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The 1952 British Grand Prix was the fifth race of the 1952 Formula One Season, set to take place at the Silverstone Circuit, Silverstone, Northamptonshire, England over the weekend of July 19, 1952. The circuit was modified and was lengthened slightly.

This race was won by Alberto Ascari of Ferrari.

BackgroundEdit

During the off-season, the Silverstone circuit was slightly modified and became very slightly longer in distance. Therefore the 1952 race was five laps shorter compared to the 1951 race. The main modification to the track was the relocation of the pits, which were moved from the Farm Straight to the following straight. Anyone important change was that the start/finish line was no longer located before the pit entrance, but rather it was positioned half way down the pits.

  • Ferrari:  Most of the teams took the time in between the French and British rounds of the championship to attend non-championship event at Les Sables-d'Olonne. The race had been won rather convincingly by Luigi Villoresi, yet to make his world championship return following a severe road accident at the start of the season. The works Ferrari squad had their usual line-up of Alberto Ascari, Giuseppe Farina and Piero Taruffi in attendance for the British Grand Prix. The usual works Ferrari 500 drivers were joined by the regular Ferrari privateers, Louis Rosier and Rudolf Fischer. Another private Ferrari 500 was entered for British sportscar driver Roy Salvadori, making his world championship debut with a Ferrari 500 sponsored by the Italian financier G Caprara. Peter Hirt once again entered his Ferrari 212 Inter sportscar whilst Peter Whitehead would enter his old Ferrari 125 for the first time this season. 
  • Gordini: The Gordini team had their usual line-up of Robert Manzon, Prince Bira and Maurice Trintignant. After Jean Behra had been injured at Les Sables-d'Olonne, the team's junior driver, Trintignant, was appointed one of the newer model T16 models to replace Behra's position in the race. Johnny Claes continued to enter the old Simca-Gordini T15 for his private Ecurie Belge team.
  • Maserati: Enrico Plate's team were once again entering their modified old Maserati 4CLT/48's with their usual line-up of Baron Emmanuel de Graffenried and American, Harry Schell. The South American team, Escuderia Bandeirantes would make their debut with more new drivers, Brazil's Gino Bianco and Uruaguay's Eitel Cantoni. The team making use of privately entered Maserati A6GCM's, the new Maserati challenger.
  • ERA: Hoping to revive the ERA team's success, the young British hopeful Stirling Moss had once again been contracted to drive their new G Type chassis at Silverstone. The lone ERA entry for Moss would have to compete directly against a number of the newer British manufacturers to arrive on the grand prix scene.
  • HWM: After the failure of the BRM project, the little HWM manufacturer had taken the mantle as the lead British grand prix team. Hoping for a good result on their home territory, the team entered their usual drivers of Peter Collins and Lance Macklin alongside sportscar racer, Duncan Hamilton as guest driver. A fourth HWM was entered privately by the former Australian RAF flying ace, Tony Gaze.  
  • Alta: The Alta car owned and previously raced by Peter Whitehead was given over to his younger brother Graham, allowing the younger Whitehead to make his grand prix debut in his brother's car. The Whitehead brothers becoming the first sibling's to compete in the world championship.  
  • Cooper: The little British Coopers were a popular choice for private British entrants at their home race. Britain's newest talent Mike Hawthorn entered a T20 under ownership of his father, Leslie. Ecurie Richmond, one of the regular minor teams entered cars for their usual line-up of Eric Brandon and Alan Brown. Reg Parnell, one of Britain's leading racers entered a Cooper T20 owned by Archie Bryde. David Murray was also in attendance with a T20 entered by his team Ecurie Ecossie. 
  • Frazer Nash: The little Frazer Nash cars had impressed in the past, the team once again entering Ken Wharton for their semi-works Sucderia Franera line-up. Tony Crook, a high profile Bristol dealer, notably Fraser Nash's engine supplier would also enter one of their cars as a private entry.
  • Connaught: The newest manufacturer to join the world championship, Connaught, had been racing in Formula Two since 1950 and had finally decided to go into competition with its British rivals in the world championship. The company owned by Rodney Clarke and Mike Oliver would enter their full driver line-up with Kenneth McAlpine, Ken Downing, Eric Thompson and Dennis Poore representing the team at Silverstone. 

