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The 1975 Austrian Grand Prix, otherwise officially known as the XIII Großer Preis von Österreich and the 1975 European Grand Prix, was the twelfth round of the 1975 FIA Formula One World Championship, staged at the Österreichring on the 17th August 1975.[1] The race would see a shock victory for March in heavy rain, although the entire weekend would be marred by the deaths of Mark Donohue and a track marshal after an accident in the warm-up.[1]

Qualifying had passed with only one major incident, Wilson Fittipaldi breaking two bones in his hand, as Niki Lauda swept to yet another pole in the dry.[1] The Austrian racer was keen to win his home race, and knew that victory would secure him a maiden World Championship for Ferrari.[1] He would share the front row with junior rival James Hunt, while Emerson Fittipaldi and Hans-Joachim Stuck split the second row.[1]

Donohue's accident came during the warm-up session on Sunday morning, a tyre failure sending his March over the barriers at Hella Licht and into an advertising hoarding.[1] The American racer received an ultimately terminal blow to the head, while pieces of catch fencing and car struck two marshals.[1] All three would be taken off the Graz for hospital treatment by helicopter, as the rest of the day was delayed due to the accident.[1]

The delay allowed some dark clouds to gather over the Styrian Mountains, which duly dumped their contents on the circuit as the field gathered on the grid.[1] That, however, would not be enough to deny Lauda an early lead at his home race, the Austrian race sprinting clear of Hunt off the line.[1]

Lauda quickly established a small lead, leaving Hunt to fend off the chasing pack as the rain continued to hammer onto the circuit.[1] Hunt's extra-wide Hesketh allowed Vittorio Brambilla to weave his way up the order, the Italian rising from the lower reaches of the top ten to third in a little over five laps.[1]

Brambilla's sudden climb prompted Hunt into action, the Brit suddenly beginning to draw in Lauda as Brambilla latched onto his gearbox.[1] On lap fifteen both went sailing past the Ferrari to take the lead, Lauda opting for a more cautious approach as the rain continued to lash down.[1] His lack of pace would ulitmately allow Tom Pryce, Jochen Mass and Ronnie Peterson to get ahead of him before the finish.[1]

Out front, Brambilla would continue harrassing the back of Hunt's Hesketh, awaiting more than a half chance to take the lead.[1] That opportunity would ultimately come on the nineteenth lap as the pair came to lap debutante Brett Lunger, with Brambilla diving past an unsighted Hunt before establishing a small lead of his own.[1]

With that the race was done, with several team bosses calling for the race to be stopped.[1] The result was duly declared at the end of lap 29 to leave Brambilla as the winner, although the Italian's celebrations caused him to crash on his slow-down lap.[1] Hunt crusied home second well clear of Pryce, with Mass, Peterson and Lauda completing the scorers.[1]

Two days after the race, it was announced that Donohue and one of the marshals had succumbed to their injuries, both suffering complications as a result of severe head trauma.[1]

BackgroundEdit

Two weeks after the annual visit to the Nürburgring, the F1 circus arrived in Austria to take on a less stressful challenge: The Österreichring.[2] The circuit hidden around the Styrian mountains remained unchanged since 1974, although the run-off areas did feature some extra tiers of catch fencing.[2] Likewise, the entry list featured some more padding than it had previously, with some notable returnees to the paddock hoping to make a mark.[2]

Heading the charge into Austria would be the Ensign team, who drafted in F1 veteran Chris Amon to lead their two car effort, partnering Roelof Wunderink.[2] Another man making a comeback was the previously injured Rolf Stommelen, who rejoined Hill to partner Tony Brise.[2] This left Alan Jones without a seat, although rumours around the paddock suggested that the Australian racer would be back before the end of the season after an impressive couple of races.[2]

Surtees, meanwhile, made a comeback after missing out on the German Grand Prix, John Watson returning to lead a two car effort alongside local racer Ewald Boisitz.[2] Another effort making a comeback were Matra, whom had decided to supply engines to Shadow as they sought to move beyond the Ford Cosworth faction they usual led.[2] Frenchman Jean-Pierre Jarier was therefore handed the wheel of the new DN7, while Tom Pryce was left with the pick of the three Cosworth engined DN5s.[2]

Elsewhere, Hesketh were back up to fielding three drivers, as American racer Brett Lunger was partnered with James Hunt in the "factory" cars.[2] The third car was to be found in the hands of Austrian journalist Harald Ertl once again, whose sponsor the Warsteiner Brewery had had the car painted gold.[2] The new 308C was also expected to make an appearance, but neither news nor sight of the updated design.[2]

