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The 1952 Dutch Grand Prix was a Formula Two race held on 17 August 1952 at the Circuit van Zandvoort. It was the seventh round of the 1952 World Drivers' Championship, which was run to Formula Two rules in 1952 and 1953, rather than the Formula One regulations normally used. The 90-lap race was won by Ferrari driver Alberto Ascari after he started from pole position. His teammates Giuseppe Farina and Luigi Villoresi finished in second and third places.


Background Edit

After failing to make it to the championship calendar in the previous two years, the Dutch Grand Prix was finally approved to join the championship calendar for 1952. The Circuit Zandvoort, located only half an hour West of the Dutch capitol of Amsterdam, would serve as host for the grand prix. Since 1948, Circuit Zandvoort had hosted the Dutch Grand Prix, a minor grand prix event that had yet to make it within the prestigious 'Grand Epreuves'. Zandvoort, a fast sweeping circuit located in the Dutch sand dunes, was built on the former supply lines of the German military from the Second World War. The Frenchman, Louis Rosier had the most success at the circuit, winning the previous two events of the Dutch Grand Prix. However notably, neither he nor the Dutch Grand Prix's inaugural winner in 1948, Prince Bira of Siam were in attendance for the grand prix's entrance onto the world championship.

  • Ferrari: The championship was now over, Alberto Ascari's fifth straight win at the Nurburgring helped to secure his first world title in a most dominant fashion. Despite having won the championship, Ascari was determined to do well in the final two rounds to secure his cleansweep of the opposition. Alongside the reigning champion, Ascari and the former champion, Giuseppe Farina, Luigi Villoresi made his world championship return for Ferrari in 1952. A road accident early in the season had prevented his participation early in the season and had left him sidelined despite still competing in minor categories. Villoresi, replacing the unavailable Piero Taruffi was the only man on the grid to have won the Dutch event before, having done so back in 1949. Aside from the three works Ferrari entries, only Charles de Tornaco's yellow Ecurie Francorchamps entered Ferrari 500 was entered for Ferrari.
  • Gordini: The three French regulars of Robert Manzon, Maurice Trintignant and Jean Behra were once again in attendance for the Gordini outfit. Paul Frère, the racing journalist would also enter an older Simca-Gordini model owned by friend and fellow Belgian, Johnny Claes.
  • HWM: With Peter Collins unavailable for the Dutch event, Lance Macklin was therefore left in charge as HWM's lead driver. Duncan Hamilton was once again brought in as a substitute alongside Dries van der Lof, a successful Dutch industrialist who also competed as an amateur race driver. Van der Lof was provided the opportunity to represent his country at their home event whilst racing for HWM.
  • Maserati: The works squad had made a brief return in Germany with Felice Bonetto piloting their new A6GCM chassis. The team however opted to focus on development work for the new car rather than attend the new grand prix. The team hoping to refine the car for a successful performance at Monza, home of the team's home grand prix. Nonetheless, the minor Escuderia Bandeirantes team had brought along A6GCM cars for its drivers, the Brazilians Chico Landi and Gino Bianco. One extra car was entered for the local talent of Jan Flinterman, who gained funding to join the team with assistance from the race organisers.
  • ERA: The ERA G Type had been having an incredibly difficult time in 1952. Stirling Moss had yet to bring the car up to speed or get it to finish a race during the championship season. Nonetheless, the team returned once again in Zandvoort and Moss would be hoping the project, unlike the BRM project he was also involved in, would not become a total failure.
  • Cooper: The Cooper T20s were proving incredibly impressive at times, the manufacturer's drivers being able to regularly climb to the top of the midfield. The young Mike Hawthorn, entered by a team ran through his father had proven to be one of the best young British hopefuls piloting the Coopers. Hawthorn would be the lone Cooper entry in Zandvoort, however he was hoping another strong result would gain him the attention from the big teams in the grand prix scene.
  • Connaught: After their impressive debut in Silverstone, the Connaught A car was likewise proving capable of mixing with the top running Formula Two teams. Ken Downing, who had been having much success in the Connaught in minor events would once again return to the world championship at Zandvoort.
  • Frazer Nash: Like the Coopers and Connaughts, Frazer Nash was likewise proving the capability of British engineering on the Formula Two grid. Ken Wharton driving for Scuderia Franera had already scored points and was a regular competitor in 1952. Wharton would once again would be expected to be one of the midfield stars.