QualifyingEdit

ReportEdit

The Ferrari's unsurprisingly were once again the dominant team during the practice times. However it was Farina, often strong at Silverstone who went on to take his first pole position of the season. Ascari, had equalled his time of 1:50.0, however since Farina set the time first, he was awarded with the pole position. Taruffi was slightly lagging, his third fastest time was two seconds off Farina and Ascari, however he remained a further two seconds faster than Manzon's Gordini, the fastest non-Ferrari.

The Connaught's making their championship debut proved to be competitive, Ken Downing only a second off Manzon's best time. Matching Downing's times were the two Cooper's of Parnell and Hawthorn and Poore's Connaught. Thompson was ninth in his Connaught whilst rounding out the top ten was Bira's Gordini.

Hamilton was the fastest of the HWM cars, the team being disappointed to be outmatched by their Connaught and Cooper rivals. Graham Whitehead's Alta was a decent twelfth on the grid ahead of Brown's Cooper and Collins's HWM. Fischer was a disappointing fifteenth in his Ferrari whilst Moss could only manage to put the ERA sixteenth on the grid.

McAlpine was the final of the Connaught cars down in seventeenth, Brandon also struggled to match his teammates in his Cooper down in eighteenth. Salvadori was unable to make effect of his private Ferrari 500 and could only manage ninteenth, a single position ahead of Whitehead in the outdated 125 model. Trintignant was also struggling, managing to only place his Gordini in twenty first.

The final positions were occupied by Murray, Claes, Hirt, Crook, Gaze, Cantoni, Bianco, Macklin and the unreliable Aston Butterworth of Bill Aston. The Enrico Plate Maserati's of De Graffenried and Schell failed to arrive before practice, however would attend the race from the back of the grid. Rosier's private Ferrari and the Frazer Nash of Wharton failed to attend the circuit at all.

ResultsEdit

Pos No. Driver Constructor Time
1 16 Italy Nino Farina Italy Ferrari 1:50.0
2 15 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari 1:50.0
3 17 Italy Piero Taruffi Italy Ferrari 1:53.0
4 24 France Robert Manzon France Gordini 1:55.0
5 4 United Kingdom Ken Downing United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 1:56.0
6 8 United Kingdom Reg Parnell United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 1:56.0
7 9 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 1:56.0
8 6 United Kingdom Dennis Poore United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 1:56.0
9 5 United Kingdom Eric Thompson United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 1:57.0
10 26 Thailand Prince Bira France Gordini 1:57.0
11 30 United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1:57.0
12 1 United Kingdom Graham Whitehead United Kingdom Alta 1:58.0
13 11 United Kingdom Alan Brown United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 1:58.0
14 29 United Kingdom Peter Collins United Kingdom HWM-Alta 1:58.0
15 19 Switzerland Rudi Fischer Italy Ferrari 1:58.0
16 12 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom ERA-Bristol 1:59.0
17 3 United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine United Kingdom Connaught-Lea-Francis 2:00.0
18 10 United Kingdom Eric Brandon United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 2:00.0
19 14 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Ferrari 2:00.0
20 21 United Kingdom Peter Whitehead Italy Ferrari 2:00.0
21 25 France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini 2:00.0
22 7 United Kingdom David Murray United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 2:02.0
23 27 Belgium Johnny Claes France Simca-Gordini-Gordini 2:02.0
24 20 Switzerland Peter Hirt Italy Ferrari 2:03.0
25 23 United Kingdom Tony Crook Germany Frazer Nash-Bristol 2:03.0
26 28 Australia Tony Gaze United Kingdom HWM-Alta 2:05.0
27 35 Uruguay Eitel Cantoni Italy Maserati 2:06.0
28 34 Brazil Gino Bianco Italy Maserati 2:07.0
29 31 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HWM-Alta 2:08.0
30 2 United Kingdom Bill Aston United Kingdom Aston Butterworth 3:28.0
31 32 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried Italy Maserati-Platé No Time
32 33 United States Harry Schell Italy Maserati-Platé No Time