BRM were back with a two car effort, although with only one driver in the form of Bob Evans, they could only hope that enough cars ahead of them retired.[2] Williams had also managed to get back to a two car effort, with Ian Ashley' wrecked FW rebuilt around a new monocoque the team had "found" in their parts bin.[2] The Brit was still recovering from his ankle injuries, however, and so Swiss racer Jo Vonlanthen was handed a debut alongside podium finisher Jacques Laffite.[2]

A rejuvenated March quartet arrived in Austria unchanged after the battle with the Nürburgring, with Vittorio Brambilla leading their charge in the orange-white Beta Tools liveried car.[2] The two Levazza sponsored cars of Hans-Joachim Stuck and Lella Lombardi were also in top condition, as was the customer car run by the Penske team for Mark Donohue.[2] The latter pairing's arch rivals Parnelli, meanwhile, arrived with their two familiar cars for Mario Andretti to pick from.[2]

The rather gloomy Lotus effort would arrive at the Österreichring in no better shape than before, with Ronnie Peterson and Brian Henton having to run without a spare car.[2] McLaren were in a similar position, albeit with a far more competitive pair of M23s for Emerson Fittipaldi and Jochen Mass.[2] Those two British efforts were therefore outnumbered by the two back marker teams Maki and Fittipaldi, whom both had two cars for Tony Trimmer and Wilson Fittipaldi respectively.[2]

Healthier efforts were to be found at Tyrrell, who had their usual three car compliment for Patrick Depailler and Jody Schechkter to try.[2] Likewise, the ever proffessional Brabham effort had three BT44Bs prepared for Carlos Reutemann and Carlos Pace, amid speculation that a deal with Alfa Romeo had been signed.[2] Completing the charge into Austria, however, would be the Ferrari effort, who fielded three cars for Championship leader Niki Lauda and Clay Regazzoni, all freshly rebuilt.[2] Of the two it was Lauda who was expected to shine, knowing that he could win the World Championship with victory on home soil, a rare achievement in any sport, let alone Formula One.[2]

Victory in Germany had allowed Reutemann to move back ahead of Emerson Fittipaldi in the World Championship standings, but Lauda's third place on the Nordschleife was enough to draw his lead out to seventeen points. Hunt had retained fourth ahead of Pace, both still in the fight for second, while Scheckter remained in sixth. Elsewhere, Laffite was in the top ten after his maiden podium, while Jones and van Lennep broke into the top twenty.

Ferrari saw their lead over Brabham-Ford Cosworth cut to just three points in Germany, the attritional race meaning the British squad still had real hopes of taking the International Cup for Manufacturers. McLaren-Ford Cosworth had lost ground in third, while Hesketh-Ford Cosworth were still fending off Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth for fourth. Shadow-Ford Cosworth, meanwhile, moved ahead of Team Lotus-Ford Cosworth, leaving the Norfolk squad level on points with new boys Williams-Ford Cosworth.

Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entreat Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
1 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren McLaren M23 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
2 Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom Marlboro Team McLaren McLaren M23 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
3 South Africa Jody Scheckter United Kingdom Elf Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 007 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
4 France Patrick Depailler United Kingdom Elf Team Tyrrell Tyrrell 007 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
5 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 72E Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
6 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom John Player Team Lotus Lotus 72F Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
7 Argentina Carlos Reutemann United Kingdom Martini Racing Brabham BT44B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
8 Brazil Carlos Pace United Kingdom Martini Racing Brabham BT44B Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
9 Italy Vittorio Brambilla United Kingdom Beta Team March March 751 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
10 West Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck United Kingdom Lavazza March March 751 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
11 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312T Ferrari 015 3.0 F12 G
12 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 312T Ferrari 015 3.0 F12 G
14 United Kingdom Bob Evans United Kingdom Stanley BRM BRM P201 BRM P200 3.0 V12 G
16 United Kingdom Tom Pryce United States UOP Shadow Racing Team Shadow DN5 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
17 France Jean-Pierre Jarier United States UOP Shadow Racing Team Shadow DN7 Matra MS73 3.0 V12 G
18 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Team Surtees Surtees TS16 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
19 Austria Ewald Boisitz United Kingdom Team Surtees Surtees TS16 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
20 Switzerland Jo Vonlanthen United Kingdom Frank Williams Racing Cars Williams FW Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
21 France Jacques Laffite United Kingdom Frank Williams Racing Cars Williams FW04 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
22 West Germany Rolf Stommelen United Kingdom Embassy Racing with Graham Hill Hill GH1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
23 United Kingdom Tony Brise United Kingdom Embassy Racing with Graham Hill Hill GH1 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
24 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom Hesketh Racing Hesketh 308 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
25 United States Brett Lunger United Kingdom Hesketh Racing Hesketh 308 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
27 United States Mario Andretti United States Vel's Parnelli Jones Racing Parnelli VPJ4 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
28 United States Mark Donohue United States Penske Cars March 751 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
29 Italy Lella Lombardi United Kingdom Lavazza March March 751 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
30 Brazil Wilson Fittipaldi Brazil Copersucar-Fittipaldi Fittipaldi FD03 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
31 New Zealand Chris Amon United Kingdom Team Ensign Ensign N175 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
32 Austria Harald Ertl Austria Warsteiner Brewery Hesketh 308 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
33 Netherlands Reolof Wunderink United Kingdom Team Ensign Ensign N174 Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
35 United Kingdom Tony Trimmer Japan Maki Engineering Maki FC101C Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8 G
Source:[3]