Entry listEdit

The full entry list for the 1952 Dutch Grand Prix is outlined below:

No. Driver Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Model Tyre
2 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
4 Italy Nino Farina Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
6 Italy Luigi Villoresi Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 P
8 France Jean Behra France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
10 France Robert Manzon France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
12 France Maurice Trintignant France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini 20 2.0 L6 E
14 Belgium Paul Frère Belgium Ecurie Belge Simca-Gordini T15 Gordini 1500 1.5 L4 E
16 Brazil Chico Landi Brazil Escuderia
Bandeirantes
Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6G 2.0 L6 P
18 Brazil Gino Bianco Brazil Escuderia
Bandeirantes
Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6G 2.0 L6 P
20 Netherlands Jan Flinterman Brazil Escuderia
Bandeirantes
Maserati A6GCM Maserati A6G 2.0 L6 P
22 United Kingdom Ken Downing Ken Downing Connaught A Lea-Francis 2.0 L4 D
24 Belgium Charles de Tornaco Belgium Ecurie
Francorchamps
Ferrari 500 Ferrari 500 2.0 L4 E
26 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HW Motors HWM 52 Alta F2 2.0 L4 D
28 United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton United Kingdom HW Motors HWM 52 Alta F2 2.0 L4 D
30 Netherlands Dries van der Lof United Kingdom HW Motors HWM 52 Alta F2 2.0 L4 D
32 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn United Kingdom Leslie D. Hawthorn Cooper T20 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D
34 United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Scuderia Franera Frazer Nash 421 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D
36 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom English Racing
Automobiles Ltd.
ERA G ERA 1.5 L6 D

PracticeEdit

As he had done all season, Ascari once again dominated the practice timesheets. A 1:46.5 securing him pole position, a full two seconds faster than teammate Farina. However the big surprise of practice was when Hawthorn managed to put his Cooper-Bristol third on the grid. Hawthorn was still a full five seconds off the pole time, however he gained the attention of Ferrari when he beat the returning Villoresi to third on the grid. Villoresi in the final works Ferrari was left disappointed upon his grand prix return, Hawthorn beating his time by two tenths.

Not even the Gordini cars had an answer for Hawthorn's impressive lap in the Cooper. Trintignant was the fastest of their cars, two seconds slower than Hawthorn. Behra, in the second Gordini was a second off Trintignant's time whilst Manzon could only manage eighth. He was only two tenths slower than Behra, however it was still enough for the Frazer Nash of Wharton to split the Gordini cars and take seventh.

The leading HWM's of Macklin and Hamilton were only ninth and tenth, whilst their local representation of Van der Lof could do no better than fourteenth. Frère in the old Simca-Gordini started from eleventh ahead of Bianco in the fastest Maserati.

Downing's Connaught was settled in a disappointed thirteenth, ahead of the two Dutchman Van der Lof and Flinterman. Landi in the final Maserati and De Tornaco's private Ferrari were the slowest drivers during practice. The ERA of Moss would once again experience teething problems. Fatigued after travelling from the Goodwood 9 Hours sportscar race, Moss elected to not practice and start from the back of the grid for the race.