RaceEdit

ReportEdit

Prior to the race start, the British contigent were kept entertained by the Formula Three support race in which Stirling Moss took a dominant victory ahead of Eric Brandon. Both drivers were hoping for similar fortunes in the main event, the Formula Two race. However the race was expected to once again be a dominant display of the Ferrari power.

Ascari was once again the Ferrari to make the best start, he streaked ahead of pole sitter Farina who had got a lot of wheel spin off the line. Taruffi had managed a terrible start and had dropped down into the midfield. Dennis Poore had got an incredible start, leading the midfield past Taruffi, his little Connaught nearly making it past Farina's Ferrari at the first corner. At the end of the first lap, Ascari led the field ahead of Farina, Poore, Downing, Parnell, Thompson, Manzon, Hawthorn and Taruffi. Eitel Cantoni racing the new A6GCM Maserati would only make it a few corners before suffering brake failure, ending his race. Peter Hirt's Ferrari sportscar was the next victim of the race, he too pulled out with brake failure on the third lap.

Ascari immediately began to open up his seemingly customary lead, whilst behind him Farina was struggling to shake off the two Connaughts of Poore and Downing. Taruffi was beginning his recovery after a poor start, on the second lap he moved past Hawthorn and then on the third he was also past Manzon. Manzon would thereafter pit to retire with a clutch failure.

The Connaughts were running an impressive debut, both their lead cars of Poore and Downing were keeping pace with the Ferrari's. Taruffi had managed to get past Poore's Connaught quickly, however the lead car of Poore was proving more problematic. Only on lap 15 when Poore hit an oil patch at Copse causing him to spin was Taruffi able to take the third place.

With Taruffi's return to third place, the three works Ferrari cars would once again be in dominant control of the race. Farina was maintaining a solid gap to Ascari who was leading the race by 20 seconds. However unreliability problems would afflict Farina once again, a misfiring engine would bring the former world champion into the pits. The mechanics were forced to change the spark plugs, the pit stop dropping him well down the order. Poore was now in third ahead of Hawthorn, Downing and Parnell. Farina exited the pits in sixth, however his engine misfire continued to plague him and he was forced to concede the position to Thompson's Connaught.

Farina was not the only one to have engine problems, earlier in the race, David Murray and Tony Gaze had both seen engine failures on their Cooper's and HWM's. Trintignant became the second Gordini to go out of the race when he had gearbox failure on lap 21.

Despite winning the F3 race, Stirling Moss was having a miserable time in the ERA car. Since the start of the race, the ERA had been encountering a misfire. Moss had the plugs changed, however there was little improvement and he retired the car on lap 36. The Connaughts and Cooper's had taken up the charge and hopes for the British crowd, leading the field behind the Ferrari's. The Connaughts, although quick were struggling with fuel consumption. The need for a fuel stop dropped them out of the front running order. Poore and Thompson exited sixth and seventh, behind Hawthorn, Farina and Parnell. Downing meanwhile had a terrible stop, dropping down to ninth having also fallen behind the privateer Ferrari of Roy Salvadori.

At the front, Ascari had extended his lead to a full lap ahead of teammate Taruffi in second position. Hawthorn was doing excellently, ensuring a British car and driver remained in the podium position. The Connaughts of Poore and Thompson were staging an excellent comeback, they had quickly moved past Parnell and the misfiring Farina, however Hawthorn in the Cooper seemed to be uncatchable.