Practice OverviewEdit

QualifyingEdit

Friday and Saturday were handed over to practice for the Austrian Grand Prix, with four sessions scheduled across the two days.[2] The weather remained consistent on Friday, staying dry and warm, but Saturday would be cold and grey, with the final session proving to be a near washout.[2] Regardless, the "ace" drivers at the front of the field would be aiming to best the circuit record, currently held by Emerson Fittipaldi with a 1:34.98, set in 1973.[2]

ReportEdit

The first session of the weekend was, somewhat inevitably, dominated by Niki Lauda, the Austrian racer recording a 1:35.14 to head the time sheets at the end of the Friday morning.[2] Teammate Clay Regazzoni was also up in the 1:35.00s, although the two Ferraris were split by Fittipaldi's McLaren.[2] Patrick Depailler would be the only other man to record a sub-1:36.00 effort as the field broke for lunch.[2]

Elsewhere, Carlos Reutemann went for a walk around the Österreichring after breaking his transmission, although he barely managed half a lap in the spare car before it dumped its oil on the track.[2] Mario Andretti, meanwhile, would blow an engine in his preferred Parnelli, while Vittorio Brambilla had to stop early as his March lost oil pressure.[2] Then, just as the session came to a close, Ronnie Peterson found himself sliding into the barriers after having to take avoiding action when trying to pass a slower car.[2]

Peterson's car looked to be a write-off when it was dumped back in the Lotus pitbox during lunch, meaning the Swede took over teammate Brian Henton's car.[2] The Brit was therefore left to sit and watch as Lauda once again stole the show, breaking the circuit record with a 1:34.85 to claim provisional pole.[2] Indeed, the only man to get close to the Austrian would be James Hunt, who benefited from cooling temperatures late in the afternoon to record the only other time in the 1:34.00s.[2]

Trouble still lurked throughout the field however, as Andretti crawled to a stop with his second engine failure of the weekend.[2] Bob Evans was another left out on the circuit when his BRM engine expired on the far side of the circuit, while Regazzoni suffered a rare failure early on in the F12 Ferrari.[2] Then, at the end of the session, Wilson Fittipaldi went flying into the catch fencing after a suspension failure, the new Fittipaldi destroyed and its owner pulled out with a broken hand.[2]

The miserable start to Saturday meant that there would be no real improvement at the peak of the field, although that did not meant that it was impossible for drivers to find time.[2] Indeed, the fastest man on Saturday morning proved to be Hans-Joachim Stuck, a 1:35.38 putting him up to fourth and therefore ahead of the second Ferrari of Regazzoni.[2] Teammate Brambilla also moved up the order by recording the second fastest run of the morning, although they were the exceptions to the rule.[2]

Indeed, most of Saturday morning was spent testing overnight repair work, as Peterson was handed his theoretically written off car after an all-nighter by Lotus.[2] This was fortunate, as teammate Henton would end the session by spearing the barriers in the #6 car, ending his hopes of a start on the spot as the Norfolk squad had run out of spares.[2] Others to suffer were Andretti, who blew his third engine in as many sessions, Carlos Pace who went pirouetting into the fencing at Hella Licht after a rear-axle failure, and the Maki which lost drive to the rear wheels.[2]

