed while the race went on, meaning the race was stopped for over an hour.[1] More importantly, however, none of the drivers were hurt in these incidents.[1]

The cars were made to do another standing start, with Prost again starting on pole (having had a rather painful first start with his injured foot), with Pironi now staring second and Keke Rosberg third (two of his nearest title contenders).[1] Rosberg jumped the Ferrari at the restart, but could do little to beat the Renault, which quickly established a lead over the Fin.[1] Pironi, meanwhile, was doing a good impression of a road block, holding Giacomelli and Eddie Cheever up for half the race distance, before the McLarens of Niki Lauda and Watson (who was storming through the midfield) joined the fray.[1]

Drama arose at the front, however, as Prost, on the twenty third lap encountered a fuel problem, drastically reducing the Renault's power, allowing Rosberg to fly past for the lead.[1] He gradually fell into the clutches of the Pironi passenger line, as Giacomelli lost a position to Lauda by getting on the power too early out of the second corner, barely managing to keep the Alfa on the road.[1] A few laps later, he would put himself out of the race by trying to retake sixth from the charging Watson, clipping the rear wheel of the Brit and breaking his own suspension.[1]

A majestic display by Watson followed, as he passed Lauda (who gave his team mate more than enough room to get past), Cheever and Pironi in a single lap, before catching and passing race leader Rosberg a few minutes later.[1] Lauda soon made his way past the Ligier and the Ferrari, before starting after the slowing Williams himself, only to retire after a clumsy pass on the Fin damaged his car.[1] Pironi, meanwhile, fell to Cheever, who then, with the red road block in tow, swung around the ailing Williams to take second.[1]

By the end of the race (which finished a lap early due to time constraints), Watson had built a thirty second lead to take victory, with Cheever taking his best ever career result in second.[1] Pironi took third having survived a tap from Cheever's team mate Jacques Laffite (whom finished sixth), while Rosberg and his team mate Derek Daly completed the points scorers.[1]

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired* Grid Points
1 7 United Kingdom John Watson McLaren-Ford Cosworth 62 1:58:41.043s 17 9
2 25 United States Eddie Cheever Ligier-Matra 62 +15.726s 9 6
3 28 France Didier Pironi Ferrari 62 +28.077s 4 4
4 6 Finland Keke Rosberg Williams-Ford Cosworth 62 1:11.976 3 3
5 5 Ireland Derek Daly Williams-Ford Cosworth 62 1:23.757 12 2
6 26 France Jacques Laffite Ligier-Matra 61 +1 lap 13 1
7 17 Germany Jochen Mass March-Ford Cosworth 61 +1 lap 18
8 29 Switzerland Marc Surer Arrows-Ford Cosworth 61 +1 lap 19
9 4 United Kingdom Brian Henton Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 60 +2 laps 20
10 16 France René Arnoux Renault 59 +3 laps 15
11 20 Brazil Chico Serra Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 59 +3 laps 26
NC 15 France Alain Prost Renault 54 +8 laps 1
Ret 12 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Lotus-Ford Cosworth 44 Engine 7
Ret 8 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-Ford Cosworth 40 Accident 10
Ret 3 Italy Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 40 Spin 16
Ret 23 Italy Bruno Giacomelli Alfa Romeo 30 Accident 6
Ret 11 Italy Elio de Angelis Lotus-Ford Cosworth 17 Gearbox 8
Ret 10 Chile Eliseo Salazar ATS-Ford Cosworth 13 Accident 25
Ret 14 Colombia Roberto Guerrero Ensign-Ford Cosworth 6 Accident 11
Ret 2 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-Ford Cosworth 6 Accident 14
Ret 22 Italy Andrea de Cesaris Alfa Romeo 2 Transmission 2
Ret 31 France Jean-Pierre Jarier Osella-Ford Cosworth 2 Ignition 22
Ret 9 Germany Manfred Winkelhock ATS-Ford Cosworth 1 Spin 5
Ret 18 Brazil Raul Boesel March-Ford Cosworth 0 Accident 21
Ret 30 Italy Mauro Baldi Arrows-Ford Cosworth 0 Accident 24
DNS 32 Italy Riccardo Paletti Osella-Ford Cosworth 0 Warm-up Accident 23
DNQ 19 Spain Emilio de Villota March-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 1 Brazil Nelson Piquet Brabham-BMW
WD 33 Netherlands Jan Lammers Theodore-Ford Cosworth