Qualifying ResultsEdit

Pos No. Driver Constructor Lap Gap
1 2 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari 1:46.5
2 4 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari 1:48.6 + 2.1
3 32 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 1:51.6 + 5.1
4 6 Italy Luigi Villoresi Italy Ferrari 1:51.8 + 5.3
5 12 France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini 1:53.0 + 6.5
6 8 France Jean Behra France Gordini 1:54.5 + 8.0
7 34 United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Frazer Nash-Bristol 1:54.7 + 8.2
8 10 France Robert Manzon France Gordini 1:54.8 + 8.3
9 26 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1:55.2 + 8.7
10 28 United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1:55.8 + 9.3
11 14 Belgium Paul Frère France Simca-Gordini-Gordini 1:58.2 + 11.7
12 18 Brazil Gino Bianco Italy Maserati 1:58.4 + 11.9
13 22 United Kingdom Ken Downing United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 1:58.6 + 12.1
14 30 Netherlands Dries van der Lof United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1:59.4 + 12.9
15 20 Netherlands Jan Flinterman Italy Maserati 2:01.8 + 15.3
16 16 Brazil Chico Landi Italy Maserati 2:02.1 + 15.6
17 24 Belgium Charles de Tornaco Italy Ferrari 2:03.7 + 17.2
18 36 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom ERA 2:04.5 + 18.0

GridEdit

Pos Pos Pos
Driver Driver Driver
______________
______________ 1
______________ 2 Alberto Ascari
3 Giuseppe Farina
Mike Hawthorn
______________
______________ 4
5 Luigi Villoresi
Maurice Trintignant
______________
______________ 6
______________ 7 Jean Behra
8 Ken Wharton
Robert Manzon
______________
______________ 9
10 Lance Macklin
Duncan Hamilton
______________
______________ 11
______________ 12 Paul Frère
13 Gino Bianco
Ken Downing
______________
______________ 14
15 Dries van der Lof
Jan Flinterman
______________
______________ 16
______________ 17 Chico Landi
18 Charles de Tornaco
Stirling Moss




RaceEdit

Report Edit

Whilst Ascari had impressed with his usual dominance in practice, the fast times of Hawthorn in the underpowered Cooper had drew most of the attention heading into the race. Ascari made his customary strong start from pole position, whilst Hawthorn sped right past Farina to take second place in the run to the first corner. Hawthorn's Cooper even seemed capable of challenging Ascari's Ferrari until the superior might of the 500 chassis allowed Ascari to pull away from the Cooper on the second lap.

It was immediately evident that the Cooper would be no match for the Ferrari's, Farina making it back past Hawthorn on the second lap. Hawthorn was able to briefly maintain third to Villoresi's third Ferrari, however eventually the Ferrari superiority won out and Villoresi took third to create another 1-2-3 situation for Ferrari.

Hawthorn may have lost the podium places to the Ferrari's, however he still maintained a healthy advantage over his nearest challengers in the Gordini cars. Behra had got the best start of the Gordini's, and after seeing the two Maserati's of Bianco and Flinterman retire, Behra pulled out of the race on lap ten with magneto failure. The final two Gordini's of Manzon and Trintignant were left to battle for the final points position.

After a bad start, Trintignant was left chasing Manzon, however despite continually hounding his tail, the second Gordini was unable to make it past. The Gordini squabble had allowed the ERA of Moss who had climbed from the back of the field to close within the Gordini's and have a chance for points.

Frère retired with clutch problems on lap fifteen whilst four laps later De Tornaco ended his day with engine troubles. The Connaught car of Downing also went on to retire after a disappointing showing. The locals were seeing little success for their home drivers. Van der Lof was experiencing mechanical troubles leaving him at the back of the pack whilst Flinterman had already retired from the race. The sole surviving Maserati of Landi came into the pits to allow Flinterman to take over his car and rejoin the race, however the locals had little to cheer as like Van der Lof he was well down at the back of the pack.

There was little racing action throughout the day, only the ERA of Moss chasing after the two Gordini's of Manzon and Trintignant providing any real entertainment. On lap 73, ERA's hopes for points were lost when the engine on Moss's car failed. Wharton in the Frazer Nash inherited seventh place, however three laps later a wheel bearing failure brought an end to his day.

The Ferrari's dominated once again, Ascari led the race from lights to flag to achieve another grand chelem. Forty seconds adrift of Ascari came the second Ferrari of Farina, whilst Villoresi was undoubtedly hoping for a better return after finishing more than a minute and a half adrift of Farina. The Ferrari's once again were unchallenged, Hawthorn in fourth place had been lapped twice by the three Ferrari's. However aside from the Ferrari's, no car came close to challenging Hawthorn in his nimble Cooper-Bristol.