The dark clouds that had gathered over the Österreichring on Saturday morning would finally dump their load over the circuit over the lunch break, meaning the final session was a near washout.[2] Most would venture out for a couple of laps amid reports that the end of the race could be affected by rain, but there was little enthusiasm to do so.[2] As such it was Regazzoni who recorded the fastest time of the afternoon, a 1:54.09, although it was teammate Lauda who would start from pole.[2]

Qualifying ResultsEdit

The full qualifying results for the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Time Gap
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
1 12 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Ferrari 1:35.14 1:34.85 1:36.40 1:55.99
2 24 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 1:36.26 1:34.97 1:39.89 1:58.21 +0.12s
3 1 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:35.21 NI 1:36.36 1:59.59 +0.36s
4 10 West Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 1:36.43 1:36.38 1:35.38 1:55.49 +0.53s
5 11 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari 1:35.41 1:36.71T 1:36.64 1:54.09 +0.56s
6 8 Brazil Carlos Pace United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 1:35.71 NI 1:38.35 +0.86s
7 4 France Patrick Depailler United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:35.78 NI 1:37.82 1:55.57 +0.93s
8 9 Italy Vittorio Brambilla United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 1:37.36 1:36.01 1:35.80 1:55.50 +0.95s
9 2 West Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 1:36.88 1:36.12 1:37.52 1:56.81 +1.27s
10 3 South Africa Jody Scheckter United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 1:36.39 1:36.14 1:37.52 1:56.81 +1.29s
11 7 Argentina Carlos Reutemann United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 1:36.43 NI 1:37.98 1:58.75 +1.58s
12 21 France Jacques Laffite United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:38.44 1:37.60 1:38.25 +2.75s
13 5 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:37.61 1:37.70 2:01.72 +2.76s
14 17 France Jean-Pierre Jarier United States Shadow-Matra 1:37.76 NI 1:37.62 2:00.60 +2.77s
15 16 United Kingdom Tom Pryce United States Shadow-Ford Cosworth 1:37.64 1:37.70T 1:39.01 1:55.21 +2.79s
16 23 United Kingdom Tony Brise United Kingdom Hill-Ford Cosworth 1:42.47 1:37.69 1:39.00 1:56.12 +2.84s
17 25 United States Brett Lunger United Kingdom Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 1:39.49 1:37.87 1:39.78 2:00.68 +3.02s
18 18 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Surtees-Ford Cosworth 1:38.32 NI 1:37.96 2:07.44 +3.11s
19 27 United States Mario Andretti United States Parnelli-Ford Cosworth 1:39.61 1:37.97T 1:40.05 1:56.09T +3.12s
20* 30 Brazil Wilson Fittipaldi Brazil Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth 1:38.14 NI +3.29s
21 28 United States Mark Donohue United States March-Ford Cosworth 1:39.52 1:39.00 1:38.19 2:02.01 +3.34s
22 29 Italy Lella Lombardi United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 1:38.87 1:38.86 1:38.43 +3.58s
23 6 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 1:39.27 1:38.72 +3.87s
24 31 New Zealand Chris Amon United Kingdom Ensign-Ford Cosworth 1:39.40 1:38.75 1:40.31 1:57.29 +3.90s
25 14 United Kingdom Bob Evans United Kingdom BRM 1:41.54 NI 1:39.53 1:57.77 +4.68s
26 22 West Germany Rolf Stommelen United Kingdom Hill-Ford Cosworth 1:39.56 NI 1:46.01 1:57.25 +4.71s
27 32 Austria Harald Ertl Austria Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 1:41.41 1:40.72 1:42.25 2:15.20 +5.87s
28 33 Netherlands Roelof Wunderink United Kingdom Ensign-Ford Cosworth 1:42.58 NI 1:46.35 2:09.25 +7.73s
29 20 Switzerland Jo Vonlanthen United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 1:46.33 1:42.80 1:57.72 +7.95s
DNQ 35 United Kingdom Tony Trimmer Japan Maki-Ford Cosworth 1:47.76 1:44.88 1:45.40 +10.03s
WD 19 Austria Ewald Boisitz United Kingdom Surtees-Ford Cosworth Withdrawn
Source:[2][4]
  • T Indicates a driver used their test/spare car to set their best time in that session.
  • Bold indicates a driver's best/qualifying time.
  • NI - No Improvement: The timekeepers in Austria did not record a driver's best time on Friday afternoon unless they improved on their morning effort.
  • * Wilson Fittipaldi was unable to start after breaking his hand on Friday.
  • Donohue was unable to start the race due to his fatal accident in the warm-up.
  • Henton unable to start after crashing on Saturday.

