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The 1953 Swiss Grand Prix was the eighth race of the 1953 Formula One Season, held at the Circuit Bremgarten, Berne, on August 23, 1952. Alberto Ascari led a Ferrari 1-2-3, ahead of Giuseppe Farina and Mike Hawthorn.


BackgroundEdit

Although Alberto Ascari had dominated the pace at the Nürburgring, he had failed to take the victory and therefore failed to take the World Championship victory. However Ascari appeared set to take the world title if neither his teammates, Mike Hawthorn or Giuseppe Farina were to win the final two races consecutively.

Hawthorn and Farina had been the only drivers' to manage to steal a victory from Ascari in 1953 and therefore remained the only two drivers' whom could potentially beat Ascari.

Having failed to win at the Nürburgring, the Maserati drivers' had lost their opportunity to take victory in the world title. José Froilán González whom was still recovering from his injuries in Portugal would be replaced by Hermann Lang, the disputed 1939 European Championship victor. The pre-war veteran whilst now at the late age of 45 was being considered for one of the works Mercedes drives for the follwing season.

Gordini had enjoyed success in the prelude to the Swiss Grand Prix when Maurice Trintignant had taken victory at the non-championship Sables d'Olonne Grand Prix. There was a slight change in their driver line-up for Bremgarten. Harry Schell had opted to compete in a sportscar event at Goodwood instead of the Grand Prix and therefore Gordini recalled Fred Wacker to partner Trintignant and Jean Behra in the French team.

Like Schell, Peter Collins of HWM would also miss the Swiss Grand Prix for the Goodwood sportscar event. Paul Frère would therefore substitute his place in the team to race alongside Lance Macklin. HWM had also loaned out a car to Albert Scherrer, a wealthy Swiss driver whom was better known in Hillclimb racing.

The only other Swiss driver for the race was Baron Emmanuel de Graffenried in his privately entered Maserati. The other privateers included Ecurie Espadon which entered a Ferrari 500 for Peter Hirt and a Ferrari 166 for Max de Terra. Ecurie Francorchamps entered their Ferrari 500 for Jacques Swaters whilst Louis Rosier also entered a Ferrari 500 for his own racing team. Ken Wharton entered a Cooper whilst Élie Bayol and Louis Chiron continued to persevere with the troublesome OSCA.

The championship would come down to a showdown between Ascari, Farina and Hawthorn for the title at Bremgarten. Farina and Hawthorn needed to win the race to keep the championship going into the final race at Monza.

Farina had previously been strong at this circuit. Having won the race in 1950, Farina was also set for another win in 1952, leading every lap of the race before his car failed him. Hawthorn meanwhile was making his first visit to the Bremgarten circuit.

The championship could however be claimed for Ascari if neither of these two drivers managed to win the race. Ascari had missed the previous year's race for his ill-fated Indianapolis 500 attempt. Having been forced to miss the race, Switzerland was the race on the European races that Ascari did not totally dominate.

Nonetheless, Ascari had been previously fortuitous on the circuit having won the race for Ferrari in 1949. Whilst Farina and Hawthorn remained his final threats, Ascari remained well poised to take the title. It would be a difficult task for Farina or Hawthorn to take the victory as throughout the season it had primarily been the Maserati's and Juan Manuel Fangio that appeared set to challenge Ascari.

Fangio whom had won the Swiss Grand Prix in 1951 was still hunting for Maserati's first championship victory in the season. If Fangio or any of the rest of the field were able to win the final two races then the championship would be decided in favour of Ascari.


Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1953 Swiss Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
2 Belgium Jacques Swaters Ecurie Francorchamps Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E
4 Brazil Chico Landi Escuderia Bandeirantes Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
6 France Jean Behra Equipe Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
8 France Maurice Trintignant Equipe Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
10 France Louis Rosier Ecurie Rosier Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E
12 Monaco Louis Chiron Louis Chiron OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P
14 Belgium Paul Frère HW Motors HWM 53 Alta Alta GP 2.5 L4 D
16 United Kingdom Lance Macklin HW Motors HWM 53 Alta Alta GP 2.5 L4 D
18 Switzerland Albert Scherrer HW Motors HWM 53 Alta Alta GP 2.5 L4 D
20 United Kingdom Ken Wharton Ken Wharton Cooper T23 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D
22 France Élie Bayol OSCA Automobili OSCA 20 OSCA 2000 2.0 L6 P
24 Italy Giuseppe Farina Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
26 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
28 Italy Luigi Villoresi Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
30 Italy Felice Bonetto Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
32 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
34 Germany Hermann Lang Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
36 Argentina Onofre Marimón Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
38 Switzerland Peter Hirt Ecurie Espadon Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
40 Switzerland Max de Terra Ecurie Espadon Ferrari 166C Ferrari 125 1.5 V12 P
42 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Emmanuel de Graffenried Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6 2.0 L6 P
44 United States Fred Wacker Equipe Gordini Gordini Type 16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
46 Italy Alberto Ascari Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P

Qualifying Edit

Practice would take place at Bremgarten in the unique evening practice sessions throughout the Friday and Saturday of the race weekend. There was a minor controversy surrounding the field when the race officials allocated Ascari with a race number for the weekend that was different to the official entry list.