The remainder of the race was fairly processional, the final retirements saw two of the HWM's go out of the race. Duncan Hamilton went out on lap 44 with engine troubles whilst Peter Collins had ignition failure in the final stages. Ascari would go on to take yet another dominant win, edging ever closer to his first world championship victory.

Taruffi took second position ahead of Hawthorn who was able to hold off the raging Connaughts of Poore and Thompson to take a podium finish in front of his home crowd. Farina would be disappointed in not achieving any points, Ascari's lead rival would continue to fall behind his younger teammate in the standings.

ResultsEdit

Pos. No. Driver Manufacturer Laps Time/Retired Grid Pts.
1 15 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Ferrari 85 2:44:11 2 9
2 17 Italy Piero Taruffi Italy Ferrari 84 +1 Lap 3 6
3 9 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 83 +2 Laps 7 4
4 6 United Kingdom Dennis Poore United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis 83 +2 Laps 8 3
5 5 United Kingdom Eric Thompson United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis 82 +3 Laps 9 2
6 16 Italy Giuseppe Farina Italy Ferrari 82 +3 Laps 1  
7 8 United Kingdom Reg Parnell United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 82 +3 Laps 6  
8 14 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Ferrari 82 +3 Laps 19  
9 4 United Kingdom Ken Downing United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis 82 +3 Laps 5  
10 21 United Kingdom Peter Whitehead Italy Ferrari 81 +4 Laps 20  
11 26 Thailand Prince Bira Italy Gordini 81 +4 Laps 10  
12 1 United Kingdom Graham Whitehead United Kingdom Alta 80 +5 Laps 12  
13 19 Switzerland Rudi Fischer Italy Ferrari 80 +5 Laps 15  
14 27 Belgium Johnny Claes Italy Simca-Gordini 79 +6 Laps 23  
15 31 United Kingdom Lance Macklin United Kingdom HWM 79 +6 Laps 29  
16 3 United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine United Kingdom Connaught-Lea Francis 79 +6 Laps 17  
17 33 United States Harry Schell Italy Maserati-Platé 78 +7 Laps 32  
18 34 Brazil Gino Bianco Italy Maserati 77 +8 Laps 28  
19 32 Switzerland Emmanuel de Graffenried Italy Maserati-Platé 76 +9 Laps 31  
20 10 United Kingdom Eric Brandon United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 76 +9 Laps 18  
NC 23 United Kingdom Tony Crook United Kingdom Frazer Nash 75 +10 Laps 25  
Ret 29 United Kingdom Peter Collins United Kingdom HWM-Alta 73 Ignition 14  
NC 11 United Kingdom Alan Brown United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 69 +16 Laps 13  
Ret 30 United Kingdom Duncan Hamilton United Kingdom HWM-Alta 44 Engine 11  
Ret 12 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom ERA 36 Engine 16
Ret 25 France Maurice Trintignant France Gordini 21 Gearbox 21
Ret 28 Australia Tony Gaze United Kingdom HWM-Alta 19 Engine 26
Ret 7 United Kingdom David Murray United Kingdom Cooper-Bristol 14 Engine 22
Ret 24 France Robert Manzon France Gordini 9 Clutch 4
Ret 20 Switzerland Peter Hirt Italy Ferrari 3 Brakes 24
Ret 35 Uruguay Eitel Cantoni Italy Maserati 0 Brakes 27
DNS 2 United Kingdom Bill Aston United Kingdom Aston Butterworth 0 Did not start 30
WD 18 France Louis Rosier Italy Ferrari Did not arrive
WD 22 United Kingdom Ken Wharton United Kingdom Frazer Nash-Bristol Did not arrive

MilestonesEdit

Standings after raceEdit

United Kingdom British Grand Prix
Circuits Silverstone (1950 - Present), Aintree (1955 - 1962), Brands Hatch (1963 - 1986)
SilverstoneArena2010
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