Grid*Edit

Pos Pos
Driver Driver
______________
Row 1 1 ______________
Niki Lauda 2
______________ James Hunt
Row 2 3 ______________
Emerson Fittipaldi 4
______________ Hans-Joachim Stuck
Row 3 5 ______________
Clay Regazzoni 6
______________ Carlos Pace
Row 4 7 ______________
Patrick Depailler 8
______________ Vittorio Brambilla
Row 5 9 ______________
Jochen Mass 10
______________ Jody Scheckter
Row 6 11 ______________
Carlos Reutemann 12
______________ Jacques Laffite
Row 7 13 ______________
Ronnie Peterson 14
______________ Jean-Pierre Jarier
Row 8 15 ______________
Tom Pryce 16
______________ Tony Brise
Row 9 17 ______________
Brett Lunger 18
______________ John Watson
Row 10 19 ______________
Mario Andretti 20
______________ Lella Lombardi
Row 11 21 ______________
Chris Amon 22
______________ Bob Evans
Row 12 23 ______________
Rolf Stommelen 24
______________ Harald Ertl
Row 13 25 ______________
Roelof Wunderink 26
______________ Jo Vonlanthen
  • * Wilson Fittipaldi, Donohue and Henton were all unable to start the race after accidents, meaning they were removed from the grid.

RaceEdit

Race morning on Sunday dawned bright and warm, with an estimated 140,000 strong crowd gathering at the side of the circuit, many of whom had camped out since Friday.[2] The teams had been busy working overnight to get their cars fighting fit, although there was conformation at Lotus that Brian Henton could not start.[2] That gave Tony Trimmer and the Maki half a chance of starting, but the organisers decided that he had lapped too slow to safely take part.[2]

Warm-upEdit

The now familiar pre-race warm-up session began at 9:00am, with most of the field taking to the track to check their cars were fighting fit.[2] In the middle of the session, Mark Donohue suffered a puncture while taking the flat-out Hella Licht corner at the start of the lap, sending his March into the crash fencing.[2] However, the American racer was carrying so much momentum that the fencing simply bundled under the car and launched it over the Armco, with Donohue and bits of fence slamming into the advertising hoarding just behind.[2]

Donohue was pulled from the car having taken a blow to the head, but was conscious when he arrived at the medical centre at the circuit.[2] Two marshals were also brought in to the medical centre as the accident was cleared, although all three were taken by helicopter to a hospital Graz.[2] En-route to hospital, Donohue fell unconscious and would subsequently die following an operation to relieve the pressure in his head.[2] His death, and that of one of the marshals, would be reported in the week following the race.[2]

As Donohue and the marshals were whisked away, the organisers saw their schedule completely demolished, with support races shortened to try and keep the Grand Prix start on time.[2] It was not to be, however, and as the cars finally made their way to the grid, rain began to pound around the Styrian mountains.[2] The result was chaos as teams furiously worked to put wet tyres on their cars, although all 26 starters were more or less ready when the starter's flag finally dropped.[2]

ReportEdit

With the rain now hammering down the twenty-four qualifiers, as well as Jo Vonlanthen and Roelof Wunderink who were allowed to start after Donohue and Henton's troubles, lined up on the grid decked out in full wet attire.[2] For all the drama of the morning, however, the start of the race proved to be rather tame, with pole sitter Niki Lauda slithering into the lead.[2] Behind, James Hunt held his Hesketh in second, while Patrick Depailler shot through the spray to third, having lined up in seventh.[2]

The opening lap saw the field quickly settle into a steady rhythm, the only change to the order after the first corner coming when Bob Evans pulled the BRM off with a ruined engine.[2] Lauda duly headed the train across the line from Hunt and Depailler, with Vittorio Brambilla tucked in the spray in fourth.[2] The order would go unchanged through to lap three, when Mario Andretti spun into the barriers after hitting a deep puddle.[2]

As Andretti dropped out, Lauda and Hunt began to pull clear of Depailler, leaving the Frenchman to defend from the charging Brambilla.[2] Depailler's task was made all the more difficult as his front wheels were out of balance, meaning the #4 Tyrrell had some bizarre handling characteristics.[2] He was able to hold off the Italian until lap five, by which stage a train had formed up behind him covering himself in fourth to Tony Brise in tenth.[2]

Indeed, Brise was among those really beginning to thrive in the conditions, looking set to take Tom Pryce and Jochen Mass as the trio fought one another to make progress.[2] Their battle opened just as the heavy rain stopped, causing most of the pit crews to dart into the paddock for slick tyres, particularly as the spray began to disappear.[2] By lap ten the rain had stopped completely, although dark clouds still loomed around the circuit.[2]