The first practice session was held under good conditions to which it was described as "fine and sunny". There was continued criticism of the current Formula Two regulations. It was lamented that "gone are the days when cars were fast enough to get into difficulties." The drivers' easily taking sections of the track in flat out power to which the cars in the Formula One era would have taken the cars "to the limit of adhesion" in the more powerful older cars.

In the qualifying battle it seemed to be a direct fight between Ascari and Fangio. Fangio was able to put in some magnificent flying laps to which he claimed Maserati's first pole position since his pole at the Belgian Grand Prix. Fangio had blitzed Ascari's best time, going six tenths faster than the Ferrari leader.

Farina was doing his best to keep in the game, however his wild laps saw him described as "never taking the same line twice". At the end of the first day he was third fastest and was 2.5 seconds behind Fangio whom was topping the timesheets.

Hawthorn, however had an even more difficult time. Having been described as being unwell in arriving to the circuit, he failed to impress on the first day to which he could only manage a frustrating seventh on the grid. Hawthorn was behind teammate Villoresi whom had been described as "not outstanding" throughout the day.

Also ahead of Hawthorn was Marimón's Maserati to whom was described as getting "lock to lock bounce" through the corners. Trintignant meanwhile had put in another outstanding for Gordini putting his car fourth on the grid ahead of two Ferrari's and a Maserati.

These times would be set to determine the grid when the Saturday practice session was washed out with rain in the evening. Ascari now set for second on the grid conducted a number of laps in his spare car. It appeared Ascari remained the favoured man in Ferrari to which he had been befitted a spare car before taking teammate and title rival, Hawthorn's car for a run late in the session.

Having had his car returned to him, Hawthorn returned to track to which he set the fastest time of the session in which he went 0.1 seconds faster than the time Ascari had set in his own car. Whilst Hawthorn and Ascari had mastered the wet conditions, Fangio whom was set for pole was more cautious in the conditions.

His new teammate in Lang was having some difficulty in getting his Maserati up to speed in the conditions. Fangio thereafter commandeered his car as befit the team leader to which he immediately set a time for the car that was 2.5 seconds faster than Lang had managed. Nonetheless, the time was still 6.5 seconds slower than the time he had managed in his own race car.

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 32 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Maserati 2:40.1
2 46 Italy Alberto Ascari Ferrari 2:40.7 + 0.6
3 24 Italy Nino Farina Ferrari 2:42.6 + 2.5
4 8 France Maurice Trintignant Gordini 2:43.8 + 3.7
5 36 Argentina Onofre Marimón Maserati 2:44.5 + 4.4
6 28 Italy Luigi Villoresi Ferrari 2:44.6 + 4.5
7 26 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari 2:48.1 + 8.0
8 42 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Maserati 2:49.9 + 9.8
9 20 United Kingdom Ken Wharton Cooper-Bristol 2:51.5 + 11.4
10 30 Italy Felice Bonetto Maserati 2:52.0 + 11.9
11 34 Germany Hermann Lang Maserati 2:54.8 + 14.7
12 6 France Jean Behra Gordini 2:55.0 + 14.9
13 2 Belgium Jacques Swaters Ferrari 2:55.1 + 15.0
14 10 France Louis Rosier Ferrari 2:55.4 + 15.3
15 16 United Kingdom Lance Macklin HWM-Alta 2:57.1 + 17.0
16 14 Belgium Paul Frère HWM-Alta 2:57.9 + 17.8
17 38 Switzerland Peter Hirt Ferrari 3:01.5 + 21.4
18 18 Switzerland Albert Scherrer HWM-Alta 3:07.4 + 27.3
19 40 Switzerland Max de Terra Ferrari 3:21.1 + 41.0
20 4 Brazil Chico Landi Maserati 3:29.1 + 49.0
DNA 12 Monaco Louis Chiron OSCA No time
DNA 22 France Élie Bayol OSCA No time
DNA 44 United States Fred Wacker Gordini No time