Manzon rounded out the final points place for Gordini, finishing only just ahead of his teammate Trintignant whom he had battled all afternoon. Two laps down on the Gordini's came Hamilton's HWM to take seventh place, one lap ahead of teammate Macklin. The share car of Landi and Flinterman was in ninth whilst the final car of Van der Lof failed to even be classified.

ResultsEdit

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 2 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari 90 2:53:28.5 1 9
2 4 Italy Nino Farina Italy Ferrari 90 + 40.1 2 6
3 6 Italy Luigi Villoresi Italy Ferrari 90 + 1:34.4 4 4
4 32 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 88 + 2 laps 3 3
5 10 France Robert Manzon France Gordini 87 + 3 laps 8 2
6 12 France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini 87 + 3 laps 5
7 28 United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton United Kingdom HWM-Alta 85 + 5 laps 10
8 26 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HWM-Alta 84 + 6 laps 9
9 16 Brazil Chico Landi
Netherlands Jan Flinterman
Italy Maserati 83 + 7 laps 16
Ret 34 United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Frazer Nash-Bristol 76 Wheel bearing 7
Ret 36 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom ERA 73 Engine 18
NC 30 Netherlands Dries van der Lof United Kingdom HWM-Alta 70 + 20 Laps 14
Ret 22 United Kingdom Ken Downing United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 27 Oil pressure 13
Ret 24 Belgium Charles de Tornaco Italy Ferrari 19 Engine 17
Ret 14 Belgium Paul Frère France Simca-Gordini-Gordini 15 Clutch 11
Ret 8 France Jean Behra France Gordini 10 Electrical 6
Ret 20 Netherlands Jan Flinterman Italy Maserati 7 Differential 15
Ret 18 Brazil Gino Bianco Italy Maserati 4 Axle 12
Source: [1]

MilestonesEdit

Standings after raceEdit

External LinksEdit


V T E Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix
Circuits Zandvoort (1948-1985)
CircuitZandvoort1980
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V T E 1952 Formula One Season
Constructors AFM • Alta • Aston Butterworth • BMW • Cisitalia • Connaught • Cooper • ERA • Ferrari • Frazer Nash • Gordini • HWM • Maserati • OSCA • Veritas
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Drivers Abecassis • Ascari • Aston • Balsa • Bayol • Bechem • Behra • Bianco • Bira • Bonetto • Brandon • Brown • Brudes • Cantoni • Carini • Claes • Collins • Comotti • Crespo • Crook • Downing • Dusio • Étancelin • Farina • L. Fischer • R. Fischer • Frère • Flinterman • Gaze • Giraud-Cabantous • J. F. González • de Graffenried • Hamilton • Hawthorn • Heeks • Hirt • Klenk • Klodwig • Krakau • Krause • Landi • Laurent • Legat • Lof • Macklin • Manzon • McAlpine • Merkel • Montgomerie-Charrington • S. Moss • Murray • Niedermayr • O'Brien • Parnell • Peters • Pietsch • Poore • Rol • Rosier • Salvadori • Schell • Schoeller • Simon • Stuck • Taruffi • de Terra • Thompson • de Tornaco • Trintignant • Ulmen • Villoresi • Wharton • G. Whitehead • P. Whitehead
Cars AFM 4 • AFM 6 • AFM 8 • Alta F2 • Aston Butterworth NB41 • Aston Butterworth NB42 • BMW 328 • Cisitalia D46 • Connaught A • Cooper T20 • ERA G • Ferrari 125/F2 • Ferrari 166/F2 • Ferrari 212 • Ferrari 375S • Ferrari 500 • Frazer Nash 421 • Frazer Nash FN48 • OSCA 20 • Simca-Gordini T11 • Simca-Gordini T15 • Gordini T16 • Gordini T16S • HWM 51/52 • HWM 52 • Maserati 4CLT/48 • Maserati A6GCM • Veritas Meteor • Veritas RS
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See also 1951 Formula One Season • 1953 Formula One Season • Category
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