Out front, meanwhile, Lauda was edging clear of second placed Hunt as the Brit began to glance in his mirrors to check on the incoming Brambilla.[2] Ronnie Peterson, meanwhile, had barged his way past Depailler for fourth, finally showing some of his lost fire, while Emerson Fittipaldi lost out to Mass after a failed attempt to take the ailing Tyrrell.[2] Indeed, Mass was able to take both Depailler and Fittipaldi in short order, before tagging onto the back of Peterson as the Swede tried to sprint away.[2]

Elsewhere, Jody Scheckter was out of serious contention after a puncture, picked up on the fourth tour while he was running in seventh.[2] Hans-Joachim Stuck had also been in a promising position until he hit trouble, the March spinning into the barriers on lap twelve.[2] Jean-Pierre Jarier was a frequent pit visitor with a fuel feed issue, ultimately retiring after twelve slow laps, while Brise's encouraging run was over after fourteen laps when a wheel weight flew off the Hill, forcing him to stop for a new set of tyres.[2]

As Brise swooped into the pits, the rain returned to the Österreichring, falling significantly harder than before.[2] Lauda immediately reduced his pace at the start of the onslaught, allowing Hunt and Brambilla to slither up behind him at the start of lap fifteen.[2] Indeed, the Austrian was so put off by downpour that Hunt and Brambilla elbowed their way past into Hella Licht, before quickly disappearing into the distance.[2]

The rain continued to hammer the circuit as Hunt and Brambilla sprinted into the lead, with the Italian's March slithering around in the wake of the Hesketh with clear intent to get past.[2] Three laps of intense pressure ultimately proved enough for Brambilla to take the lead, the Italian sending his March sliding past Hunt's Hesketh into Bosch.[2] Such was Brambilla's pace that Hunt was denied the chance of taking retribution, the Italian pulling over a second clear before the end of lap nineteen.[2]

As they duelled for the lead, Lauda was left in a lonely third, the immediate pressure off as Peterson swept into the pits for a clear visor.[2] Carlos Pace, meanwhile, was out of action with a number of issues on the Brabham, having had an ill-sounding engine since the start.[2] Depailler's hopes of points were also over as he finally stopped to get his front wheels changed, while late comer Vonlanthen was out with an engine issue.[2]

Back with the healthy runners and Lauda looked to have lost all his confidence, allowing Mass and Pryce to charge past without any resistance.[2] The sister car of Clay Regazzoni had been at the tail end of the top ten all race and was also struggling, almost getting broadsided by a charging Peterson as the Swede recovered up the order.[2] As the Ferrari's struggled on track, their team boss led a call to have the race stopped prematurely, with thunder and lightening hailing another increase in rain fall.[2]

The teams' petition ultimately saw the chequered flag thrown at the end of lap 29, with the result to be declared as the order had stood at the end of thje lap.[2] This was particularly good news for Brambilla, who spotted the chequered flag, waved to the March team to celebrate his victory, before spinning into the barriers to wipe off the front of the March.[2] Hunt cruised home to second, while Mass spun on final tour, recovering back onto the circuit moments after Pryce flashed past for third.[2]

Elsewhere, Peterson took both Ferraris in the closing stages to claim fifth, leaving Lauda and Regazzoni to finish sixth and seventh, claiming a measly half-a-point between them.[2] Scheckter came home a lap down in eighth ahead of Fittipaldi, while John Watson completed the top ten.[2] Ultimately, eighteen cars made it to the flag in one of Formula One's wettest races, although there were to be some minor protests to restart the race, as the sun finally broke through the clouds just as Brambilla mounted the podium to celebrate his first victory.[2]

ResultsEdit

The full results for the 1975 Austrian Grand Prix are outlined below:

Pos. No. Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 9 Italy Vittorio Brambilla United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 29 0:57:56.69 8 4.5
2 24 United Kingdom James Hunt United Kingdom Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 29 +27.03s 2 3
3 16 United Kingdom Tom Pryce United States Shadow-Ford Cosworth 29 +34.85s 15 2
4 2 West Germany Jochen Mass United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 29 +1:12.66 9 1.5
5 5 Sweden Ronnie Peterson United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 29 +1:23.33 13 1
6 12 Austria Niki Lauda Italy Ferrari 29 +1:30.28 1 0.5
7 11 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni Italy Ferrari 29 +1:39.07 5
8 3 South Africa Jody Scheckter United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 10
9 1 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 3
10 18 United Kingdom John Watson United Kingdom Surtees-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 18
11 4 France Patrick Depailler United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 7
12 31 New Zealand Chris Amon United Kingdom Ensign-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 21
13 25 United States Brett Lunger United Kingdom Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 17
14 7 Argentina Carlos Reutemann United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 11
15 23 United Kingdom Tony Brise United Kingdom Hill-Ford Cosworth 28 +1 Lap 16
16 22 West Germany Rolf Stommelen United Kingdom Hill-Ford Cosworth 27 +2 Laps 23
17 29 Italy Lella Lombardi United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 26 +3 Laps 20
NC* 33 Netherlands Roelof Wunderink United Kingdom Ensign-Ford Cosworth 25 +4 Laps 25
Ret 32 Austria Harald Ertl Austria Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 23 Electrical 24
Ret 21 France Jacques Laffite United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 21 Handling 12
Ret 8 Brazil Carlos Pace United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 17 Engine 6
Ret 20 Switzerland Jo Vonlanthen United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 14 Engine 26
Ret 10 West Germany Hans Joachim Stuck United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 10 Accident 4
Ret 17 France Jean-Pierre Jarier United States Shadow-Matra 10 Injection 14
Ret 14 United Kingdom Bob Evans United Kingdom BRM 2 Engine 22
Ret 27 United States Mario Andretti United States Parnelli-Ford Cosworth 1 Accident 19
DNS 30 Brazil Wilson Fittipaldi Brazil Fittipaldi-Ford Cosworth
DNS 28 United States Mark Donohue United States March-Ford Cosworth
DNS 6 United Kingdom Brian Henton United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth
DNQ 35 United Kingdom Tony Trimmer Japan Maki-Ford Cosworth
WD 19 Austria Ewald Boisitz United Kingdom Surtees-Ford Cosworth
Source:[5]
  • * Wunderink could not be classified as he failed to complete 90% of the race distance.

MilestonesEdit

StandingsEdit

Half-points, combined with his failure to win, meant that Niki Lauda would have to wait at least another week to seal his maiden World Championship crown, needing only three points at the final two races. Carlos Reutemann and Emerson Fittipaldi were now the only two drivers would could deny the Austrian, but one of them would have to win both the remaining races to stand any chance. Realistically, they were instead fighting for second, with James Hunt and Carlos Pace also in that fight.

Ferrari left Austria having added half a point to their International Cup for Manufacturer's lead, now 3.5 ahead of second placed Brabham-Ford Cosworth. Those two looked set to duel for the title for the rest of the season, as McLaren-Ford Cosworth were ten points behind but secure in third. Hesketh-Ford Cosworth, meanwhile, would head into Italy still in fourth place, ahead of ex-Champions Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth.

Drivers' World Championship
Pos. Driver Pts +/-
1 Austria Niki Lauda 51.5
2 Argentina Carlos Reutemann 34
3 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 33
4 United Kingdom James Hunt 25
5 Brazil Carlos Pace 24
6 South Africa Jody Scheckter 19
7 Switzerland Clay Regazzoni 16
8 West Germany Jochen Mass 16
9 France Patrick Depailler 12
10 United Kingdom Tom Pryce 7 ▲2
11 Italy Vittorio Brambilla 6.5 ▲5
12 France Jacques Laffite 6 ▼2
13 United States Mario Andretti 5 ▼2
14 Sweden Ronnie Peterson 4 ▲1
15 United States Mark Donohue 4 ▼2
16 Belgium Jacky Ickx 3 ▼2
17 Australia Alan Jones 2
18 France Jean-Pierre Jarier 1.5
19 United Kingdom Tony Brise 1
20 Netherlands Gijs van Lennep 1
21 Italy Lella Lombardi 0.5
International Cup for Manufacturers
Pos. Team Pts +/-
1 Italy Ferrari 54.5
2 United Kingdom Brabham-Ford Cosworth 51 (53)
3 United Kingdom McLaren-Ford Cosworth 41
4 United Kingdom Hesketh-Ford Cosworth 28
5 United Kingdom Tyrrell-Ford Cosworth 24
6 United States Shadow-Ford Cosworth 8.5
7 United Kingdom March-Ford Cosworth 7.5 ▲3
8 United Kingdom Lotus-Ford Cosworth 7 ▼1
9 United Kingdom Williams-Ford Cosworth 6 ▼1
10 United States Parnelli-Ford Cosworth 5 ▼1
11 United Kingdom Hill-Ford Cosworth 3
12 United States Penske-Ford Cosworth 2
13 United Kingdom Ensign-Ford Cosworth 1