GridEdit

Pos Pos Pos
Driver Driver Driver
______________
______________ 1
______________ 2 Juan Manuel Fangio
3 Alberto Ascari
Giuseppe Farina
______________
______________ 4
5 Maurice Trintignant
Onofre Marimón
______________
______________ 6
______________ 7 Luigi Villoresi
8 Mike Hawthorn
Toulo de Graffenried
______________
______________ 9
10 Ken Wharton
Felice Bonetto
______________
______________ 11
______________ 12 Hermann Lang
13 Jean Behra
Jacques Swaters
______________
______________ 14
15 Louis Rosier
Lance Macklin
______________
______________ 16
______________ 17 Paul Frère
18 Peter Hirt
Albert Scherrer
______________
______________ 19
20 Max de Terra
Chico Landi




RaceEdit

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Manufacturer Laps Time/Retired Grid Pts.
1 46 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari 65 3:01:34.40 2 9
2 24 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari 65 +1:12.93 3 6
3 26 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Ferrari 65 +1:35.96 7 4
4 32 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Italy Felice Bonetto
Italy Maserati 64 +1 Lap 1 1.5
1.5
5 34 Germany Hermann Lang Italy Maserati 62 +3 Laps 11 2
6 28 Italy Luigi Villoresi Italy Ferrari 62 +3 Laps 6  
7 20 United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 62 +3 Laps 9  
Ret 4 Brazil Chico Landi Italy Maserati 54 Gearbox 20  
8 40 Switzerland Max de Terra Italy Ferrari 51 +14 Laps 19  
Ret 42 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Italy Maserati 49 Transmission 8  
9 18 Switzerland Albert Scherrer United Kingdom HWM-Alta 49 +16 Laps 18  
Ret 36 Argentina Onofre Marimón Italy Maserati 46 Engine 5  
Ret 8 France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini 43 Axle 4  
Ret 6 France Jean Behra France Gordini 37 Oil pressure 12  
Ret 30 Italy Felice Bonetto
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Italy Maserati 29 Engine 10  
Ret 16 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HWM-Alta 29 Engine 15  
Ret 38 Switzerland Peter Hirt Italy Ferrari 17 Engine 17  
Ret 14 Belgium Paul Frère United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1 Engine 16  
Ret 2 Belgium Jacques Swaters Italy Ferrari 0 Spun off 13  
Ret 10 France Louis Rosier Italy Ferrari 0 Spun off 14  

MilestonesEdit

  • Final championship victory for Alberto Ascari
  • Ascari clinched his second successive World Championship with the victory

Standings after raceEdit

V T E Switzerland Swiss Grand Prix
Circuits Bremgarten (1934 - 1939, 1947 - 1954), Dijon-Prenois (1975, 1982)
Races 1950 • 1951 • 1952 • 1953 • 1954 • 1955 • 1982
Pre-war championship Races 1935 • 1936 • 1937 • 1938 • 1939
Non-Championship Races 1934 • 1947 • 1948 • 1949 • 1975
V T E 1953 Formula One Season
Constructors AFM • Connaught • Cooper • EMW • Ferrari • Gordini • HWM • Maserati • OSCA • Veritas
Engines Alta • BMW • Bristol • EMW • Ferrari • Gordini • Lea-Francis • Maserati • OSCA • Veritas
Drivers Adolff • Ascari • Barber • Barth • Bauer • Bayol • Bechem • Behra • Berger • Bira • Birger • Bonetto • Brown • Carini • Chiron • Claes • Collins • Crook • Fairman • Fangio • Farina • Fitch • Fitzau • Frère • Gálvez • Gerard • Giraud-Cabantous • Glöckler • J. F. González • de Graffenried • Hamilton • Hawthorn • Heeks • Helfrich • Herrmann • Hirt • Karch • Klodwig • Krause • Landi • Lang • Legat • Loof • Macklin • Maglioli • Mantovani • Manzon • Marimón • McAlpine • Menditeguy • Mieres • S. Moss • Musso • Nuckey • Pilette • Rolt • Rosier • Salvadori • Schell • Scherrer • Schwelm Cruz • Seidel • I. Stewart • J. Stewart • Stuck • Swaters • de Terra • de Tornaco • Trintignant • Villoresi • Wacker • Wharton • Whitehead
Cars AFM 6 • AFM 50-5 • AFM U8 • Connaught A • Cooper T20 • Cooper T23 • Cooper T24 • Ferrari 166 C • Ferrari 500 • Ferrari 553 • Gordini T15 • Gordini T16 • HWM 53 • Maserati A6GCM • OSCA 20 • Veritas Meteor • Veritas RS
Tyres Dunlop • Englebert • Pirelli
Races Argentina • Indianapolis • Netherlands • Belgium • France • Britain • Germany • Switzerland • Italy
See also 1952 Formula One Season • 1954 Formula One Season • Category
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