* The result was based on an aggregate of the times from the first six laps (before the race was stopped) and the remaining 56 laps (after the race was stopped).

MilestonesEdit

  • First time that Detroit hosted a Grand Prix.
    • The second of three American based Grand Prix in 1982 (the only time this would happen).
  • Best qualifying for Manfred Winkelhock.
  • First time that Nelson Piquet had failed to qualify for a race.
  • First time that Alain Prost had not topped the championship table in 1982.

StandingsEdit

Alain Prost's five race run without points finally cost him the lead in the Championship, as John Watson and Didier Pironi climbed ahead of him through their podiums. Keke Rosberg and Riccardo Patrese held station in fourth and fifth, while Jacques Laffite became the newest face on the 1982 scoreboard through his strong weekend. Eddie Cheever was another winner, as he climbed into the top ten for the first time all season, displacing the late Gilles Villeneuve.

McLaren extended their lead in the Constructors' Championship after Watson's win, with Ferrari and Williams locked together on 26 (the Italians ahead on wins). Renault were being punished for poor reliability, and now sat in fourth, as Brabham and Team Lotus held station in fifth and sixth. Talbot Ligier's weekend had also been profitable, as they overtook Tyrrell through a double points finish.

1982 Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 United Kingdom John Watson 26 ▲1
2 France Didier Pironi 20 ▲1
3 France Alain Prost 18 ▼2
4 Finland Keke Rosberg 17
5 Italy Riccardo Patrese 13
6 Austria Niki Lauda 12
7 United States Eddie Cheever 10 ▲6
8 Italy Michele Alboreto 10 ▼1
9 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell 7 ▼1
10 Italy Elio de Angelis 7 ▼1
11 Canada Gilles Villeneuve 6 ▼1
12 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 6 ▼1
13 Italy Andrea de Cesaris 4 ▼1
14 France René Arnoux 4 ▼1
15 France Jean-Pierre Jarier 3
16 Ireland Derek Daly 3 ▲3
17 Brazil Nelson Piquet 2 ▼1
18 Chile Eliseo Salazar 2 ▼1
19 Germany Manfred Winkelhock 2 ▼1
20 France Jacques Laffite 1 ▲1
21 Brazil Chico Serra 1 ▼1

Only point scoring drivers are shown.


1982 Constructors' World Championship
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 38
2 Italy Ferrari 26 ▲1
3 United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 26 ▲1
4 France Renault 22 ▼2
5 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 14
6 United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 13
7 France Ligier-Matra 13 ▲1
8 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 10 ▼1
9 Italy Alfa Romeo 4
10 Germany ATS-Ford Cosworth 4
11 Italy Osella-Ford Cosworth 3
12 United Kingdom Brabham-BMW 2
13 Brazil Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 1

Only point scoring constructors are shown.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: UNITED STATES GP, 1982', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 1999), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr364.html, (Accessed 28/07/2015)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 '1982 Detroit Grand Prix', wikipedia.org, (WikiMedia, 28/07/2015), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1982_Detroit_Grand_Prix, (Accessed 28/07/2015)
  3. 'FORMULA ONE - RACECARD: Detroit Grand Prix Qualifying 1982', f1pulse.com, (F1PULSE.COM, 2015), http://f1pulse.com/racecard/USA-Detroit_1982/3D4042/race_card_qualify.aspx, (Accessed 27/07/2015)
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