ReferencesEdit

Images and Videos:

References:
  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 'GRAND PRIX RESULTS: AUSTRIAN GP, 1975', grandprix.com, (Inside F1 Inc., 2016), http://www.grandprix.com/gpe/rr262.html, (Accessed 26/11/2017)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 2.21 2.22 2.23 2.24 2.25 2.26 2.27 2.28 2.29 2.30 2.31 2.32 2.33 2.34 2.35 2.36 2.37 2.38 2.39 2.40 2.41 2.42 2.43 2.44 2.45 2.46 2.47 2.48 2.49 2.50 2.51 2.52 2.53 2.54 2.55 2.56 2.57 2.58 2.59 2.60 2.61 2.62 2.63 2.64 2.65 2.66 2.67 2.68 2.69 2.70 2.71 2.72 2.73 2.74 2.75 2.76 2.77 2.78 2.79 2.80 2.81 2.82 2.83 2.84 2.85 2.86 2.87 2.88 2.89 2.90 2.91 2.92 2.93 2.94 2.95 2.96 2.97 2.98 D.S.J., 'The Austrian Grand Prix: A washout', motorsportmagazine.com, (Motor Sport, 01/10/1975), http://www.motorsportmagazine.com/archive/article/october-1975/35/austrian-grand-prix , (Accessed 26/11/2017)
  3. 'Austria 1975: Entrants', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), http://www.statsf1.com/en/1975/autriche/engages.aspx, (Accessed 26/11/2017)
  4. 'Austria 1975: Qualifications', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), http://www.statsf1.com/en/1975/autriche/qualification.aspx, (Accessed 26/11/2017)
  5. 'Austria 1975: Result', statsf1.com, (Stats F1, 2016), http://www.statsf1.com/en/1975/autriche/classement.aspx, (Accessed 27/11/2017)
V T E 1975 Formula One Season
Constructors Brabham • BRM • Ensign • Ferrari • Fittipaldi • Hesketh • Hill • Lola • Lotus • Lyncar • Maki • March • McLaren • Parnelli • Penske • Shadow • Surtees • Tyrrell • Williams
Engines BRM • Ferrari • Ford Cosworth • Matra
Drivers Andretti • Ashley • Brambilla • Brise • Charlton • Crawford • Depailler • Donohue • Ertl • Evans • E. Fittipaldi • W. Fittipaldi • Fushida • Henton • Hill • Hunt • Ickx • Jabouille • Jarier • Jones • Keizan • Laffite • Lauda • Leclère • van Lennep • Lombardi • Magee • Mass • Merzario • Migault • Morgan • Nicholson • Pace • Palm • Peterson • Pryce • Regazzoni • Reutemann • I. Scheckter • J. Scheckter • Schuppan • Stommelen • Stuck • Trimmer • Tunmer • Vonlanthen • Watson • Wilds • Wunderink • Zorzi
Cars Brabham BT44 • BRM P201 • Ensign N174 • Ensign N175 • Ferrari 312B • Ferrari 312T • Fittipaldi FD01 • Fittipaldi FD02 • Fittipaldi FD03 • Hesketh 308 • Hill GH1 • Lola T370 • Lola T371 • Lotus 72 • Lyncar 006 • Maki F101 • March 741 • March 751 • McLaren M23 • Parnelli VPJ4 • Penske PC1 • Shadow DN3 • Shadow DN5 • Shadow DN7 • Surtees TS16 • Tyrrell 007 • Williams FW03 • Williams FW04
Tyres Firestone • Goodyear
Races Argentina • Brazil • South Africa • Spain • Monaco • Belgium • Sweden • Netherlands • France • Britain • Germany • Austria • Italy • United States
See also 1974 Formula One Season • 1976 Formula One Season • Category
V T E Austria Austrian Grand Prix
Circuits Zeltweg Airfield (1963–1964), Red Bull Ring (1970–1987, 1997-2003, 2014-present)
Circuit Red Bull Ring
Races 1963 • 1964 • 1965–1969 • 1970 • 1971 • 1972 • 1973 • 1974 • 1975 • 1976 • 1977 • 1978 • 1979 • 1980 • 1981 • 1982 • 1983 • 1984 • 1985 • 1986 • 1987 • 1988–1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 • 2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004–2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016 • 20172018
Red Bull Ring was previously called Österreichring and A1-Ring.
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